Vasiliy Vavrik

Picture of Vasiliy Vavrik

Date of Birth: 04/02/1889

Age: 81

Citizenship: Russia


Born in the Austro-Hungarian province of Galicia on March 21 (April 2, Old Style) 1889 in the village of Yasnyshche (now Brody district, Lviv region) in the family of a wealthy farmer. Father, following the tradition of the Galician Russophile, Basil gave the German gymnasium in Brody (since education was forbidden in Austria-Hungary in Russian), after which, in 1912 V.Vavrik entered the Law Faculty of Lviv University.

In 1914, with the outbreak of World War II, like many other Galician Russophile, V.Vavrik was imprisoned in a concentration camp Terezin (denounced chauvinist-Ukrainian [source not specified 196 days]. In Terezin, he became acquainted with Gavrilo Princip, whose shots Sarajevo of Archduke Ferdinand provoked the outbreak of war. Later V.Vavrika transferred to another camp, Talerhof. in the concentration camps, he began writing satirical poems, which described the cruelty and arbitrariness occurred Austrian authorities, edited and distributed clandestinely among prisoners handwritten newspaper.

In late 1915, he was mobilized into the army and sent to the Italian front, where he was taken prisoner. Thanks to the efforts of the Russian ambassador in Italy, V.Vavrik got free and entered the Russian Expeditionary Force who fought in France. In 1917, on the eve of the October revolution Vasily Vavrik moved to Petrograd. Since the beginning of the Russian Civil War, he joined the Volunteer Army, was promoted to captain and headed formed in Rostov-on-Don "Carpatho-Russian force", which, in particular, took part in the offensive against the Reds in the early 1920s, the defense of the Crimea.

After the fall of Baron Wrangel, V.Vavrik moved to Czechoslovakia, was engaged in editing Uzhgorod "Russian Orthodox messenger". In 1921 he enrolled in the Faculty of Philosophy at Charles University in Prague, from which he graduated in 1925 with a degree of Doctor of Slavic Philology with a thesis about the literary group "Russian trinity". Then he returned to the city, and in 1926 received his doctorate in philosophy at the Lviv University. Until 1939, he worked at the old institutions of the Galician Russophile - Stauropegion Institute, was the editor of "Annals Stauropegion Institute." He took an active part in the publication "Talergofskih almanacs" - detailed collections devoted to the destruction of the Austro-Hungarian authorities Carpatho-Russian people. He also wrote a study on the Galician-Russian movement and its leaders - I. N., O. Monchalovskom, D. Markov and others.

After joining the Western Ukrainian lands to the Soviet Union in 1939, all Russophile institutions were abolished by Soviet power, which did not admit the existence of an alternative to the "Ukrainian". Basil Vavrik in 1939-1941 worked as a teacher of Russian language at Lviv University. Since the beginning of the German occupation stavropegic reopened. For participation in Vavrika Soviet underground activities in Lviv Nazis killed two brothers - Peter and Paul.

After the Great Patriotic War Vasily Romanovich taught Russian language at Lviv University, and later worked as a researcher at the Lviv History Museum. He took an active part in the life of the Russian Orthodox parish of the church of St. George in Lviv, in close contact with other Russian Galicians. His attitude to the Soviet authorities joined contradictions - on the one hand, he respected her for what Lions and Moscow united in one state, on the other - opposed the ban Galician-Russian ideology and persecution arranged by this authority on Russian Galician. Vavrik continued to write poems in Russian (literary) language and dialect of his native village. He secretly collaborated with the Carpatho-Russian magazine "Free Speech Carpathian Rus" (editor Michael Turjanytsa, USA), who acted "against the Flesh Tearers and murderers Russian of all colors: clear as independence supporters, and hidden as dissidents or" anti-Communists "" (quotation from magazine programs), as well as a calendar of Carpatho-Lemko Union, which put its research related to Lemke. The Soviet government did not recognize either of the two doctoral degrees obtained abroad, and in 1956 for the degree he had to defend his thesis in philology at Kyiv Taras Shevchenko Institute of Literature of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Later Basil Vavrik retired and lived in a building previously owned stavropegic outside Ivan Fedorov. He died - 5 (according to other sources - 7) in July 1970 and was buried in the "Tomb of the Galician-Russian Writers" at the Lychakiv Cemetery; his archive was transported to Leningrad.