Platon Kulakovskiy

Picture of Platon Kulakovskiy

Date of Birth: 06/26/1848

Age: 65

Place of birth: Panevezys

Citizenship: Russia


Born in Kovno Ponevezh lips. the family priest, the rector of one of the local churches and the city gymnasium catechist. My father was an educated man (he graduated from the St. Petersburg YES), but died when Kulakovskii was only 12 years old. Entered ponevezhskuyu school, but could not finish it, t. To. The Polish uprising broke out. At a young age he had a chance to witness the atrocities that were doing the Poles against the Russian Orthodox people. In 1864 a gymnasium in In of ignorance has been closed, and Kulakovskii was transferred to the Vilna school, from which he graduated in 1866 with a gold medal and entered the historical-philological faculty of Moscow University, after which 1 July 1870 appointed as a teacher of Russian language gymnasium in the city of Vladimir, and in December. transferred to a similar position at the 4th school in Moscow, where he worked intermittently until 1884.

In Moscow, he met with the Aksakov brothers YF and DF Samarin and others. Prominent representatives of the Moscow Slavophile circle. Simultaneously Kulakovskii with sympathy for the MN Katkov (Slavophilism criticism), who took a tough stance on the Polish question. True noticed a prominent figure of the Slavic movement AA Bashmakov, speaking at the party Kulakovskogo memory: "As a son from western edge and a man born in the family of a priest on the outskirts, where the clergy concelebrated the historical role of equidistance in the Russian nation from the onslaught of alien culture and oppression, Plato A. whole life put together in close, inseparable connection with his Slavophile faith alive in our consciousness of Russian statehood problems in the border regions of Russia. " In 1876 expired 6 years of compulsory service the teacher at the end of University, and Kulakovskii, received a one-year leave of absence and a scholarship, went to research a trip abroad, visiting the Czech Republic, Moravia, Croatia and Slovenia, where he met with many prominent figures of the Slavs. Back in Moscow, he married the sister of his friend at the university, later famous scientist Acad. VF Miller Catherine Miller Feodorovna. Immediately after the victorious Russian and Slavic Russian-Turkish war Kulakovskii traveled to Serbia, where he taught Russian language vbelgradskoy Great School, occupying the chair of Russian language and literature (1878-1882). Living in Belgrade, he traveled in the South Slavic lands, visited Constantinople. After the turn in policy toward Austria, which made Serbian Prince. Milos Obrenovic, began a crackdown on supporters of rapprochement with Russia, and Kulakovskii was forced to leave.

Upon his return to Russia he defended in January. 1882 master`s degree thesis on Slavic Studies on "Vuk Karadzic, his work and the importance of Russian literature" and in 1884 won the seat of the Russian language lecturer at Warsaw University are. Along with classes in science and teaching Kulakovskii was the editor of the conservative newspaper "The Warsaw Diary" (1886-1892). His task as editor of the newspaper on the outskirts of the Empire he defined as follows: "The lighting position of the Slavs, the development of the so-called Slavic, questions may be thorough, the development of a Russian-Slavic relations, and these or other movements in the Slavic world - in a word, observation of the Slavs was included in my program this newspaper, independent of all external conditions and relations to it censorship. This point of my program that I thought was very important for newspapers in Privislenskom region inhabited mainly by Poles, conducted systematically by my first introductory article (1 May 1886) to the last farewell to my readers (October 1st. 1892). Lighting Slavic affairs, of course, it was only with the Russian point of view and had in mind only the interests of Russia, which, in my opinion, the same is true, the interests of all the people of the Slavs. " In 1892 Kulakovskii finally received a professorship at the Department of Slavic Studies, had long dreamed of. He refused to edit the newspaper, took leave, and in 1893 went on a research trip to Croatia. Upon returning from a trip in 1894 he defended his thesis on "Illyrian movement. Research on the history of Croatian literature revival period ", received a doctorate in Slavic philology and became a professor at the Warsaw University. For this work prof. Kulakovskii was awarded from the Imperial Academy of Sciences of the total Prize. Kotlyarevsky. Author of numerous scientific papers, which represented a valuable contribution to Slavic studies. Several of his works he published in the Serbian language.

In October. 1902 received an offer to edit the newspaper "Official Gazette", moved from Warsaw to St. Petersburg, where he served in the 1902-1905 official for special assignments at the Ministry of Interior. With a heavy heart he left a professorship, which has always dreamed of, but the rule of his life as he wrote in a letter to K.Ya.Grotu, was the principle of "take the case and work that gets you a share, but he did not ask to raise" . From 1 November 1902 and 1 December. 1905 was Ch. editor of the newspaper "Official Gazette". Bright publicist (aliases Slavyanolyub and Russian). He collaborated in the "Russian Gazette", "Rus" Aksakov, "Russian talk", "Russian world" gene. MG Chernyaev, "Moscow News", "New Times", "Journal of the Ministry of Education", "St. Petersburg Gazette" and others. Russian newspapers and magazines, as well as in Serbian periodicals. The subject of special pride Kulakovskogo was the fact that the "Government Gazette" was the only newspaper in the capital, which is not withheld even during the most violent revolutionary action. After coming to power Kulakovskii Witte left the public service. In 1905-1913 was a professor of Slavic dialects in History and Philology in-ones Women`s Pedagogical Institute and those at the University for Women.

Active member of the Slavic movement, developed the idea of ??"merger of state and cultural forces of all Slavdom" preserving "the identity and nationality of each of the people" in the absolute hegemony of Russia. Since 1887 full member of the St. Petersburg Slavic Benevolent Society (from 1906 - member of the Board since 1907 - Honorary Member, since 1908 - deputy chairman). In June, 1911 in Belgrade, he was elected vice-chairman of the "Union of Slavic Journalists". Kulakovskii took an active part in the right-monarchist movement, which was closely connected with the Slavic. PC member in the district. In 1907 elected a member of the Board of PC, an active member of the "Special Conference on Slavic issues" with the PC. He was one of the founders and leaders of Russian margins of society, which sets the task of protection of Russian business in the suburbs. Since 1906 editor and publisher of the weekly political, social and literary newspaper "The outskirts of Russia," which had as its goal the struggle against separatism. The newspaper cooperated many prominent royalists gene. MM Borodkin, Acad. AI Sobolewski, prof. NA Zverev, prof., Gen. Zolotarev, Vol. AA-Shirinsky Shikhmatov and others. Since 1907 prof. Kulakovskii began publishing a special supplement to the newspaper under the title. "Russian - Russian" The first issue was devoted to the problem of the Polish autonomy. The author tried to convince the reader that it is not about autonomy of Poland, and of the unity and indivisibility of Russia. Polish autonomy would inevitably lead to the fact that Poland will be a "jack and the center of conspiracies and intrigues against Russia." Having survived the horrors of the Polish uprising of 1863, prof. Kulakovskii confidently remarked: "Allow Polish autonomy would be to initiate the decomposition of Russia." Until 1913, he published five editions of applications in which published his articles on the Polish and Slavic issues. In 1907 he was nominated a candidate for the State Duma in St. Petersburg, from the Union of the Russian People and PC in the second category. He actively participated in the creation of the party of nationalists in February. In 1912 elected a member of the All-Russian National Union of General Council. He died in St. Petersburg, he is buried in the Novodevichy cemetery.

March 3, 1914 there was a meeting of the Slavic Society, dedicated to the memory of prof. Kulakovskogo. It was opened by Bishop emeritus member of society. Yamburg Anastasius (Gribanovsky), who held a service for the dead. Speeches were delivered by Comrade. Chairman AA Bashmakov Council members Acad. AI Sobolewski and Professor. JS Palma. Defining the main motive of life prof. Kulakovskogo, Bashmakov said: "Plato A. lifelong love Slavs; he believed in the ultimate triumph of the great ideas of his tribal union. " A prof. Palmov said: "He believed in Russia as a great Slav Power, designed to stand at the head of a Slavic, believed in Slavic as a cultural Slavic body, parts of which, for the greatness of the whole organism, and for their own salvation, we should strive to his tribe trunk, not carried away by their own temporary ephemeral success. "