Date of Birth: 05/03/1879
Place of birth: Rangpur
Citizenship: United Kingdom
The economic concept of the welfare
Baron Beveridge is best known for their 1942 report titled `Social Insurance and Allied uslugi` ( `Social Insurance and Allied Services`). This work is often referred to as `Beveridzha` report, disclose the principles underlying the creation of a new model of the state, where there is no place idleness, ignorance, disease, poverty, and poverty - the five major problems of society. The report has received strong support immediately after the Second World War, but some of his ideas, including economic dependence of wives on their husbands, have been criticized.
William Henry Beveridge was born March 5, 1879-th in Rangpur, India (Rangpur, India), now Bangladesh (Bangladesh). He graduated from the preferred Charterhouse School (Charterhouse School), and then Balliol College (Balliol College). Beveridge later learned the intricacies of jurisprudence, a lawyer had to stay, but quickly became interested sotssluzhbami and wrote an article on this topic for the newspaper `Morning Post`.
Genuine interest in the reasons of unemployment in the Beveridge was born in 1903, when he worked at Toynbee Hall (Toynbee Hall), London`s current home. There he made friends with Sidney Webb (Sidney Webb) and Beatrice Webb (Beatrice Webb) and infected with their theory of social reform. He began to actively support the introduction of old-age pensions, free school meals and campaign for a national system of labor exchange.
By 1908 th Beveridge has been a leading expert of the United Kingdom unemployment insurance, but in 1919 he left the civil service in favor of the post of Director of the London School of Economics and Political Science.
In 1933 he helped the establishment of the Council for Refugee Assistance (Academic Assistance Council), which, in turn, has helped many German-Jewish scientists to avoid Nazi persecution. In 1944, Beveridge, recently joined the Liberal Party, was chosen by the House of Commons at a by-election arranged due to the death of George Charles Grey (George Charles Grey), who fell on the battlefield in Normandy (Normandy). Some time William was a member of Parliament for the constituency of Berwick-upon-Tweed (Berwick-upon-Tweed), before the general election of 1945, which was defeated.
The following year, the Labour government began to enforce the Beveridge proposals that formed the basis of the modern welfare state. Clement Attlee (Clement Attlee) and the Labour Party won the Conservative Party of Winston Churchill in the election-1945. Attlee announced he would stick to the model of the welfare state, as set out in the Report `Beveridzha` 1942. Thus, by 1948-mu earned the National Health Service, and funding for the treatment of all categories of citizens of the taxpayers` money was allocated.
Baron Beveridge married Janet Jesse (Jessy Janet), daughter of William Philip (William Philip) and the widow of David Myra (David Mair), in 1942. He died on March 16 1963, at the age of 84 years. Baronial title is gone along with it. Before his death, Beveridge said the sentence: `I have a thousand things to sdelat`.