Solomon Goldelman

Picture of Solomon Goldelman

Date of Birth: 1885

Age: 89

Place of birth: Magpies

Citizenship: Israel


Early life and political activity in Ukraine

Shulem Goldelman was born in the provincial town of Magpies Bessarabia (now Moldova Soroca district) in 1885. Since 1901 he worked in Kerch newspaper "Southern messenger" (published under the pseudonym "Sig" - the first letters of the name, middle name and surname), he majored in theater criticism. "Poale Zion" became a member of the Zionist Social-Democratic Labour Party in 1905. In 1913 he graduated from the Kiev Institute of Commerce (Graduate School of Commerce). He took part in the February Revolution in Ukraine was in the Ukrainian Social-Democratic Labour Party. During these years, published in Russian and Ukrainian languages, under the name "C. Zolotarenko ".

In February 1917, he was appointed head of the Ukrainian department of the Ministry of Labor of the Provisional Government (in the six provinces of Ukraine). In April, at the initiative of Goldelmana southwestern department of the party "Poale Zion" declared Ukrainian Central Rada in June 1917 years, he was elected a member of the Ukrainian Central Rada and its more narrow composition (executive body) - Minor Parliament from the party "Poale Zion". The Ukrainian government first deputy general director was labor secretary.

From May to November, 1918 - during the hetman - Goldelman headed Odessa edition of the official organ of "Poale Zion" newspaper "Undzer lebm" (Our life) in Yiddish. In November, he supported the rebellion against hetman Skoropadskogo. At his suggestion, November 10, 1918 Directors adopted a resolution on national-personal autonomy for national minorities of Ukraine. In December of the same year (after the fall of the Hetman) has once again become a companion (ie deputy) Secretary of Labor and Acting Secretary for Minority Affairs before being appointed to the post on December 26 Abram Revutskiy (1889-1946). The following composition of the government was the Deputy Minister of Labour, then Deputy Minister of Trade and Industry in the Government V. Chekhov, with whom at the beginning of 1919, has resigned.

In April 1919, after the resignation of the government Ostapenko, Goldelman again became an expert on labor and trade in the cabinet B. Martos, then Deputy Minister of Labour at the Ivan Mazepa. Nakonets in 1920 it again and have finally resigned because of disagreement with the territorial concessions to the President of the UNR A. Levitsky and Head Ataman Petliura on the negotiations with Poland.


In 1920-1922 he lived first in Poland, then in Vienna, he worked at the Ukrainian Institute of Sociology and the Ukrainian Free Academy, he began to actively publish in Ukrainian emigre press and in periodicals in Yiddish. Published in Vienna in Yiddish (then also in German and Ukrainian languages), his first book, "John goles ba di ukrainer: Brive Fung and idishn social democracy" (in Ukrainian scattering: the letter of the Jewish Social-Democrat, 1921).

In 1922 he moved to Prague, where he joined the editorial board of the magazine "New Ukraine" and until 1929 worked as an assistant professor, and since 1925 professor at the Faculty of Economics and business Ukrainian business and the Ukrainian Academy of Techno-Economic Institute in Podebrady. In 1922, the Ukrainian language has published the work "Anti-Semitism, Jewish Bolshevism and policy", in 1930 - "Essays on the socio-economic structure of the Jewish people." Over 1920 selected articles Goldelmana published in Soviet periodicals in Russian.

In 1930-1939 he was the activist Zionist organizations in Prague, founded a small private publishing house (