Nikolay Kondratiev

Picture of Nikolay Kondratiev

Date of Birth: 04/03/1892

Age: 46

Citizenship: Russia


N.Kondratev was born in 1892 in the village of Ivanovo, Kineshma District Galuevskaya Ascension province. The family had ten children. Nicholas - the eldest son. In 1911 he enrolled at the University of St. Petersburg, at the end of the Faculty of Law at the University remained at the department of political economy and statistics. In 1916 and 1917 N.Kondratev in parallel with studies in the Regional Union headed the economic department.

In early 1918, N.Kondratev finally moved to Moscow. He walked away from a policy focused on the scientific and economic work.

In 1918-1920, he headed the board department N.Kondratev agricultural cooperation of the central association lnovodov, taught at the Cooperative Institute and Timiryazev (until 1923 - Peter`s) Agricultural Academy.

Since 1920 he worked in the People`s Commissariat (where he was until 1923 head of the department of agricultural economy and policy, and then the "expert scientists"). Since 1920 N.Kondratev - director conjunctural institutes (removed from office by April 19, 1928). In 1930 he was arrested for "the cause of the Workers `and Peasants` Party", have entered into a concentration camp January 26, 1932. September 17, 1938 he was shot.

Little-known in Russia, but specialists N.Kondratyev name among foreign scientists dealing with cyclical world economic development, says a lot. He developed the theory of dynamical development of economy in the 20-ies. His works remain popular and are published so far.

Good name of the scientist in his homeland was returned N.Kondratyev only in 1987 after the rehabilitation of the repressed in the 30 years of agricultural scientists, among whom was A.Chayanov. Wines "enemies of the people" was just that they were looking for zhilizhiznyu country and acceptable forms and ways of reviving the economy. In contrast to the Stalinist collectivization, which led the country into famine, they developed their own approaches to the organization of farms, proved interdependent ties between agriculture and industry.

According to the theory of large cycles of economic conditions N.Kondratyev, "wars and revolutions arise from real and above all economic, environment ... on the basis of increasing the pace and stress of economic life, aggravation of economic struggle for markets and raw materials ... Social upheavals occur the easiest is in a period of rapid onslaught of new economic powers "(1926). However, the social disorder and the desire to overcome it more quickly and more often being pushed to a dead end road.

N.Kondratev was not only a witness to the 1917 revolution. He was part of the last part of the Provisional Government, Deputy Minister of Food. He was born into a large peasant family. Is it a coincidence his century coincided with the beginning of the collapse of our economy? From his youth, Nikolai - a supporter of the radical peasant democracy. The revolution has finally opened up the opportunity to begin the revival of the country, constrained by earlier serfdom and autocracy. But what turned out to be 1917? An objective picture of the events gave N.Kondratev in the said article in the epigraph, assessing the economic situation before and after the October Revolution. He stressed that it was a deep tragedy of Russian democracy. "The essence of this tragedy is the discrepancy between the level of culture of our democracy and the complexity of the world`s economic life, in the discrepancy between aspirations and performances, on the one hand, and the objective possibilities, the conditions of validity - on the other."