Petr Kalmiukov

Picture of Petr Kalmiukov

Date of Birth: 10/27/1808

Age: 51

Place of birth: Moscow Province | data_smerti | = 18.03.1860 year

Citizenship: Russia


The subject of his studies of jurisprudence, with Nevolin, Redkino, Krylov and the other was sent in 1828, to prepare for a professorship, first at Dorpat, then abroad, where he listened to Hegel, Hans, Savigny and Eichhorn. After returning to Russia, he defended his thesis for a doctorate in law and in 1835 was appointed to the St. Petersburg University professor on the faculty of jurisprudence and Russian encyclopedia of state law. In addition, the Kalmyks since 1838 has taught criminal law at the Law School, and since 1850, the history of Russian law in the Alexander Lyceum; from 1840 to 1849 and was the first director of the St.-Petersburg High School, with 1855 - the dean of the Faculty of Law. His professorship Kalmykov began in an age when science of law did not exist in Russia. His lectures on the encyclopedia of law, imbued with a strictly philosophical nature, were a kind of revelation, and even prompted the Senate to invite them to read Kalmikova private course. Teaching Russian state law was entrusted to Kalmikova only due to the connection of the subject with an encyclopedia of jurisprudence in the same department; its development has been a matter of secondary importance for Kalmykov, yet here he did a lot and collected a lot of materials, especially on foreign history of Russian law, which he in the last years of its activity, and taught at the university. A favorite subject for Kalmykov was criminal law. His course of criminal law, with the fullness of content, clarity and conciseness of presentation, was a self-designed and systematic analysis of both theoretical started criminal law and Russian criminal law. Kalmyks belong to a faction forensic-Hegelians who tried to soften the harsh conclusions of his teacher, the beginning of expediency. Total precious in his lectures was a warm sense of humanity and a deep respect for the beginning of the rule of law. "It is always a serious, almost grim" - writes about Kalmykov one of his former students ( "Russian Antiquities", 1886, 4) - "He hit us restrained and passionate attitude to his subject, expressed in everything - in his voice, in the tone in figurative speech, in the pathos with which he spoke of the respected them academics or rebelled against unsympathetic to him forms of criminal punishment, such as the death penalty, against corporal punishment and the imposition of stamps (which, in the then time, it was not safe for the professor). he obviously I wanted to give the audience not only their own information, but also the mood. " Print he had little. In his speech, "The symbolism of the law in general and the Russian in particular" (St. Petersburg, 1839) Kalmykov argued that the science of law is a science experienced, not only in the positive part, but also in philosophy, as its main start opening by historical surveys. Article Kalmykov "The literary property in general, and especially the history of the rights of writers in Russia" ( "Journal of the Ministry of Education", 1851, number 10, 11 and separately) is the beginning of a large, not top of work, interesting, according to the riches of bibliographic guidance and for the historian of literature. He still belongs to "Memories of Karl Friedrich. Eichhorn" ( "Journal of the Ministry of Education", 1855, number 5). After the death of Kalmykov, A. Liubavskii issued at lectures, his "Textbook of criminal law" (St. Petersburg, 1866).