Paul Howard Douglas
Date of Birth: 03/26/1892
Place of Birth: Salem
Citizenship: United States
Paul Douglas was born on March 26, 1892 in Salem, Massachusetts (Salem, Massachusetts), famous for its witch hunt more than three hundred years ago. When Paul was 4 years old, his mother died and his father married a second time. Douglas Sr. different propensity to domestic violence, and stepmother, not being able to get a divorce, took Paul and his older brother, left her husband and moved with foster children in Onawa, Maine (Onawa, Maine), where her brother and uncle We built a forest resort. In 1913, Paul graduated from the prestigious Bowdoin College (Bowdoin College). He then became a student at New York`s Columbia University (Columbia University), where in 1915 received a master`s degree, and in 1921 - a doctorate in economics. In 1915, he married Dorothy Wolf (Dorothy Wolff), a female graduate Brinmar College (Bryn Mawr College), who also worked at Columbia University on obtaining a doctoral degree.
From 1915 to 1920 Douglases moved six times. Paul studied at Harvard (Harvard University), taught at the University of Illinois (University of Illinois) and Oregon Reed College (Reed College), served as a mediator in the resolution of labor disputes in the `Emergency Fleet Corporation` in Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania) and taught at the University of Washington (University of Washington). In 1919, Douglas was a teacher in the University of Chicago, and although he enjoyed his work, his wife could not get a place at the same university because of the strict rules on working together relatives. When she made a place in the women`s Smith College (Smith College), Dorothy persuaded her husband to move to Massachusetts, where Paul taught at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst (University of Massachusetts Amherst). Meanwhile, in 1930 the couple divorced, Dorothy got custody of their four children, and Paul returned to Chicago, where he successfully engaged in the development `Cobb-Duglasa` often used in neoclassical economics. The following year, Douglas met with Emily Taft (Emily Taft Douglas), a political activist, a former actress and in the future - a member of Congress from Illinois (1945-1947). They married in 1931, two years later they had a daughter. In 1933, Douglas was among the supporters of the five University of Chicago economist, proposed a draft banking reform, known as the `Chicago plan`. In 1939, to join them, he participated in the development of the program of monetary reform, however, despite the fact that both projects is of great interest and discussions, they have not led to the creation of the necessary legislation for their implementation.
By the early 30`s Douglas became interested in politics. At first he performed an economic adviser to the governors of Pennsylvania and New York, was involved in the campaign against corruption, has helped to develop a number of draft laws, regulating the cost of utilities, pensions and insurance against unemployment, then he participated in the elections, and as an independent candidate. In 1942 Douglas joined the Democratic Party. During World War II with the help of influential friends Douglas made sure that his 50-year-old university professor, enlisted in the Marines. Work on the home front could not satisfy his desire to serve his country, and he was able to organize its own dispatch to the Pacific theater of war, where he returned as a lieutenant colonel, with wounds, injured his left hand and two `serdtsami` Purple (Purple Heart).
Post-war campaign for the Senate Douglas was much more successful. In the SUV he drove across the state, tenacious noticing something that can be corrected with the help of political pressure, and on the day of elections won by his rival from the Republicans by a margin of 33 600 votes. In the Senate, Paul Douglas made a reputation as a passionate fighter for civil rights, environmental protection, construction of public housing and credit reform legislation. In 1966, 74-year-old Douglas lost to Republican Charles Percy (Charles Percy) and retired. He has taught at New York University, New School (New School), chaired the Housing Commission and worked on the books, including his autobiography. In the early 70s, he suffered a stroke and left public life.
Paul Douglas died on September 24, 1976 at his home.