Mordehay Goldenberg

Picture of Mordehay Goldenberg

Citizenship: Moldova


The most famous pre-war Bessarabia Hebrew writer Mordkhe Goldenberg never lived in the least populated its cities, though changed his place of residence more than once. His life, however, was associated with this edge. It was born in the former Jewish agricultural colony Zgurita Soroca County in the north of the province of Bessarabia (now Drochia Moldova) in 1883, grew up in the village attacks Khotyn district of the same province of Bessarabia (now Ocnita District Moldova), lived for some time in the town of Riscani Balti County ( Now the regional center Riscani region of Moldova) and, perhaps, the longest in the town of Soroca Kapreshty county (now Moldova Floresti district). In this Jewish agricultural colony he settled in the late 1910s and remained until 1934, playing a prominent role in the public life of the town as a teacher, activist, savings and loan associations and regular correspondent Kishinev newspaper "Undzer Zeit" (Our time, edited by W . Rosenthal). About Goldenberg stay in Kapreshtah tells the story Ihila Shraibman "Kantor and his singing" from the series "Rashkovsky history." In 1934 he moved to the town Goldenberg Sekuryany (by the time Secura in the far north of Bessarabia, now the village Sokiryany Khotyn district of Chernivtsi region of Ukraine).

In all the towns and villages, where he had to live Goldenberg worked as a teacher - to teach children Hebrew and Torah. So he brought a number of well-known writers in the future (such as Herzl Gaysiner-Rivkin, Ershl Tselman, Binyumen Yitzchak spiritual - later known under the name of BI Michael and others.). Hebrew writers Bessarabia younger generation, especially KA Bertini (1903-1995) and BI Mihaly (1910-1989), considered it his literary mentor; We mention its impact on their creativity and other Hebrew writers edge - Yitzchak Weinstein, James Kucher, Shmuel Leib form, or even less than the venerable writer Zolmen Rosenthal is not without influence Goldenberg in recent prewar years passed almost entirely in Hebrew.

When life Mordkhe Goldenberg was known primarily as a Hebrew writer, t. To. His poetry and short stories in book form came out only in that language. Although his journalistic work in Yiddish regularly appeared in periodicals in Chisinau (the newspaper "Undzer Zeit" - Our Time), Bucharest (bilingual Romanian-Yiddish newspaper "Tribune" - Tribuna) and Chernivtsi (magazine "Chernovitser Bleter" - Chernivtsi sheets) the first time his poetry in Yiddish became a bilingual book "Reshafim baArava", released in 1940, the year. Soon Bessarabia went to the USSR and the widespread circulation and has not received. Only after the war, in 1946, the book was republished in Tel Aviv.

From his books in Hebrew, it should be noted poetic cycle "Shirey haMilhama" ( "Songs of War", 1930), two published in 1939 in Chisinau, a collection of prose, andbook children`s stories "Grains", published in collaboration with writers KA Bertini, Yitzchak Weinstein and Levin Kipnis in the same 1939 Chisinau publishing house "Tarbut" (Culture). Collection of selected prose Goldenberg "haTahana haAtika" (Ancient station, the second volume of collected works) was compiled KA Bertini, BI Michael and J. Fihmanom and published posthumously in 1951 in Tel Aviv.

The Great Patriotic War found in Goldenberg Sekuryanah, where he, along with his wife and daughter Athey (on summer vacation from school in the historical-philological faculty of the Kishinev Pedagogical Institute) was deported to the ghetto. During the mass atrocities committed by the Romanian occupation army of the Jewish population n. Transnistria, Goldenberg was forced to be present during the abuse of Romanian soldiers over his wife and daughter; Both committed suicide the next day. Sam Goldenberg died in Bershad ghetto a few months later.