Mihail Gnevushev

Picture of Mihail Gnevushev

Place of birth: village Repyevka Simbirsk

Citizenship: Russia


In 1882 he graduated from the Kiev Theological Academy with a degree in Theology (for the work of the Church of Alexandria).

Since 1882 - the teacher of the Kiev-Podolsky religious school.

Since 1883 - a mentor to the Ostroh teachers` seminary.

Since 1885 - the teacher of the Kyiv Women`s College.

Since 1890 - the teacher of the Kyiv Theological Seminary. He was famous for bright preaching and missionary activity. In 1902 he was the initiator of the "Kiev Pedagogical mutual aid society".

Held extreme right-wing political views. He took an active part in the monarchist movement in Kiev, was one of the leaders of the Black Hundreds movement, in 1906-1908 was a member of the board of the Kiev Department of the Russian Monarchist Party (RMP), a member of the Kiev department of Russian assembly. He served with sharp anti-Semitic statements.

In 1908, shortly after his wife`s death, he took monastic vows with the name of Macarius. In that same year he was elevated to the rank of Archimandrite and appointed rector of Moscow in High-Petrovsky Monastery. He took an active part in the monarchist movement in Moscow, became a close associate of the chairman of Russian monarchist Union Archpriest I. Vostorgov (John Vostorgov). He participated in the creation of the Brotherhood of the Resurrection of Christ, was a member of the board of the brotherhood. He was a board member of Russian Monarchist Assembly, which is a frequent speaker.

In 1909 he transferred to the rector of the Novospassky monastery in Moscow. Much attention is paid to organization of a nationwide singing during worship, including its means of increasing interest parishioners to visit the temples and the fight against the influence of sectarians. Held overhaul of the monastery of St. Nicholas Church, during which it was attached to the vast hall. Such treatment of a monument of architecture has caused sharp criticism from the Imperial Moscow Archaeological Society. In response, he said that among archaeologists` zeal for "archaeological More" often comes to a kind of idolatry before every ancient brick or each architectural flourish. " His activities as abbot of the monastery was repeatedly criticized in newspapers, Archimandrite filed complaints to the Synod (including the alleged misappropriation of the monastery of money and financial fraud), but to no avail.

He was a member of the organizing committee for the convening of the Congress of Russian people in Moscow in September-October 1909, delivered a welcoming speech at its opening. In May 1912 - deputy chairman of the Fifth All-Russian Congress of the Russian people in St. Petersburg. In 1912 - the chairman of the electoral committee of right-wing parties in Moscow on elections in IV State Duma.

July 11, 1914 he was consecrated bishop and was appointed Bishop of Balakhna, Nizhny Novgorod diocese vicar. In November 1915 spoke at a meeting in Petrograd monarchists, was elected to the Board of monarchist congresses. Since January 1917 the Bishop of Orel and Sevsk. May 26 the same year, fired into retirement and settled in the province of Smolensk, first in the Holy Monastery Avraamievom Smolensk, and then in the Holy Transfiguration Monastery Vyazma.

August 22, 1918 he was arrested and sent to prison in Smolensk. 4 September 1918 on charges of "organizing the White Guard rebellion" shot in the suburbs of Smolensk Chekists. According to the memoirs of his daughter, fourteen condemned to death were taken to a deserted place of Smolensk and built back to a freshly dug grave. Executioner approach to each and produced a shot in the forehead. Lord, being at the end of the line, with the rosary prayed for each of the condemned men. He was shot dead last.

Canonized the New Martyrs and Confessors Russian at the Jubilee Bishops` Council of the Russian Orthodox Church in August 2000 for churchwide veneration.