Date of Birth: 03/02/1545
Citizenship: United Kingdom
Thomas Bodley was born March 2, 1545 in Exeter (Exeter), in the penultimate year of the reign of King Henry VIII (Henry VIII). His father, John Bodley (John Bodley) was a merchant and follower of the Church of England, who chose to live abroad during the persecution of Protestants, arranged queen-Catholic Mary Tudor (Mary I). The whole family, and with them 10-year-old Nicholas Hilliard (Nicholas Hilliard), the future famous miniaturist and goldsmith, took refuge in the German town of Wesel (Wesel) and Frankfurt (Frankfurt), and then settled in Geneva (Geneva). There, Thomas had the opportunity to study at the Academy of the French reformer John Calvin (John Calvin), attended lectures of his associate Theodore Beza (Th & # 233; odore de B & # 232; ze) and service Scot John Knox (John Knox). In Geneva, Thomas learned Greek and Hebrew, and these languages ??were Bodley passion throughout life.
In 1558-m Queen Mary died, and ascended the throne young Elizabeth (Elizabeth I). The family was able to return to England (England), and Thomas entered the Oxford College Magdalen (Magdalen College). In 1563 th he received his bachelor`s degree and was soon lecturing to college Merton (Merton College), and in April 1565 th was officially appointed as the first professor in the College of Ancient Greek (later the post became permanent). He worked at several colleges of Oxford and in 1569-m, was elected one of the junior proctors (guards) of the University. In 1576-m Bodley left Oxford with a grant from the college in his pocket and with a license to study abroad, and visited France (France), Italy (Italy) and Germany (Germany). During this visit, Thomas added the French, Italian and Spanish to its already staid linguistic baggage.
Upon returning Bodley was awarded by Queen Elizabeth in 1584 and entered parliament as a member of the Portsmouth (Portsmouth). In 1586 th he represented St. Jermaine (St Germans). The following year, Bodley traveled to Denmark (Denmark), to conclude an alliance with King Frederick II (Frederick II) and several German Princes to help Henry Navarre (Henry of Navarre), the future king of France. In 1587 Bodley married Ann Ball (Ann Ball), a widow with a considerable fortune. He then went to France on a secret mission, and in 1588 went to The Hague (Hague) as the Minister, a post which required great diplomatic skill, as he had to fight not only for the authorities in Holland (Netherlands) to the Royal Spanish house, but and with the intrigues of the other ministers of the Queen. When in 1596-m Bodley was allowed to return to England, he was waiting for the post of Secretary of State. Finding that his appointment is at the crossroads of the interests of powerful nobles, among whom were the Lord High Treasurer William Cecil (William Cecil) and favorite of Queen Earl of Essex (Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex), Bodley chose to retire from public life and return to OksforRazumeetsya, Bodley has long left his job in Oxford, but still had a lot of friends, and in the spring of 1598 the first Merton College has given in his honor by a dinner. Perhaps for this renewed connection dinner with old friends and served for Thomas Bodley stimulus to the restoration of the old Oxford library, founded in 1470, and by the end of the 16th century, which came in a completely collapsed. He offered his services to the university, and they were accepted with gratitude. The rest of his life dedicated Bodley Library, later named after him, and greatly expanded it. Under his leadership, the Bodleian Library was the first public library in Europe. April 18, 1904 by Thomas Bodley was elevated to the dignity of knighthood.
He died on 28 January 1613 in London and was buried in the chapel of Merton College. His monument, made of black and white marble, with columns of books, is on the west wall of the north transept chapel.