Date of Birth: 11/20/1917
Place of birth: Nort- Wilkesboro
Citizenship: United States
Robert Carlyle Byrd born as Cornelius Calvin Sayle Jr. November 20, 1917 in Nort- Wilkesboro, North Carolina, USA.
Byrd took office January 3, 1959; He is the longest party of the Senate in its history. Also, Byrd - the oldest current member of Congress since 1987.
He was interim President of the Senate at the time of the 110th United States Congress, becoming the third most important in the line of presidential order, behind Vice President Dick Cheney and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi. This same post accrue to the policy in the period 1989-1995 gg., As well as briefly in January 2001 and from June 2001 to January of 2003. Senator Byrd claims each bill, which first passed in Congress, but only later in the president`s hands, which makes it into a set of laws, or, on the contrary, imposes on him to veto.
In addition to the permanent political positions Byrd in his time served as Secretary of the Senate of the conference, the main parliamentary party organizer and double-majority leader. Currently, Byrd - the only leader of the party of the Senate.
When Robert was only one year old, his mother, Ada Mae Kirby, died in 1918 from influenza pandemic. Fulfilling the last will of his mother, his father, Cornelius Calvin Sale, gave his life and other children in the family of relatives. So Sayle Jr. got into the hands of aunts and uncles, and Vlurmy Brad Titus, who gave the boy a new name - Robert Carlyle Byrd. They raised him in the coal mining town in southern West Virginia.
Bird was honored to become a graduate student, valedictorian in high school, Mark Twain; and in 1937 he married Erme Ore James (died March 26, 2006), his sweetheart from school times. He studied at the College of Beckley (now City University Mountain), Concord College (now Concordia University), Morris Harvey College (now the University of Charleston) and Marshall College (now Marshall University), all in West Virginia.
He was serving employee filling station, grocery store clerk, a welder in a shipyard during World War II, and the butcher until he became a delegate to the House of West Virginia in 1946, representing Raleigh in North Carolina in 1947-1950. In 1950 he was elected to the Senate of West Virginia, where he served from 1951 to 1952. After being elected to the US House of Representatives in the US Congress, he began attending evening classes of the Washington College of Law at American University in 1953, but never got a degree until the end of the decade, 1963, becoming at that time the United States senator.
In 1951 the status of a staff delegate Robert Byrd was among the official witnesses to the execution Harry Burdett and Fred Painter after the first use of the electric chair in the history of West Virginia. In 1965 the death penalty in this state has been canceled, and the last execution of this kind was held in 1959. In a speech of 2007 Byrd, recalling the case of the first in 1951, he said that the electrocution "is not great".
Ku Klux Klan
In 1942 at 24 years Byrd joined the Ku Klux Klan (KKK), racist and terrorist organization, and in 1944 declared segregationist, Senator of Mississippi Theodore Bilbo, as follows: "I will never fight in the armed forces together with blacks ... Rather I should die a thousand times and see the US national flag, trampled in the mud, that will never fly again, than to see our favorite land is in decline due to a mongrel race, returning to the wildness of black swatches " .
In his autobiography, Byrd explained that he was a member of the KKK, because "under the influence of tunnel vision - naivety and immaturity - seeing only what I wanted to see, thinking that the clan will help realize the ambitions and talents." In 2005, Brad said, "I know now that I was wrong. For intolerance has no place in America. I apologized a thousand times ... and I do not mind to apologize again. I can not erase from memory what it was. "
February 26, 2008 th Bird got into Army Medical Center Walter Reed to occur after a fall in his home the day before. Byrd went to the Senate meeting, but when he complained of pain, his aides asked him to see a doctor Capitol before going to the hospital. Byrd stayed in the hospital for four days, but the fracture was found. March 5, it was assumed that the entire blame for his reaction to the antibiotics; another treatment was administered through tests. July 2, 2008 the first Byrd was hospitalized again; finally recovering the house, July 18, Byrd returned to his official duties.
Bird in popular culture
Byrd got an enviable role in the documentary series, Warner Bros., called the