Date of Birth: 05/10/1882
Place of birth: Worcester
Citizenship: United States
The founder of modern rocketry
Goddard was born in Worcester, Massachusetts (Worcester, Massachusetts), in the family Nehama Danford Goddard (Nahum Danford Goddard) and Fanny Louise Hoyt (Fannie Louise Hoyt). Robert was the only child in the family who was able to relive his childhood; his younger brother was born with a serious spinal injury and did not live a year. From an early age, Robert showed extraordinary interest in nature in general and in particular the heavens; he spent a lot of time with his father`s telescope, watching the sky and the flight of birds. A very active boy, Goddard often lost in nature; during their walks and adventures he, among other things, has become an excellent marksman.
Goddard showed great interest and electricity - just as the US began arriving in the city; it attracted a lot of the exact sciences, engineering and technology. Goddard put Koe-kakie experiments at home - he worked with electricity, the telescope, the microscope and put chemical experiments. Even then, Robert entailed sky; however, more kites and balloons thing at this stage is not reached. Interest in space in Robert awakened `War of the Worlds` ( `The War of the Worlds`) HG Wells (HG Wells).
On the Goddard study he coped well, although many health problems that do not contribute. The boy was suffering from stomach problems, bronchitis, colds and even a number of different diseases; as a result of their peers in learning, he fell behind on tselyh2 year.
The 1904th Robert enrolled in the Worcester Polytechnic Institute. He quickly managed to impress the head of the local Department of Physics - and he made his assistant in one of the laboratories. The 1908th Goddard received his BS in Physics; having worked for 3 years as an instructor, he continued his studies at Clark University Worcester. The 1910th Goddard received a master`s degree in the 1911th - the title of the physical sciences. The 1912th Robert moved to Princeton University.
Right up close to the first serious breakthrough Robert in 1913; alas, a serious tuberculosis forced him to leave Princeton and return to Worcester for treatment. Doctors were convinced that Goddard would not survive, but he coped with the disease - and, moreover, brought to the end of their studies.
The 1914th Robert Goddard received two fundamentally important for the future work of the patent - a patent for a multi-stage rocket solid fuel and liquid fuel rocket. Patents do not have Robert for the last - all he owns 214 patents, and part of it has been received posthumously, through the efforts of his wife.
Launch of the first rocket using liquid fuel Robert made March 16, 1926 in Auburn, Massachusetts (Auburn, Massachusetts), on the farm of Aunt Effie. The rocket rose into the air for 12 meters in 2.5 seconds and fell in cabbage field, 56 meters away from the start. Particularly impressive this achievement can not look, but the principle onoprodemonstrirovalo clear - to show everyone that the launch of rockets with liquid fuel, in principle, possible.
Goddard became famous as their theoretical research and engineering activities; it was created by a number of individual elements that have made it possible to fly a rocket in principle. Robert Goddard was one of the founders of modern astronautics; patented them in the 1914th concept of multi-stage rockets and missiles with liquid fuel still play a key role in the rocket. The 1919th Robert Goddard published a monograph `A Method of Reaching Extreme Altitudes`, is still considered one of the key works on rocketry. In addition, it was Robert Goddard was able to successfully apply in their work the concept of three-axis control, gyroscopes and thrusters.
Despite the fact that, in its domain, Robert made a uniform revolution, particularly the support of the public in their research and development it is not used. The press of his theory of space flights are often simply ridiculed. As a result, Goddard became relatively closed and began to carefully protect the details of your work and life. Deserved recognition came to Robert after his death - and after the start of the space age. His time is clearly ahead of Robert Goddard; so he predicted the possibility of using rockets for atmospheric research, ballistics and travels in space, simultaneously brought under its most serious nauchnyybazis research and engineering base.
New experiments Goddard attracted more and more attention; It was from the new glory and benefit - so that he became interested in Robert Charles Lindbergh (Charles Lindbergh), who subsequently proved invaluable in further experiments - but also harm enough. Some additional financial flows Robert found, although the crisis of 1929, and it made it difficult to find sponsors. Alas, Lindberg was one of the few who were able to evaluate the work of Goddard appreciated; for the most part finding Robert appeared in America chem-to either implausible or useless.
The 1930th Goddard moved to Roswell, New Mexico (Roswell, New Mexico); The following 11 years were probably the most productive period of his life - a scientist and engineer actively developed their theories, often spending new launches. Compared with German colleagues, Robert showed the results are not particularly strong, but in itself to achieve greater heights his goal never was - Goddard tried to bring to the ideal state of the engine, so the system control the missile.
Robert was well aware that poor health will sooner or later lead him - and, as a consequence, tried to get on with life as much as possible. Work on the Fleet in Maryland (Maryland) further aggravated his condition; in 1945th Robert was diagnosed with cancer. Scientists continue to work on; He died in August 1945 in Baltimore, Maryland (Baltimore, Maryland).