Martyn Doke

Picture of Martyn Doke

Nationality: South Africa


Cle & # 769; ment Ma & # 769; Rtina Doc (seldom more correct transmission Doak) (born Clement Martyn Doke.) (16 May 1893-1980) - South African linguist, Africanist, one of the largest specialists in the Bantu languages ??of the first half of the XX century . Doc knew many languages ??of Africa and was a supporter of "bantuskoy grammar for Bantu languages," that is departing from Eurocentrism. For a sample of it largely took Zulu, which is why this language is called bantuskoy Latin "[citation needed]. Doc system has become a standard for the description of the Bantu languages ??in South Africa, although it has been criticized for lack of attention to the achievements of the then linguistics and inapplicability to the language of another system [ 1].

His father was a missionary Doc, Doc himself quite early began to travel a lot for South Africa. In 1923 he went to Lambalend (Northern Rhodesia).

Doc has published numerous descriptive and prescriptive works on the languages ??of South Africa and all Bantu languages, doing comparative grammar and history bantuistiki. For a long time he worked at the University of the Witwatersrand (1923 to 1953). Doku belong detailed descriptions of clicking sounds in the Bantu and Khoisan languages, for which he coined the lettering.

Doc also developed practical orthography for many languages ??(for example, he proposed a new spelling for Shona and Sesotho), which, however, are not always accepted by the authorities.

Among the most important works of Doc - it podrobneyshayagrammatika Zulu (Text-book of Zulu grammar, 1947) and a dictionary, compiled in conjunction with the Zulu poet and scholar Benedict Vilakazi (1948). Working on the bibliography on bantuistike Doc simultaneously proposed a new classification of the southern Bantu languages ??(zone S for Ghasri) were the most adequate and is still generally accepted [2]. In addition, Doc was the creator of one of the most authoritative classification of Bantu languages ??are very popular before the advent of the classification of Ghasri.