Viktor Znakov

Picture of Viktor Znakov

Date of Birth: 08/21/1950

Age: 66

Birthplace: Kaunas

Citizenship: Russia


Signs Viktor Vladimirovich (21.08.1950, Kaunas). Psychologist. He graduated from Leningrad State University of Psychology (1974). Qualifications: psychologist. PhD (1978). Doctor of Psychology (1996).

Professor, Department of General Psychology, Psychology Department (1997). At Moscow University, read the course "Psychology of understanding"

The first deputy. Director of the Institute of Psychology (2000). Member of the Expert Council on pedagogy and psychology of the RF HAC (1999-2002). A member of the editorial board of the magazine "Man" and "Psychological Journal" RAS.

Winner of the Prize. SL Rubinstein (RAS Presidium, 1999).

Research interests: psihologiyaponimaniya, thinking person. Theoretically and experimentally proved the existence of an understanding of psychology as an independent branch of general psychological research. On a large sample of subjects (participants of war in Afghanistan, aggressive adolescents, subjects with severe manifestations of manipulative behavior and Machiavellian personality) has carried out a detailed analysis of the understanding of both the process and the result of human thinking; It identified four key conditions for the appearance of understanding and the four forms of its manifestation in the mind; experimentally proved that understanding the psychological mechanisms directly related to opredelennymichertami personality features of moral consciousness and outlook of the subject. He held the first in the world of psychological science, a systematic study on the analysis of Russian and Western cultural and historical, scientific and psychological traditions in the understanding of truth and righteousness. Theoretically and experimentally substantiated the proposition that truth is the logical-epistemological category, but the truth - psychological. I studied the internal and external conditions, which contribute to the process of transformation in human consciousness epistemological truth in psychological truth. He analyzed the moral, psychological and social aspects of the formation of different types of understanding truth and the functioning of true and untrue reports in situations of communication between people. Conducted theoretical and experimental study of Russian and Western traditions in understanding lies: the consideration of a subjective moral point of view (as a false moral or immoral act of lying about the subject, distorting the truth), and with the moral and legal (a lie - a violation of the rights of the deceived person).

Thesis: "mnemonic component of goal formation in mental activity." Subject doctoral dissertation: "The psychology of understanding in cognition and communication."

He has published about 100 scientific papers.