Date of Birth: 06/04/1922
Place of birth: Tulsa
Citizenship: United States
Norman Kroll Born in Tulsa, Oklahoma (Tulsa, Oklahoma). In the period from 1938 till 1940th he attended Rice University (Rice University) in Houston (Houston); Kroll then moved to Columbia University in New York (New York City). It is within the walls of Columbia University, Norman received a first baccalaureate, and later a doctorate degree. He worked then quantum electrodynamics - a branch of physics dealing with the study of the properties of electromagnetic radiation and its interaction with charged matter in relation to the quantum theory.
WWII temporarily interrupted surveys Norman - along with other scientists, he began work on military radar.
In 1949 Kroll - together with his mentor, Willis Lamb, published a work `On the Self-Energy of a Bound Electron`, entered later in the list of selected works on quantum electrodynamics. Later works of Norman are increasingly attracted attention at the international level; Soon he became a full professor of physics. His interests gradually grew - he studied electrodynamics, nuclear physics, particle physics, free electron lasers and the development accelerator of subatomic particles.
University of California at San Diego (University of California, San-Diego) hired Kroll in 1962-ohm, when the Department of Physics has only just started to organize. In 1963 th Norman became the head of the faculty; such a rapid career growth is not surprising at all - by the time the summary Kroll, among other things, already had experience of working with Nobel laureate Willis Lamb (Willis Lamb) in the walls of Columbia University (Columbia University).
In the eighties Kroll actively conducted research in various fields of practical physics; primarily in the sphere of his interests was the practical application of various theoretical methods.
In the mid-eighties, Dr. Kroll put together a committee of nine scientists in order to consider a number of proposed options for the location of the Superconducting Super Collider. Initially, the project was launched in Dallas (Dallas); for the construction of the oval tunnel length 54 miles government has spent $ 2 billion. The project was prepared by only 20 percent, when President Clinton (William Clinton) has signed the decision to stop. The meeting of the Senate Committee confirmed that decision; the predominant majority of votes of the project was closed.
In 1991 Norman left teaching after leaving the post of Distinguished Professor in `otstavke` (emeritus professor). Even in retirement, however, he did not leave the scientific activity - Kroll continued to study the walls of the University of California and Stanford advised Linear Accelerator Center (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center), National Laboratory, sponsored by the US Department of Energy. At Stanford Norman helped to create a mathematical basis for the development of a new generation linear collider - this project is extremely important for understanding the principles of interaction of elementary particles, and in particular the laws of nature as a whole. Regular visits to his laboratory interrupted only multiple vertebral fractures.
Not only one science Kroll lived - in his spare time he loved to visit the opera, swim in the ocean waters, make long walks and watch the wild flowers.
Dr. Kroll died of natural causes on August 8, 1994, in Hospital Thornton in La Jolla (La Jolla).