Date of Birth: 06/02/1905
Born February 6, 1905 in Krosno in south-eastern Poland, the son of oil workers. After three years of schooling at the age of 14 years he began working as a mechanic, was the organizer of the communist working groups, and later became a professional "activists" of the Communist Party and an agitator. He has been arrested, but the punishment was serving probation. In 1926-1932 was one of the leaders of the trade union of workers of the chemical industry. In 1932 Gomulka was arrested and sentenced to four years in prison, released in 1934 due to illness. In 1934-1935 he studied at the Lenin School in Moscow, however, has managed to avoid Stalin`s repressions, when the party elite of the Polish Communist Party was charged with Trotskyism. Up until World War II, Gomulka was imprisoned (1936). When Nazi troops occupied Warsaw, he moved in 1941 to the city, occupied by the Red Army. When it was taken and the Lions, he went underground and became a member of the Resistance movement.
In 1944, after the establishment of the Soviet government of the Committee of National Liberation of Poland, Gomulka became a member of the Committee. After his release, he returned to Poland in Warsaw with the so-called Lublin Government as Deputy Prime Minister. Gomulka called "little Stalin" for his zeal in spreading the Soviet system. Since the beginning of the "cold war" and after the conflict with Tito in 1948 Gomulka, defended idea of ??a "Polish road to socialism" was in a difficult position. In 1948 he admitted his mistakes, but fell victim to another "job rotation", which followed the changes in the party`s course. As Secretary General, he was replaced by B.Berut; Gomulka was subsequently expelled from the party. In August 1951 he was arrested and imprisoned.
The second ascent to power of Gomulka began three years after Stalin`s death. April 6, 1956 Radio Warsaw announced the release from prison of Gomulka, and already on October 19 were recovered his position in the Party Central Committee. October 21, he was re-appointed as the first secretary of the Polish United Workers` Party (PZPR).
Gomulka eliminated most of the collective farms in the village, reached a compromise with the Roman katolicheskoytserkovyu, relaxing censorship. To strengthen the country`s economic situation, Gomulka began to seek credits and technological assistance in Western Europe. Signed in December 1970 an agreement with West Germany on the recognition of Poland`s western border along the Oder - Neisse was the first step towards talks on economic assistance from Germany. Trying to solve the economic problems of the country, the government has announced a significant increase in food prices and energy prices on Christmas Eve 1970. A week later, he began working with excitement. As a result, Gomulka was forced to resign, and on December 20 19 70 E.Gerek was replaced, first secretary of the Party Committee of Katowice. Died Gomulka in Warsaw, September 1, 1982.