Sanatana Gosvami

Picture of Sanatana Gosvami

Citizenship: India


Jiva Goswami at the end of his commentary on the "Srimad Bhagavatam" "laghu Vaishnava tosani", gives the following story kind of Sanatana Goswami:

Sarvagya was Yajur Vedic Brahmin, a descendant of the dynasty, originating from Rishi Bharadvaja. He was the most respected Brahmin in Karnataka. He became king of the county in 1381. He was so formed that became famous as "Jagad-guru," or "Teacher of the world." His son Aniruddha became king in 1416. In Aniruddha he had two wives, the queen, by whom he had one son, Rupeshvara and Harihara. Rupeshvara was a great scholar in the various fields of science, especially in all sections of the scriptures. His brother Harihara was also highly educated and very well versed in the texts relating to the royal policy. Together with his wife Rupeshvara left in Karnataka Paurastyu. There he became a friend of the king, Raja Sri Shekhareshvary. In Rupeshvara Padmanabha was born, which became a great pandit in the Vedic scriptures. Padmanabha settled in Navahatte, on the banks of the Ganges in Bengal. He had eight daughters and five sons. All his sons were also experts in the scriptures. Their names were Purushottam, Jagannath, Narayana and Mukunda Murari. The younger son, Mukunda, moved to Fateyabad near Jessore in Bakla Chandradwip Paragane. Son Mukundadevy called Kumaradeva. He had many children. Among them were Rupa, Sanatana and Anupama.

Sanatana Goswami was born in 1488, and his younger brother Rupa Goswami - in 1493-m.

Rupa and Anupama were educated in a village called Sakurma located near the capital of Bengal (which in those days was known as Gouda). When their father died, they moved to live in the house of his maternal uncle. Sanatana was the eldest son Kumaradevy, Rupa was his second son, as Anupama - the youngest son. Jiva was the only son of Anupama. Sanatana and Rupa - the names that gave the two brothers Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, as they later became his disciples. Their former names are unknown. Some sources claimed that their original names were Amara and Santosha respectively.

Three brothers, Sanatana, Rupa and Anupama were immersed in Krishna lila in early childhood, remembering that they were playing in the woods. Trees Tamal, Keli-Kadamba, and Tulsi surrounded the house in which they grew up. In the middle of thickets of trees are ponds, which they gave the names of the sacred lakes in Vrindavan Radha-kunda and Syama-kunda. Thus, they are constantly immersed in the remembrance and service to Krishna.

Until then ruler of Bengal, Hussain Shah, heard rumors about the abilities of Rupa and Sanatana. Learning of their glory, the Shah invited them to certain positions in the government, to which they agreed.

In those days, for the Indians it was in the order of things to occupy positions in the government of the Muslim kings. Among the Indians, who had agreed to go to serve in the government of the Shah, there were many Vaishnava mentioned in "Chaitanya-caritamrta" and other writings. These included: Keshava Vasu Khan, who served in the city of Shah master, or commissioner of police in Bengal; Gopinath Vasu and Purandara Khan served as Prime Minister; Mukunda Kaviraja was a doctor; Keshava Chatri - royal diplomat and adviser to the king. Sanatana became known as Sakara Mallik and was appointed personal secretary Shah. Mallik means "lord", it was a title that Muslims are often rewarded and respected members of wealthy families who have had close ties with the government. Rupa became known as Dabir Khas and was appointed by the customs officials and the Secretary of the Treasury Hussain Shah. Anupama was a senior manager of the king`s mint. For their service they received from the Shah`s large salary and soon amassed great wealth.

According to Hindu customs of the time, if a person spoke with the Muslims, it was considered profane and was to make a cleansing ceremonies. Sanatana Goswami, however, always talked with Muslims and did not pay attention to the then customs believing that fell from the level of the Brahmanical varna. He always seemed fallen, which is seen as a manifestation of his Vaishnava humility. For this he was praised in "Chaitanya-caritamrta," as well as by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.

Rupa and Sanatana settled in Ramakeli that in 1486 Sultan Barbak made the capital of Bengal. Currently Ramakeli located in the district of Maldah in West Bengal, eight kilometers from the railway station Maldah. In Ramakeli lived many famous Vaishnava leaders, including the son of Advaita Acharya Nrisimha.

Rupa and Sanatana visited by many famous scientists and Brahmins. They came not only from the neighboring Nabadwip, and from Bengal, but also because of its limits, in particular from Karnataka. One of these pundits had Vidyavachaspati. He became a teacher of Rupa and Sanatana in the philosophy and writings. Vidyavachaspati was the brother of the great Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya Pandit, who was known for his erudition across India.

When Rupa and Sanatan heard about the amazing deeds of Chaitanya in Navadvipa nearby, they felt an urge to meet him.

When Sanatana was very young, he had a dream. In this dream he saw a Brahmin. Brahman gave him "Srimad-Bhagavatam." When Sanatana received the book, he experienced divine ecstasy and his hair stood on end. In this dream she stopped. The next morning, Sanatana bathed and started a morning puja. At this time, there was Brahmin, who was carrying in the hands of "Srimad-Bhagavatam." Approaching the Sanatana, the brahmana said, "Take this," Bhagavata ". Constantly studying it and you will attain perfection. " Having said these words, the Brahmin gave him the book and left. When Sanatana was sacred "Srimad-Bhagavatam," his spiritual ecstasy seized. From that day Sanatana studied only the "Srimad Bhagavatam", setting aside other scriptures. In his "Krishna lila shutter" he wrote:

"O holy" Bhagavata ", only you with me now, you`re my only friend, and my guru. You - my greatest treasure, my savior, you are a symbol of my great good fortune, the present incarnation of my ecstasy. I offer my respectful obeisances unto you. "

It is described that when the news spread that Caitanya took sannyasa and went to Puri, Rupa and Sanatana fainted. Never saw Chaitanya in Navadvipa, they were suppressed by the fact that he left Bengal. Then they heard a divine voice: "Do not worry. Merciful Gauranga will soon come back here. " On hearing this voice, they held their peace.

After spending five years in Puri, Chaitanya wanted to return to Bengal with a view again to see the Ganges and visit his mother. It is described that when he arrived in Nabadwip, joy knew no bounds Vaishnava.

Chaitanya stopped for a few days in the house of Advaita Acharya in Santipura, and then continued on his way to Ramakeli. In the "Chaitanya-caritamrta" This is explained as follows:

"When Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu continued on his way out of Kuliya Vrindavan, thousands of people followed him, and they were all devotees. Wherever the Lord appeared, countless crowds of people came to see him. When they saw Him, all their unhappiness and grief all disappear off. Wherever the Lord touched the earth with His lotus feet, people immediately came and collected dust. And they were so numerous that along the road left a lot of holes. "

Chaitanya continued on his way and came to Ramakeli. Making it public chanting of the names "sankirtana" Krishna Chaitanya danced and sometimes fainted from the love of God. While he was in Ramakeli, countless people came from everywhere to look at him. When the Muslim ruler of Bengal heard Chaitanya attracted innumerable people, he was very astonished. His personality interested Chaitanya and he began to ask Rupa and Sanatana about it. They said that since he was a king, and therefore the representative of God, he himself had to know better than anyone else, who is Chaitanya. After that, the Muslim king said something like this: "A man who goes for so many people who are not getting a penny from it, must be a prophet." He told the judge: "Do not harass the Indian prophet. Let him do it anywhere. "

Chaitanya stopped to rest under a tree on the banks of the Ganges. With him were only the most intimate associates. In the evening, there came Sanatana Goswami and Rupa Goswami. They met Nityananda and Haridas Thakur, who reported Chaitanya of their arrival. As a sign of great humility, Rupa and Sanatana took on a blade of grass in his teeth and, having tied neck cloth, fell like the stick in front of Chaitanya. Seeing Chaitanya, they were filled with joy and began to cry. Chaitanya asked them to rise up and bless them. They got up and without taking breath blades, humbly offered up their prayers with folded hands. They said, "All glories to Sri Krishna Chaitanya, the most merciful savior of the fallen souls. All the glory of the Lord. "

Then they introduced themselves: "Sir, we belong to the lowest class of people, and our circle of friends and positions also belong to the lowest type. Therefore, we can not introduce you. We are ashamed to stand before you. Dear Lord, You incarnated to deliver the fallen souls. You must understand that no one has fallen so low in the world, as we are. In fact, we belong to the caste of meat-eaters because we serve meat-eaters. Since we are dealing with them, we ourselves have become enemies of the cows and Brahmins. "

They continued to pray Chaitanya Mahaprabhu: "No one in the universe can not liberate us. You are the savior of the fallen souls. Only you can save us. If you release the sinners such as we, the glory of thy mercy will scatter all over the world. You came to save the most fallen. Best fallen - it is us. If you spill on us His mercy, each will witness this grace, and your mission is to save the most fallen succeed. Although we are not worthy to find your mercy, we want it with all my heart. "

Chaitanya Mahaprabhu said this: "My dear Dabhir Khasa and Sakara Mallika, you are both my old servant. From this day you will be called by Rupa and Sanatana. Please stop showing me your humility, because of this, my heart is torn apart. You wrote me a lot of good and modest letters, of which I was able to understand everything that concerns you. I came to Bengal with the sole purpose to see you. Everybody asks why I came to Ramakeli, because no one knows what I came here for the sake of seeing you. Well, you came to visit me. And now you can go home. Do not be afraid: life for life, you have my eternal servants. I am sure that Krishna will soon set you free. "

Then Chaitanya blessed them, laying their hands on their heads, and Rupa and Sanatana touched their heads his feet. At the sight of this, all those present there Vaishnava rejoiced and began to chant the names of Krishna. There have been many close associates of Chaitanya, including Nityananda, Haridas Thakur, Srivasa Thakura, Gadadhara, Mukunda, Jagadananda, Murari Gupta and Vakresvara Pandit. Then, at the direction of Chaitanya, Rupa and Sanatana touched the feet of each of the Vaishnava, who congratulated the two brothers with the fact that they have acquired the mercy of Chaitanya. After receiving permission from the Vaishnava, Rupa iSanatana present there were about to leave, but not before Chaitanya said the following: "O Lord, although the ruler of Bengal, Hussain Shah, treats you with a certain respect, your mission is completed; therefore, we humbly ask you to leave, so as not kakoe-nibud misfortune happened to you and your devotees. King could respect you, but it is a meat-eater and a Muslim, and therefore by nature inimical to the cows and Brahmins. He can not always be trusted. We humbly believe that there is no need to go to Vrindavan with such a huge crowd of people. Vrindavan - place simple and beautiful, there is no pomp and pomposity. We believe that it is best not to go there on pilgrimage to the hundreds and thousands of followers. "

At night, Sanatana Chaitanya pondered proposal and decided to go to Vrindavan alone or with someone else together. Immersed in such thoughts, Chaitanya returned to Puri.

In the "Chaitanya-caritamrta" describes how Sanatan Goswami was able to leave his government duties and settle in Vrindavan. Under the pretext of illness, he left his post and started studying at home, "Srimad-Bhagavatam," along with the other Vaishnavas. When the doctor noticed this Shah, who came to Sanatana and demanded that Sanatana accompanied him to Orissa. Sanatana declined, and Shah ordered imprison him. With the help of money sent by Rupa Goswami, Sanatana bribed the jailer and fled. Then, along with his servant Ishan, he went to Benares to meet Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. On the way they stopped at the hotel, where realized that its owner wants to kill them collect gold coins, which they carry with them. Sanatana then ordered to give Ishan innkeeper every last coin, had their, and in return ask for help to get through the jungle. The innkeeper was touched, and being the leader of the local gangsters, helped them get through the jungles and mountains of Hazaribagh. In a society Ishan, Sanatana visited his son-Sri Kant. Seeing that his brother in law is on the run and became a beggar, Sri Sanatana Kant offered to stay with him, but Sanatana declined. When Sanatana Goswami was leaving Sri Kant gave him a luxurious wool blanket.

When Sanatana reached Benares, he met Chaitanya house Candrasekhara. Chaitanya told him to shave off his beard and long hair. Sanatana obrilsya and put on clothes babaji taking old clothes from Tapan Mishra. When he realized that he did not approve of Chaitanya when Babaji in the robes of a beggar is a nice expensive woolen blanket, he changed it to a blanket torn quilt of a poor Brahmin, who met on the banks of the Ganges. Chaitanya was pleased with the humility and obedience of Sanatana and for some time gave him the philosophical teachings.

Chaitanya told Sanatana details on the status of the soul in the material world and the original nature of the soul as an eternal servant of Krishna. He explained the different energies of Krishna - svarupa-sakti, maya-sakti and tatashtha shakti. He described the relative position of karma, jnana and bhakti, recounting the parable about astrology Sarvage. He showed that the main purpose of all scripture is Krishna and his service. Then Chaitanya described the original position of Krishna as the Supreme Personality of Godhead. He discussed all different shapes, quality, complete and partial avatars of Krishna. He spoke about the spiritual worlds of Goloka and Vaikuntha, and described the riches of God in Vaikuntha and His beauty in Vrindavan. They also discussed the illusion of Brahma. Then Chaitanya described the means to achieve Krishna-prema, pure love of God. He spoke of two kinds of jivas and explained that karma, jnana yoga and bhakti are useless without. He explained to the six kinds of bhakti and showed the futility of varnasrama without Krishna. He spoke of the divine grace of Krishna and explained how Krishna is as diksha-guru, siksa-guru and guru chhaytya to bestow enlightenment surrendered souls. He explained the development of faith, three categories of bhaktas, twenty-six qualities of a pure Vaishnava and the three characteristic features of a true Vaishnava. Chaitanya pointed kindness as first quality Vaishnava and brought examples of Haridas Thakur and Vasudeva Datta.

Chaitanya explained that association with sadhus sure to get Krishna-bhakti and Krishna-prema, while poor communication damages the development of the love of God. They discussed, which means devotion and self-denial, as well as the quality of the liberated soul.

Then Chaitanya told about the two stages of sadhana-bhakti vaidhi-sadhana-bhakti and raganuga-sadhana-bhakti. He described the sixty four aspects of sadhana-bhakti, highlighting the five most important: association with devotees, chanting the holy name, the hearing "Srimad-Bhagavatam," the worship of the Deity, and life in a holy place.

They also discussed the nine different methods of bhakti-yoga and bhakti made perfect with each of them. Then Chaitanya explained the internal and external development of raganuga-sadhana-bhakti, bhava-bhakti and prema-bhakti, along with nine stages of sadhana, bhava-bhaktas quality and quality of prema-bhakti.

Then Chaitanya explained sixty-four qualities of Krishna, and the value of true and false renunciation. He stressed the importance of communication with the saintly persons and as an example tells the story of Narada and the hunter.

Chaitanya Mahaprabhu explained fully the spiritual position of Krsna, the nature of the jiva, the nature of bhakti and the highest perfection - the love of God. He also gave sixty-one different interpretation of the verse "atmarama" of "Srimad-Bhagavatam."

Enlighten Sanatana about all the truths of bhakti, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu ordered him to write books on devotional service, to establish proper employment and standards of conduct for Vaishnavas, installed the murti and talk about appropriate rules of worship to them, and find the forgotten holy places of pilgrimage in Vrindavan.

[Edit] Travel to Vrindavan and Puri

After meeting with Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and receive instruction, formed the basis of the writings, he wrote later, Sanatana Goswami had gone to Vrindavan. After that he went to Puri through Dzhharikhanda jungle. Picking a skin disease, he felt insulted by his touch Chaitanya and decided to commit suicide by throwing himself under the chariot of Jagannatha during the Ratha-yatra, but Caitanya did not approve of suicide and saved Sanatana. Later Sanatana Goswami met Haridas Thakur and learned from him about the death of his brother Anupama.

In the "Chaitanya-caritamrta" tells how, while living in Puri, Sanatana Goswami offered up praise to Haridas Thakur. When Jagadananda Pandita Sanatana offered to leave Vrindavan, Chaitanya did not approve of this and glorified exalted qualities of Sanatana Goswami told him to stay in Puri for another year.

Later, when Jagadananda Pandit went to Vrindavan, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu gave his subordinate Sanatana Goswami. Jagadananda Pandit very angry with Sanatana for the fact that he was wearing a red turban, presented no Chaitanya and other sannyasis, but the deepest devotion Sanatana reassured him. While Sanatana Goswami noticed that red clothes do not fit sannyasis belonging to the Gaudiya Vaishnava, because its wear Mayavadis - followers of Shankaracharya`s school. Since that time, out of respect for the words of Sanatana Goswami, Gaudiya Vaishnava sannyasis used as a saffron color of renunciation. When Sanatana Goswami went back to Vrindavan, he was reunited with Rupa Goswami. Both were there to carry out the instructions of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Acts of Rupa and Sanatana Goswami in Vrindavan described Krsnadasa Kaviraja Goswami in "Chaitanya-caritamrta":

"The brothers do not have a permanent place of residence. They lived under the trees - one night under one tree and the next - under the other. Srila Rupa and Sanatana Goswami asked in homes Brahmins some food. Renouncing any physical pleasure, they only ate crackers and fried chickpeas. With them they were just vessels for water and dressed in ragged blankets. They always chant the holy names of Krishna and discussed his game. And they were dancing, rejoicing with joy. Lord, they served almost twenty-four hours a day. They slept normally for only one and a half hours, and there were days when they constantly chant the holy name of the Lord and did not sleep at all. Sometimes they write transcendental literatures about devotional service and sometimes listened to Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and spend time thinking about the Lord. When the personal associates of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu heard about the activities of Rupa and Sanatana Goswami, they said: "How can surprise the person who received the grace of the Lord? "

Among other instructions, Chaitanya instructed Sanatana to arrange the worship of Krishna murti. The `Bhakti Ratnakara "describes how Sanatana Goswami, being in Vrindavan, began to worship Madana Mohana.

In Mahavana, next to the place in Vrindavan, where Krishna was born, Sanatana Goswami has built a straw hut, which usually made his daily bhajan. One day, coming out into the street to beg, he came to a small village on the banks of the Yamuna, and at this point Madana Mohana Deva played on the banks of the river with a few gopas - little boys. Seeing Sanatana, he cried: "Father! Baba! "Without ceasing to scream, he ran for Sanatana Goswami, grabbed his arm and said," Take me with you. I want to be with you".

- Kid, why do you want to go with me?

- I want to live with you.

- If you`re going to live with me, then what are you going to eat?

- What are you eating?

- Only dry chapatis and rice.

- Then I will also have it, Baba.

- Even if you want this food, you still can not live with me. You have to live with his father and mother.

- But a woman! I want to live with you.

After making sure that the boy understood him, Sanatana sent him home and then went to collect alms.

That night he had a boy, a dream all the time he burst into laughter. He took Sanatana`s hand and said, "Baba, my name is Madana Mohana. Tomorrow I will come to you. " Having said this, Madana Mohana disappeared, and Sanatana awoke. He shook such ecstasy that it seemed as if the soul departs from the body. He thought, "What I have seen! I have never seen such a beautiful boy. " In his mind he did not stop to remember Sri Hari. When he opened the door to the Kutir, he found that the threshold is amazing Deity of Sri Madana Mohana. Deity was to the point very well that shine from it diverged everywhere.

Sanatana Goswami for some time stood quite shocked, but after a while he came to himself, and then the tears of ecstasy poured from his eyes and washed underneath the ground. After that, he began to worship the Deity with abhishek ceremony. When Rupa Goswami saw that wonderful deity, he was filled with Prema.

Sanatana served as a deity in his thatched hut. Rupa Goswami sent a messenger with good news about what happened in Chaitanya Puri.

Putting it all day begging, Sanatana Goswami was returning to his thatched hut in the evening and offered to the deity few dry chapatis. Sometimes he even cooked for them shak or other vegetable dishes. In lyudom case, he never cooked vegetables or butter, no salt. Most often, he offered only chapatis and as a result, became very sad, because he thought himself unable to properly worship the deity. But he just did not have the money for it, because chtoChaytanya Mahaprabhu gave him a service: to write books on devotional service. At the same time he had the whole day to collect alms. When he did find time for it to come out and ask for butter and salt? Discouragement did not leave the Sanatana Goswami. As Paramatma Krishna knew that gnaws Sanatana. Madana Mohana thought, "I am eating dry chapatis, and Sanatana why not find a place. He wants to serve me as king, he did not, and he believes that his ministry from such useless. "

At that time, there lived a rich merchant from the Kshatriya caste named Sri Krishna Dasa Kapoor. He was going to Mathura on business and went down the Yamuna on the big ship. When the ship hit a sandbank and to continue the way it was impossible, he thought, as much as possible to get out of this situation. Krishna Dasa Kapoor heard from the locals that live in Vrindavan great sadhus, who can help, and that his name was Sanatana Goswami. When Krishna Dasa Kapoor came to him, Sanatana was sitting in his hut, chto-to wrote it was a loincloth, asceticism and renunciation completely exhausted his body. Sanatana offered his guest to sit down on the mat. Krishna Dasa Kapoor turned to Sanatana, "Baba! Pour me your mercy. "

Sanatana replied, "I`m just a beggar. What can I give you mercy? "

"I only ask for your blessings. My ship ran into a bank in the Yamuna, and I do not know how to move. "

"I do not know anything about this. Tell all this Madana Mohana. "

Krishna Dasa Kapoor offered obeisances to the deity of Madana Mohana and said: "O Madana Mohan Dev! If you spill on me His mercy and to release my vessel, that all the profits from this transaction I will give to serve you. " Fuss this prayer, Kapoor retired.

On that day, was raided by a strong storm, the sky poured rain, and the water level in Yamuna rose. The water rose higher and higher, and finally ship Kapoor got away from the shallows and continued its way down the river. Krishna Dasa Kapoor described the incident as the mercy of Madana Mohana. With its cargo, he received a huge profit and donated it to build a temple for the luxury Madana Mohana, including warehouse for top-notch food supplies to the Lord was pleased.

Since that time Madana Mohan served po-korolevski. Shortly after this, Sanatana Goswami accepted Krishna Dasa Kapoor as his disciple.

Temple Madan Mohan stands today, it is an important place of pilgrimage for the Gaudiya Vaishnava.

Speaking about the importance of the deity of Madana Mohana, Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada writes:

"Srila Sanatana Goswami - the perfect spiritual master, because it provides people a refuge at the lotus feet of Madana Mohana. Even if a person can not come to Vrindavan because of the fact that he had forgotten his relationship with the Supreme Personality of Godhead, he still might be able to live in Vrindavan and get all spiritual benefits by the mercy of Sanatana Goswami. "

Similarly, Krishna Dasa Kaviraja Goswami prays:

"Thank merciful Radha Madan-Mohan! I am lame and ill-advised people, but they sent me their lotus feet are everything to me. "

Kaviraja Goswami also says:

"These three deities of Vrindavan (Madana Mohana deity Sanatana Goswami, Govinda, the deity of Rupa Goswami, and Gopinath deity Raghunath Das Goswami) absorbed the essence of the Gaudiya Vaishnava (Chaitanya`s followers). I worship their lotus feet, because they are - masters of my heart. " "

Translating comment Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati, Srila Prabhupada writes:

"Author" Chaitanya-caritamrta "expresses their respects to three Deities of Vrindavan Sri Radha Madan-Mohan, Shri Radha-Govinda Dev and Sri Radha-Gopinathaji. These three Deities - whole life and soul of the Bengali Vaisnavas, or Gaudiya Vaishnava, which themselves may live in Vrindavan. Gaudiya Vaishnava who strictly follow Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu worship the Divine, chanting transcendental sounds meant to develop a sense of transcendental relationships with the Supreme Lord, the relationship in the races, mutual love and, ultimately, achieve the desired result - loving service. These three Deities are worshiped in three different stages of development. The followers of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu carefully follow these guidelines. Gaudiya Vaishnava perceive higher purpose through Vedic hymns composed of eighteen transcendental letters, which expressed love for Krishna as Madana Mohana, Govinda and Gopijanavallabha. "

Madana Mohana means "charming Cupid, god of love." Govinda - "pleasing the senses and the cows" and Gopindzhanavallabha - "transcendental lover of the gopis." Krishna Himself is called Madana-Mohana, Govinda, Gopijanavallabha and countless other names, when he played a variety of games with his devotees. Three Deities - Madana Mohana, Govinda and Gopijanavallabha - have a special quality. Worship of Madana Mohana is at Jiva restore forgotten relationship with the Personality of Godhead. At the beginning of the spiritual life it is recommended to worship Madana Mohana, so he was able to attract and eliminate the attachment to the satisfaction of the physical senses. This relationship with Madana Mohana necessary for neophytes. When one wants to do the service of the Lord, and he has a strong attachment, then he worships Govinda, being at the level of transcendental service. Govinda - the source of all pleasures. When by the grace of Krishna and other devotees person reaches perfection in devotional service, he can appreciate Krishna as Gopijanavallabha (Gopinath) deity pleasurable gopis of Vraja.

Chaitanya Mahaprabhu explained this state of devotional service in three stages, and therefore these deities, which have since worshiped, were installed in Vrindavan several Goswami.

In the introduction to "Chaitanya-caritamrta" Bhaktivedanta Swami explains these questions on:

"In the" Chaitanya-caritamrta "Krsnadasa first expresses reverence Madana Mohana-vigraha (Deity Sanatana Goswami), the Deity who can help us progress in Krsna consciousness. By practicing Krsna consciousness, we first need to know what is Krsna and what is our relationship with Him. Know Krishna - is to know yourself, know yourself - is know your relationship with Him. Because these relationships can be understood by worshiping Madana Mohana-vigraha, Krsnadasa Kaviraja first establishes his relationship with Him.

When a relationship is established, Krsnadasa worshiping the Deity action - Govinda (Rupa Goswami`s Deity).

Krsnadasa Kaviraja Goswami says that the Deities of Radha and Krishna (Radha-Govinda) show us how to serve Radha and Krishna. Deities Madana Mohana simply establish that "I am Your eternal servant." With Govinda, however, you can actually take the service, and therefore He is called the Divine action.

Gopinath Deity - is Krishna as the host of the owner of the gopis. He attracted all the gopis, or cowherd girls, the sound of his flute, and when they come, He danced with them. Therefore, Krishna called Gopinatha because He - the beloved Mr. Gopi.

This progression - Krishna or Madana Mohana, Radha-Govinda, Radha-Gopinath - is also present in three key words vosemnadtsatislozhnoy Krishna-Gayatri. This is explained in the notes to the Jiva Goswami Gayatri mantra, which form part of his commentary on the "Brahma-samhita" translated Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati.

Jiva Goswami explains that mantra is composed of six members and that "Krishna" in the mantra refers to `Krishna-svarupa, "or language Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati," the true nature of Krishna "(Madan Mohan). The second element of the mantra, or the second Person of the manifested Krishna (Govinda) - is "krsnas Chinmaya vraja-lila-avilasa-svarupa": "the true nature of Krishna`s pastimes in Vrindavan."

The Third Person of Krishna - a Gopijanavallabha (Gopinath) - Krishna, who is very dear to the gopis.

Therefore it is said that in the mantra "Klim Krishna Govind, Gopijanavallabha ..." "Krishna" - is Madan Mohan, the first object of worship, submitted sambandha-jnana, which acharya - Sanatana Goswami; "Govinda" - is Krsna, surrounded by a group of close servants. Because Govinda accepts the service of a devotee, he is a deity abidheya-tattva, whose acharya - Rupa Goswami. "Gopijanavallabha" in the mantram refers to Gopinatha, the great dance master race, in which all the gopis. This is the highest goal, or prayojana, whose acharya - Raghunatha dasa Goswami. Raghunatha dasa Goswami, the acharya of the highest goal of life, accepts Rupa Goswami (acharya abidhei) as their highest aim, and thus shows the way to achieve the highest goal. Rupa Goswami in his turn always bows before Sanatana Goswami (sambandhi acharya), whom he considered as his spiritual master.

In his comments to the conversation between Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and Ramananda Raya, Bhaktivinoda develops this theme further. Bhaktivedanta Swami translates his comment as follows:

"The mantra klim Kamadeva vidmahe pushpabanaya dhimahi tan but nangah Prachodayat Krishna called Kamadeva or Madana Mohana, the Deity who establishes our relationship with Krishna. Govinda, or puspa-ban, which is the arrow of flowers - is the Personality of Godhead, accepts our devotional service. Ananga or Gopijanavallabha satisfies all the gopis and is the highest goal of life. "

Bhaktivinoda Thakur in his "Anubhasya" - comments on "Chaitanya-caritamrta," further explains this version based on Jiva Goswami comments on the verse "Brahma-samhita":

"Atha venuninadasya trayimurtimayi gatih,

sphuranti praviveshashu mukhabdzhani sarodzhadzhah.

In this verse is described as Brahma heard the flute of Krishna in the form of the Gayatri Mantra.

Bhaktisiddhanta translates "trayimurti gatih" as follows: Gayatri - "the mother of the three Vedas."

Bhaktivinoda Thakur explains that in this verse the word "trayimurti gatih" means