Michael Gelovani

Picture of Michael Gelovani

Date of Birth: 06/01/1893

Age: 63

Place of birth: village Lasuria

Citizenship: Russia


Born December 25, 1892 (6 January 1893) in the village Lasuria Kutaisi province. His parents, who came from Lechkhumi petty nobles, engaged in agriculture. Already in adolescence Gelovani had a beautiful baritone voice and even sang in the church choir. Fascinated by the theater from an early age, in the winter 1913 he played in several productions a professional troupe of the Kutaisi theater. After the revolution Gelovani passed a good actor`s school in the studio theater director G.Dzhabadari (1919-20.), Who worked in Tiflis. For many years, he acted on the stage of Batumi, Kutaisi, Tbilisi. Among roles: Vaska Pepel ( "The Lower Depths" Gorky), Kotsy ( "Yesterday" Dadiani), Tariel Mklavadze (same name play based on the novel Ninoshvili), and others.

In February 1924 Georgia Goskinoprom invites 32-year-old Gelovani the main roles in the film of different genres. His film debut was the image in the film-drama Bakhvi famous Georgian film director Ivan Perestiani "Tree of Life" (1924). Mikhail Gelovani immediately began playing in movies, film adaptations of Georgian literary classics ostrodramaticheskie and tragic role - "The Ninth Wave" (1926), "Two Hunters" (1927), "Khabarda" (1931), "The Last Masquerade" (1934), "Golden valley "(1937).

In the second half of the 20-ies of the actor, it has accumulated by the time a lot of experience, quite naturally turned to filmmaking, and distinguished himself as an original and unique artist, armed with sharp methods of satire, parody, eccentrics - "Evil Spirit" (1927), " Early wins "(1928)," The Case of valor "(1931)," This Caucasian "(1934).

Mikhail Gelovani. 1945 seemed to be in Georgia has another master of cinema, but ... At the beginning of the second half of the 30s Gelovani first played on stage the role of Stalin ( "The spark ..." Dadiani), then vseotmetili great similarity of its human texture with the image of the leader, and in 1938 Michael Chiaureli director invited the actor for the lead role in the movie "The great glow" (1938) at the Tbilisi studio. It`s a long time determined the fate of Mikhail Gelovani creative. The image created beautiful and charming actor, Stalin wanted to fix in the minds of millions of people as its real. "Man with a Gun" (1938), "Vyborg Side" (1938), "Lenin in 1918" (1939), "Valery Chkalov" (1941), "The Defense of Tsaritsyn" (1942), "The Oath" (1946) "The Fall of Berlin" (1949), "Donetsk miners" (1950), "Unforgettable year 1919" (1951) - Gelovani becomes "monopoly" one, but the most important role in the country and can not go beyond its limits.

Mikhail Gelovani was only one "flaw" - the growth was significantly higher than Stalin. Director and cameraman had to go to all sorts of tricks to "shorten" it on the screen. Yet the most difficult was the actors who were taller than Gelovani. When in the late 40`s cameraman Roman Karmen Mikhail Gelovani arrived at in the movie "The Fall of Berlin" film studio "Mosfilm", where M. Chiaureli shooting another film, glorifying Stalin, he saw a picture: Gelovani walks in front of the camera crew, and after him - not as something squatting! - Followed by artists Zubov (as Molotov) and Tolubeev (as Voroshilov). "Misha, - said Carmen - what`s the matter ?!" Chiaureli replied in a whisper: "No one has the right to be mentioned Stalin."

Son of actor Vissarion said: "In the 46th, when work began on the film" The Oath ", directed by Michael Chiaureli with Stalin actors discussed candidates for the role of leader Chiaureli highly praised my father - Mikhail Gelovani:." A talented actor, Comrade Stalin. He tries to get into your way. Ready to live your life so that you feel more deeply. "Stalin said," Kinda wish ... If you really really want, I can help. Maybe he will start with the Turukhansk links? Huh? "But Stalin liked the audition and that either comic, whether serious replica leader was forgotten."

Gelovani has long been a favorite actor Joseph Vissarionovich. But at some point, Stalin decided that the Georgian actor suffers from national narrow-mindedness and not entirely consistent with the image of "Great Leader." He said the minister of cinematography Bolshakov: ".? At Gelovani strong Georgian accent Do I have a focus Think of a suitable actor for the role of Comrade Stalin`s is best from the Russian.". The choice fell on theater actor Alexei Wild. Audition shown to Stalin, received the highest approval.

Execution of the role of Stalin in the movies and the theater brought Georgian actor four Stalin Prizes, Order of the Red znemeni, USSR People`s Artist title obtained on presentation of Mikhail Gelovani in the movie "The Fall of Berlin" of Stalin in 1950, the transition to the best theater country - Moscow Art Theatre. Gorky (1942-48 gg.). At his own request, his success was his tragedy as an actor, because it ceased to offer any whatsoever other roles in films. Criticism enthusiastically wrote that Gelovani "faithfully reproduced the image of the leader," that "he sought to convey the wisdom of the leader, its inextricable link with the people, the greatness and simplicity, the revolutionary will of steel, exceptional charm and honesty." But an apology for Stalin completely suppressed talk about the life and personality of Gelovani and after the leader`s death (1953), and especially after the XX Congress of the CPSU completely forgot about it. Scenes from the actor in the role of "leader of all peoples" were carved out of a very popular and not very tapes. More filming was not invited to the movies.

Creative inaction depressed actor. In his unpublished notes actor Boris Tenin wrote: "The role of Stalin was to Gelovani - a good actor and artist - tombstone. The directors and film and theater bypassed him a mile away. The evil will of the despot attributed it to one role for many years, and he could not change anything in his life. "

By an inexplicable quirk of fate Mikheil Gelovani died of a heart attack December 21, 1956 - the day of Stalin`s birth. In the press there was no obituary, which rely People`s Artist of the USSR, only two or three ordinary information in a mourning frame. Quit Stalin`s image was much more difficult than to enter into it.

Mikhail Gelovani was buried in Moscow at the Novodevichy cemetery.


1. Three Lives - 1924 - Bakhvi Pulawy

2. The Ninth Wave - 1926

3. Two hunters - 1927

4. Khabarda - 1931 - poet

5. The Last Masquerade - 1934 - Growth

6. See you soon - 1935 - Lomidze

7. Golden Valley - 1937 - Chirila

8. Great glow - 1938 - Joseph Stalin

9. Vyborg Side - 1938 - Joseph Stalin

10. Man with a Gun - 1938 - Joseph Stalin

11. Lenin, in 1918 - 1939 - Joseph Stalin

12. Siberians - 1940 - Joseph Stalin

13. A member of the government - 1940 - Joseph Stalin

14. Valery Chkalov - 1941 - Joseph Stalin

15. The defense of Tsaritsyn - 1942 - Joseph Stalin

16. Oath - 1946 - Joseph Stalin

17. The light of Russia - 1947 - Joseph Stalin

18. The Fall of Berlin - 1949 - Joseph Stalin

19. Donetsk miners - 1950 - Joseph Stalin

20. Baku Fires - 1950 - Joseph Stalin

21. Unforgettable 1919 - 1951 - Joseph Stalin

22. Jambul - 1952 - Joseph Stalin

23. Hostile Whirlwinds - 1953 - Joseph Stalin

Put movies:

1. The evil spirit - 1927

2. Early wins - 1929

3. The point of valor - 1931

4. This Caucasian - 1934

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