Vsevolod Volin

Picture of Vsevolod Volin

Citizenship: Russia


After the exposure of the provocateur EF Azef walked away from the Social Revolutionaries. In 1911-1914 the anarchist-communist, one of the organizers of travel abroad. I grew up. anarchic. movement. Since 1914, the anarchist-syndicalist. During the 1 st world. War, a member of the Russian. and French. anarchist groups in Paris, a member of "K-ta internationalization. action." In August. 1916 for anti-militarist. propaganda imprisoned in a concentration camp, he fled to the United States.

Since July 1917 - in Russia, a member of the Petrograd "Union anarcho-syndicalist propaganda" and co-editor of its organ "Golos Truda" newspaper. In October Wolin wrote: "... We are asked how we relate to the possibility of making the masses with the slogan" All Power to the Soviets ", and we will if we participate in it ... 1) ... we are investing in the slogan ... different content than that which is invested ... Social-Democratic party of the Bolsheviks, ... we do not believe in the possibility of broad slogans for the Revolution, if the horizons opened by the seizure of power ...; ... ... we treat negatively to the political actions of the masses for political slogans, under the influence of ideological propagandypoliticheskih party; ... we think in a completely different way ... the development of a true social revolution ... we treat this negative performance 2) ... If the performance of the mass takes place, then. we, as anarchists, take it in the most active part. we can not be at one with the revolutionary masses, even though it was not our way ... at least we anticipated speech short. we always remember that foresee the outcome and direction mass movement is impossible. And we believe it is our duty ... to take part in this movement, seeking to make it our content, our idea, our truth "(" Voice of Labor ", in October 1917.20.).

Wolin argued that the inaugural. Coll. "Mired in disputes and wrangle. It will slow roar-tion" (ibid, 18 Nov.). Negatively reacted to the establishment of the Soviet. authorities: "Councils should unite nonpartisan labor ... (ehkon.) cell ... ... workers and peasants be united resistance of cells and destruction of bourgeois power ... but in any case should not become themselves" the authorities. " ... We do not believe the Bolsheviks is that they really are able to transform the political dictatorship of the party in power and economic dictatorship of the proletariat, with the "power to the soviets!" .. "(ibid, 16 December.). In the programmatic article "Lenin and Anarchism" Wolin writes: "The anarchists have always maintained that the path to socialism is not through mass organization into a political party, in order to seize power in the state, but through the class, non-partisan, militant self-organization of the masses, for the purpose of direct takeover all means and instruments of production, movement and exchange ... The path of Marxism inevitably passes through the state, political power and political dictatorship. The path of anarchism passes through an independent organization of the masses ... The Russian revolution, from the outset, went on spontaneously anarchic way "(ibid also 1918, 29 January).

In early March, he organized and led the partisan. detachment, with a ring-off "on the front to defend in October. Revolution of the advancing Germans" (TsGALI, f. 1023, op. 1, d. 883, n. 11). In the spring - summer of 1918 fought in the Ukraine. Autumn participated in the creation of the Confederation of Anarchist Organizations of Ukraine, "Nabat" in Kharkov; in 1919-20 a member of its secretariat and one of the editors of the gas. "Nabat". From August 1919 NI closest associate Makhno, the chairman of the Revolutionary Military Council, one of the ideologists of the Makhnovist movement. In January 1920 arrested by the Soviet authorities, was held in March in Moscow, 1 October (due to an agreement with Makhno) released; November 25 for the preparation of the congress of anarchists arrested in Kharkov, was detained in Moscow. At the request of the Congress of the Red Profintern delegates to the name of SNK released and including 10 January 5, 1922 anarchists exiled abroad. He collaborated in the anarchist emigre publications. The author of the foreword to the book by Arshinova "History of the Makhnovist movement [of 1918-1921]." (Berlin, 1923). In 1930-ies. Secretary of Makhno in Paris and a member of the "Izdat-ta N. Makhno."; author of the preface, notes, Makhno editor of the book "Under the blows of the counter-tion" (Vol. 2, Paris, 1936), Makhno editor of the book "Ukrainian roar-tion" (vol. 3, Paris, 1937).