Date of Birth: 05/11/1907
Lin Biao (Pinyin Lin Biao, whales & # 26519; & # 24426 ;; December 5, 1907 - September 13, 1971.) - Chinese politician, who was considered the right hand and successor of Mao Zedong to the death in a mysterious plane crash in the skies over Mongolia. He was posthumously declared a traitor and was removed from the spiskovKPK.
Lin Bao was born in the village Huylunshan County, Huanggang, Hubei Province in the family of a manufacturer. At birth, he was named Yu Rong. His father had a small textile factory, which later went bankrupt. After the bankruptcy of his father went to work as a cashier at a boat floating on the river Yangtze. The family was large. At the age of 10 years, Yu Rong left home, first studied in Huylunshanskoy school, then in high school Utayskoy. Lad of seventeen he joined the Socialist Youth League of China, and in 1925 - in the CPC. In 1925 he entered the military school of Whampoa, in 1927 became the commander of a platoon and then company separate regiment of the National Revolutionary Army. By the time he changed his name to Lin Biao. In 1926 he took part in the Northern Expedition, in 1927 participated in the Nanchang Uprising. After the defeat of the uprising took part in the meeting in Maochzhi, during which some commanders offered to disband the army. Lin Biao Chen Chu and support, opposed this proposal.
After creating in 1928 the 4th Corps of China Lin Piao commanded the Red Army regiment. When the 1 st Army Group was formed in 1930 - corps commander. In November 1931, Lin Biao became a member of Military Council, established by decision I National Congress of the representatives of the Soviet regions of China. In 1932, Lin Biao appointed commander of the 1st Army Group of the Red Army, participated in the reflection of the 5th Kuomintang punitive campaign. 1st Army Group under the command of Lin Biao in October 1934 was at the forefront of the Long March. In the years 1934-1936 the troops under the command of Lin Biao were fighting against the Kuomintang troops.
After the Japanese attack on China in July 1937 and the formation of a united national front there was a reorganization of the Red Army, was formed 8th Army People`s Revolutionary Army of China. Lin Biao appointed commander of the 115th Division. While fighting with the Japanese forces under the leadership of Lin Biao won a series of victories. After heavy injuries, Lin Biao in 1939 went to the Soviet Union for treatment. In the Soviet Union he was a representative of the CCP in Comintern. In 1942 he returned to Yan`an, and became secretary of the Northeast Bureau of CPC Central Committee. At the VII Congress of the CPC in 1945, Lin Biao was elected a member of the CPC Central Committee.
At this time, the United Democratic Manchu army of 300 thousand people has been formed on the basis of units of the 8th Army and the New 4th Army, which was appointed commander Lin Biao, Commissioner - Peng Zhen. In January-March 1947, troops under the leadership of Lin Biao three crossed the Songhua dealt heavy blows to the enemy in the area north of Changchun. In 1948, Lin Biao was the commander of the Northeast Field Army. In September 1948 his forces launched a major operation to defeat the Kuomintang army in Manchuria, which went down in history as the "Shenyang Lyaosi-operation" (or "LyaoShenskaya operation"), which resulted in the PLA for the first time received the numerical superiority of the KMT army of the Andes. In 1948, Lin Piao commanded the Beiping-Tianjin front, in March 1949, was the representative of the CPC in the negotiations with the Kuomintang. In September 1949 he was elected a member of the CPPCC National Committee, in October 1949 he was appointed commander of the Military District Tsentralnokitayskim. From December 1949 to January 1953, Lin Biao is the chairman of the Central Southern Military Administrative Committee, and on July 1950 - the first secretary of the Central-South Bureau of CPC Central Committee. In 1950 he spoke out against the participation of China in the Korean War.
In August 1954, Lin Biao was elected to the National People`s Congress, re-elected in July 1958 and September 1964. Since 1954 - Deputy Chairman of the State Defense Committee. Since 1954 - Vice-Premier of the State Council. In 1955, Lin was awarded the rank of Marshal of the PRC, he was awarded many orders. From September 1956 - Member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, with May 1958 - member of the Politburo Standing Committee and one of the deputy chairmen of the Central Committee KPK.sentyabrya 1959, after the Lushan meeting and removal Peng Dehuai, Lin became the Minister of Defense of China. He actively contributed to the spread in China the personality cult of Mao Zedong. In the army, according to his instructions in May 1964 is published "Quotations" Mao Zedong. Lin said that this book, as well as personal weapons, should have every soldier. Lin becomes an active participant and a conductor "Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution." At the XI Plenum of the CPC Central Committee in August 1966 he was again elected to the Central Committee Politburo Standing Committee, called the list a second after Mao Zedong. After the IX Congress of the CPC in April 1969 to officially become the sole Deputy Chairman of the Party Central Committee and is defined as the "successor" of Mao Zedong.
In early 1970, Lin Biao fell out with almost all the influential Politburo members (primarily with Zhou Enlai, who became the new 2nd person in the party), together with the family tried to escape by plane in the Soviet Union, however, the plane crashed in Mongolia, thus all died. The most bizarre was the fact that, judging from the wreckage of the crashed plane, on his way back from Mongolia to China. In China, after his death it unleashed a campaign of "criticizing Lin Biao and Confucius." Unlike many other politicians convicted under Mao Zedong, Lin Biao in the future and has not been rehabilitated, and the study of his life and the circumstances of his death in China is not encouraged.