Viktor Bukato

Picture of Viktor Bukato

Date of Birth: 06/20/1939

Age: 77

Place of Birth: Pinsk

Citizenship: Russia


Born June 20, 1939 in Pinsk, Brest region of the Byelorussian SSR. Father - Bukata Ivan (1914 g.rozhd.). Mother - Bukata Theodosius I. (1909-1990). Brother - Bukata Drozdov (. G.rozhd 1943), Chief Engineer of PHE "Polesie", one of the largest enterprises in Belarus. Wife - Bukata Valentina. The daughters - Tatiana (1963 g.rozhd.) And Elena (1970 g.rozhd.). Both graduated from the Finance Academy under the Government of the Russian Federation, engaged in business. Grandson - Dmitry (1989 g.rozhd.).

City Pinsk, where the family lived Bukata, has nearly 900 years. The city`s location on the border of Western Europe and Belarus has determined its fate during World War II. The Germans occupied Pinsk on the second day of the war. This day was in memory of the child for life, as well as numerous, sometimes dramatic, episodes characteristic of the occupied city. Once the little Victor almost shot a German patrol. All three years of occupation Bukata family was in Pinsk.

The joy of liberation has not brought prosperity to the house of bread with sawdust, coupons for scarce products. To otovarit they had 3-4 days queue. US aid - the famous stew - it was perceived as a holiday. This experienced mother and father Bukata, Victor and his brother is still very small. Family Bukata - working-class family, his father before the war worked in a plywood factory, after the war, having been disabled since childhood, went to the postal service, where he worked until retirement.

In 1946, when life became gradually adjusted, Victor went to the first class and all the years of study in a seven-year period took place in his father`s uniform postal employee, as the other clothes in the family was not. All this time had to help the family earn wherever possible: grazing, working in a brick factory on agricultural operations, and at the same time as all the boys, play sports, play football.

Boy Victor wanted to become a geologist. He pulled the romance of the profession. After the seven years he wrote a letter to the Kiev Geological College to take it to the first year. He was told that it could be adopted, but without providing the hostel, which means that it was necessary to pay for housing, which at that time Bukata family could afford not to. Victor remained in Pinsk and entered into the accounting and credit college of the State Bank of the USSR. In college in the same group studied with Victor and Anatoly Milyukov, who in 70-90-ies became one of the most influential economists of the USSR, Doctor of Economics, professor, head of the President of the USSR Mikhail Gorbachev consultants group, and then Chairman of the Supreme Council R.I.Hasbulatova RSFSR, the Vice-President "Mosbusinessbank". In college, Victor met his future wife, Valentina.

Three years of study were combined with active sports: volleyball, athletics, throwing all kinds of sports (disc nucleus of garnet) - all fill the leisure time, improves health, Victor made a very strong, healthy man.

In 1956, after graduating from college V.Bukato has been allocated to the Department of the State Bank of the USSR, and working biography V.Bukato started from August 1 this year, as a financial officer. Since then, he never changed his profession banker.

At the same time, Victor set out to finish the ten-year. While working at the bank, he graduated 10 classes of secondary school, and filed documents once in the two institutions. Diploma graduate college - in the Belarusian Institute of National Economy, Abitur - the Belorussian Polytechnic Institute on energofak. A certain split personality, characteristic of "twins", say - Victor liked profession related to finance and at the same time attracted to technology. In Binh he enlisted in the Polytechnic Faculty offered the peat industry. Peat did not interest him, and he chose Binh.

In 1958 an event occurred which to a large extent changed the fate of the young man. Victor was summoned to the military enlistment office and was asked to write about himself, and above all parents and all relatives. On this call, he soon forgot, life went on as usual, even more so, that learning was successful. No less successfully evolved social life. Victor, an active member of the Komsomol, in the District Party Committee Office recommended that the first secretary of the district committee of the Komsomol. And then, a year after his visit to the military enlistment office, followed by a call. It turns out he has stood the test in the respective instances. For the family, which was for many years in the occupied territories, it was quite surprising. However, it indicated that the biography V.Bukato "pure", as used to say in those days.

It turns out that was typed on the first crew of a nuclear submarine. On the area of ??12 seats were allocated (plus 2 people were in reserve). On the Komsomol worker career automatically puts an end, as a direct call from the Ministry of Defence did not leave any doubt. When Victor came to the assembly point, 12 people have already been recruited. In the recruiting office, Victor said that he could go back. However, Victor insisted that he had to go serve and was sent to a military unit near Kaliningrad, where there was a training of seafarers. Occupation financier, which he had already contributed to the fact that he was attracted to work in the specialty.

During the service a sports guy, active public-V.Bukato was elected Komsomol leader. He headed the Komsomol committee of the school, which consisted of more than 3 thousand people, and who worked on the Rights of the district committee of the Komsomol. Education in the school, he graduated with the rank of sergeant first article was by a teacher in a training team and two years later received a 40 days holiday (30 normal and 10 for excellent service). But the unexpected happened and very unpleasant event. During activities such as canoeing, and Victor was the stroke at 6-oared yawl, he caught a cold, so much so that the further passage of military service was not possible, and the doctors decided his transfer to the reserve.

Victor returned to the civil service. In 1961 he was appointed manager of department of the USSR Construction in Pinsk. In parallel with the work V.Bukato enters the Leningrad Finance and Economics Institute (by correspondence), which ends in 1965 with excellent marks. Then he was appointed manager of the Regional Bureau of the USSR Construction in Mogilev. In this capacity, he worked for 5 years, gaining experience, led the funding is very complex objects.

1970 was the year when V.I.Bukato was transferred to the republican level. He becomes the manager of the Belarusian Republican Office of the USSR Construction in Minsk. This post has equated the Republican Minister, consistent in the Party Central Committee in Moscow. Through his agency was going funding for the construction of the largest facilities of industry: mechanical engineering, energy, large chemical facilities. He had to be directly involved in many experiments, which at that time were active in the "Kosygin" reform. In this position V.Bukato worked for 9 years, in direct contact with the leaders of the first republic. Until now, warm recollections of encounters with the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Belarus Masherov, which by the nature of work, he had to meet very often.

During this period V.I.Bukato prepares the master`s thesis and successfully defended it in the Leningrad Financial-Economic Institute. In 1979 he was invited to Moscow, the deputy chairman of the USSR Construction. In 1984, he became the first deputy chairman. In this capacity, oversaw V.I.Bukato funded through the Construction Bank of the USSR, the country`s main industry: oil, gas, chemical, nuclear, hydro construction, wood processing, construction of Europe`s largest gas pipeline Urengoy-Uzhgorod Pomar, dozens of objects, such as: the construction of KAMAZ, the largest enterprises in Krasnoyarsk, Budennovsk and other cities.

In the mid 80`s Construction Bank of the USSR and its chairman M.S.Zotov spearheading banking reform. Restructuring dictate major changes in the banking sector. The policy of market reforms, which was then no longer a slogan, but a specific task, requires the dismemberment of the banks, the creation of such mechanisms where customers can choose their own bank.

The idea of ??reform was actively supported by Mikhail Gorbachev and Nikolai Ryzhkov, but she is so actively resisted the State Bank of the USSR, which did not wish to share its monopoly on banking. The authors of the reform, and one of them can be rightfully attributed V.I.Bukato, we proposed the creation of four banks, one of which was supposed to lead the industrial and construction sector, the second - the agro-industrial complex, and the third would work with the population, and the fourth would be engaged in foreign economic activity .

In the process, the idea to create an even and the fifth bank which would take over the funding of the social block. At this time, on the initiative of Mikhail Gorbachev created "Housing 2000" program. In Mikhail Gorbachev had the idea to link the program and the establishment of a special bank - "Zhilsotsbank" - into a coherent whole. The Bank`s management was entrusted V.I.Bukato.

At a meeting of the Political Bureau, when considering the question of banking reform, Gorbachev V.I.Bukato admonished: "The cooperative movement is developing, he needed a banking support, here and take it all in their hands." After this appointment V.I.Bukato found himself in a completely new situation for themselves. It seemed that it was only necessary to rejoice: the post, which he took, there was a high rank in the banking world. However, the reason for the headache was quite considerable - all we had to start from scratch. There was no room, no team, no resources. Nevertheless, the decision of the Politburo had to perform, and then for a short time - to create 14 national and 80 regional offices. By the same decision it was assumed that in each of the national and regional centers will be established and the structure of newly ICB, AgropromBank, Sberbank, and this despite a huge staff shortage, when financial professionals released a few faculties and institutes. This preparation was carried out according to the old curriculum, focused on the current in Soviet planning and accounting system of accounting activities, but not designed to work in the banking system under the emerging competition.

Four months have been set aside to create Zhilsotsbank system looked like hell, since in this task faced the interests of the upper echelons of power: the regional and territorial committees, republican party bodies, the heads of the banks themselves. Waged a real struggle for the building in which it was necessary to sit, the equipment had to be purchased, banking technology, which it was necessary to introduce, footage that had to pick up customers who need to get. Of course, there had been plenty of mistakes. There was even a special Politburo commission, which included top officials of the Central Committee, which is to deal with the most difficult situations. However, the deadline Zhilsotsbank in which there were more than 40,000 people, 1000 branches, was established and started functioning.

By 1990, when he clearly felt the trend towards disintegration of the USSR, in V.I.Bukato Zhilsotsbank the idea of ??reform and its corporatization. He actively supported the Deputy Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers L.I.Abalkin. By July 1990, it was prepared and issued a decree of the Council of Ministers on this issue. V.I.Bukato appointed chairman of the restructured bank.

During this period, the Russian authorities are actively preparing proposals for the nationalization of the banking system. Almost simultaneously with the decision of the USSR Council of Ministers Chairman of the RSFSR Supreme Soviet Boris Yeltsin signed the corresponding decree on the nationalization of the banking system in Russia. Two normative documents, which were to determine the rules of the game once again born of the bank, turned out to be highly controversial. On the one hand, the decision of the Central Committee and the Union Council of Ministers, on the other hand, postulates of the Russian leadership. During this period V.I.Bukato "out" on the leadership of the city of Moscow Yuri Luzhkov and G.H.Popova a proposal to reorganize the Zhilsotsbank in such a structure, which would rely on the bank created a network of branches in the regions, customer network in the capital in order to provide financial instruments in areas of integration of the new situation that was developing in the country.

Central Bank of Russia, in the person of its then chairman Matyukhina despite repeated instructions and R.I.Hasbulatova I.S.Silaeva, refused to register the new banking education. The conflict between the bankers was quite obvious that it took the intervention of Boris Yeltsin. "Mosbiznesbank" - a new financial structure was recorded December 13, 1990. Chairman of the Board became V.I.Bukato.

Within a short period of time (2-3 years) "Mosbiznesbank" has become a universal classic bank which is based on 11 thousand shareholders. He was a truly national bank, not affiliated to any political groups. In the same period, the bank earned a very solid international prestige, has been recognized by international and European development banks, received a very tangible credit resources to conduct authorized activities traditionally occupy the leading position among banks in Russia, constantly being in the top ten largest and most efficient operating banks.

In the context of the economic situation at the beginning of 1998 in Russia, for V.I.Bukato were obvious disparity and the unreality of the use of the mechanism of state securities in the long run, the collapse of the proximity of this tool is a real need of consolidation of banking institutions with a view to their successful operation. The crisis of August 17, 1998 blocked the breath of many of the largest Russian banks, including "Mosbiznesbank" - T-bill primary dealer.

The severity of the financial crisis became so obvious, the lack of business inflows so noticeable that the merger of the banks has become a priority. The result was a consolidated decision of Moscow leadership and the Board of Directors of banks on the merger of the Bank of Moscow and Mosbusinessbank in a single financial unit. From this period of time V.I.Bukato becomes Chairman of the Board of Directors Mosbusinessbank and member of the Board of Directors of the Bank of Moscow, which took a controlling stake in the new financial education.

V.I.Bukato - Doctor of Economic Sciences (1993), member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Academician of the International Academy of Management, Academician of the International Academy of Sciences and entrepreneurship, vice-president of the Free Economic Society of Russia, Chairman of the Auditing Commission of the Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs Russia. He was awarded two Orders of Red Banner of Labor, medals and the International Order of St. Constantine the Great.

For years V.I.Bukato is a fan of classical opera and ballet, ancient Russian romances and songs that are classics of the Soviet, especially composers such as N.Bogoslovsky, A.Pahmutova. Among contemporary composers Igor Krutoy highlights. Prefers national cinema, favorite actors - Tikhonov, A.Papanov, E.Leonov, M.Ulyanov. Main literary passion - Russian historical literature. Favorite writers - V.Astafev, V. Rasputin, V.Dudintsev, A. Ivanov.

Lives and works in Moscow.