Mihael Govoruho-otrok

Picture of Mihael Govoruho-otrok

Citizenship: Russia


Hereditary nobleman Kursk Province., Of well-known Little Russian race. A large landowner (534 dess. In Belgorod in. Kursk Province.). Father Nicholas was Fomich Belgorod their mayor, his father - an artillery officer, he retired with the rank of lieutenant. The well-known writer and critic protective direction in the past populist Yuri Nikolaevich Govorukha-servant (1854-1896) was brought his cousin. Born near Belgorod to name Tavrovo. He graduated from the Poltava Cadet Corps, then Nikolayev Cavalry School (1886) under the first category and was released with the rank of cornet in the 36 th Akhtyrka Hussars. Soon he transferred to the Life Guards EIV cuirassier regiment in which he served until 1888. In 1888, for health reasons was forced to leave the military service with the rank of lieutenant Guard reserve (in 1892 finally released from military service). In 1890, by order of the Ministry of Internal Affairs was appointed District Commanders of the 1st section of Belgorod have. Kursk Province. In 1901 at a meeting of landowners in Belgorod. was elected Zemsky vowels, then (in the same year), the chairman of the Belgorod rural council and honorary magistrate (constantly re-elected for a new three-year period). Thanks to the energy and authority Govorukha-Servant agrarian movement that gripped many parts of Kursk and Kharkov lips. Not touched in Belgorod., Received soon in the print name of "Kursk Vendee." In n. In 1908 he was elected chairman of the Kursk provincial rural council and appointed as a member of Local Economy Council under the Ministry of Interior. In August. 1909 was elected member of the State. Council of the Kursk provincial Zemsky assembly, in 1912 re-elected by an overwhelming majority (37 - for 9 - against) on a new three-year period. In the State. He was a member of the Board committees: Financial, on introduction of Statutes of dies non days of the township Zemsky management. During III the legislature of the State Duma was a member of the Bureau for mutual awareness and joint action pravyhdeyateley, which consisted of three members of the Duma (AS Vyazigin, GG Zamyslovsky and c. AA Bobrinsky) and three members of the Government. Council (Govorukha-servant, v. N. Lobanov-Rostovsky and A. Stishinsky) under the chairmanship of a member State. Council Vol. AA-Shirinsky Shikhmatov. Throughout her many years of public service in principle he refused to assign him the civil ranks, counting a special honor to be a retired lieutenant Guard.

At the height of the Troubles in 1905 with c. VF Dorrer Kursk became the organizer of the People`s Order Party (KNPP). The party grew out of ideologically close circle c. Dorrer persons, among which in addition Govorukha-Servant was the book. ND Kasatkin-Rostovsky, NE Markov, GA Shechkov et al. Published October 10 KNPP. 1905 as its platform proclamation "What wants to Kursk Popular Party of Order", which produced many of the opposition sobering effect. KNPP subsequently merged with the Department of Kursk NRC. Govorukha-servant was a member of the governing bodies of the monarchical unions: from 25 March 1910 to 15 March 1912 was a member of the PC Board with 3 Nov. 1909 was a member of the Main Board of the NRC. In the conflict with the NE Markov AI Dubrovin supported Markov. He also participated in the activities of a number of commissions that organized the Russian National Union of them. Michael the Archangel. Active members of the Congress of the United Nobility (OD). He was a member of the drafting committee on the Jewish question, chosen at the VII Congress of the ML (1911). In 1912-1915 - member of the OD of the Permanent Council. At congresses OD gave a circumstantial speeches on a number of issues, including: the Rural Municipality gathering (IX Congress, 1913); the need and measures to combat the Progressive Bloc (XII Congress, 1916); . Deferment from military service (XII Congress), etc. In one of his speeches at the Congress of isolating and described the program of the Progressive Bloc with the following words: "... The program of the Progressive Bloc - still the same beautiful stranger, who has already appeared 10 years ago in in 1905 and 1906. However, the features of this stranger in the Cadet Program more tinted, somewhat relaxed, she came to us without a dowry, there is no point on the alienation of privately owned land, but it is a dowry, of course, will be earned. "

I do not hesitate to call themselves the Black Hundreds. . In one of the articles in the gas "Kursk profit" (. Feb June 1907, number 29) wrote: "We call you the Black Hundreds. Even so, we do not argue against the allegedly offensive names - the great patriots who liberated the country from the foreign yoke. Yes, we believe in a simple, gray, black Russia goes to the rescue of the Great and Little and White Russia but yes there will be a red, republican Russia! ".

In 1915-1916 was a member of the circle A. Rimsky-Korsakov, brings together the most active part of the right-wing politicians. In November. 1916 was a note with the plan of measures aimed at curbing the revolutionary movement and the opposition, which is through the book. ND Golitsyn was handed over to the Emperor. In the "Note" was proposed: appoint officials loyal to the imperial power, capable "to fight against anarchy"; dissolve the State. Duma Manifesto without specifying a new period of its convocation; change some of the articles of the Basic Law; martial (or siege) position in both capitals; provide garrisons machine guns to suppress the rebellion; close the authorities left the press; militarize factories, workshops, working on defense; appoint government commissioners in the Union of Zemstvos and cities, and in the military-industrial committees to curb revolutionary propaganda; provide local chiefs the right to remove members from anti-government protests; update the composition of the Government. Council to remove those who like Progressive Bloc. Regarding the future State. Duma suggested: "Elections should be single-stage, direct from the city and county of household and class groups," with after-blowing otboromili by lot, or "better for royal permission"; monitor the Duma, the government set up the "majority in the Duma"; at the disposal of the Chairman of the Council of Ministers have a special person, "particularly serious and, moreover, delivered a large organization and a special fund for the conduct of domestic policy in the Duma itself with the sole purpose of creating and maintaining lasting permanent most favorable to the Government." Govorukha-servant he considered meaningless any collusion with the liberal opposition, because "these elements are so weak, so disunited and, to speak frankly, so mediocre, that their triumph would be as brief as fragile." The concessions to the liberals he regarded as the beginning of an irreversible process of the country shift to the left. End point of view of the author of the document coincided with the common position of the right - to restore the monarchy in its entirety. With the direct participation Govorukha-Servant was compiled another "Note" (January 1917). Recommended for the fight against an impending revolution to make a counter-revolutionary coup - to change the law on the State. And Duma elections in and enter the country under martial law. The document was handed to the Emperor Nicholas II, NA Maklakov.

Awarded: St. Anna 3rd st. (1896), St. Stanislav 2 nd century. (1903), St. Anna 2 nd century. (1906), St. Vladimir 3rd st. (1913). He was married to the daughter of ensign Evgenia Pavlova. Children: Michael (1898-1967), Eugene (1899?), Boris (1901-1965), James (1904?), Alex (1905?). Sons Boris and Mikhail were hussars 13th Hussars Mitavsky (Narva) regiment. Boris - cornet, died in Paris; Michael - the captain, was in exile led to protection. Vol. Vladimir Kirillovich. He died in Paris. Information about the fate of the Servant-Govorukha after the revolution sketchy. According to the professor of the Belgorod 3. T. Prokopenko, he bsh in Belgorod in 1919, together with the forces of Denikin. Then, apparently, he emigrated.