Date of Birth: 09/29/1943
Place of birth: a. Popovo
Who led Poland to a market economy?
Lech Walesa - Polish political, civil and trade union leader; outstanding leader and politician. The Nobel Peace Prize, the president of Poland in the period from 1990 to 1995-th.
Lech Walesa was born in Popowo, Poland (Popowo, Poland); His father, a carpenter Boleslav, was arrested by the Nazis and sent to a concentration camp before the birth of Lech. After the war, Boleslaw returned home, but he was not at liberty lived for three months, has died at age 34 from starvation and disease. The boy`s upbringing involved his mother, Felix.
In 1961 Lech graduated from high school and college, getting a profession electrician. For some time (from 1961 to 1965-th), he worked as a car mechanic; later he had to go into the army for 2 years. Was promoted to corporal, Walesa was discharged; on `grazhdanke` he took on the Lenin Shipyard in Gdansk (Gda & # 324; sk).
December 8, 1969-th Lech Walesa married Danuta Golos (Danuta Go & # 322; o & # 347;); later they were born 8 children.
Workers` organizations are always interested in Walesa; in 1968, he even persuaded fellow shipyard boycott official rallies on the student strike. Having proved highly successful and charismatic leader, Lech and he began to organize a strike; They ended the strike, among other things, the death of 30 workers. This outcome would further convince Walesa in the need to change the established way of life radically. In June 1976, an active trade union (and mostly underground) activities cost Walesa work; several times he found his talents electrician new applications, but it is almost always rebellious, activist tendencies rather quickly led to the next dismissal. Walesa sat without a lot of work and was under close police surveillance; rumored to be his dwelling was literally dotted with bugs. Several times activist dissident arestovyvaliOdnim of the most famous creations Walesa became `Solidarnost`, large-scale trade union at the national level. Ros this union is very, very fast; authorities understood that it is impossible to ignore such a force and decided to put on it `predupreditelnyy` kick. Walesa, along with other leaders and activists of `Solidarnosti` was arrested. In 1983, Lech returned to his familiar shipyard electrician simple; In the same year he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Walesa himself could not take it - he feared that it then will not let into the country; I went for the prize of his wife.
Forget about `Solidarnosti` Walesa did not want to; organization is gaining and gaining momentum. Eventually, the authorities decided to sit at the negotiating table; for the union recognized the right to life, and elections in the Polish parliament decided to hold a new, semi-free format. Walesa have new opportunities to influence the policy of the country; He continues to gain credibility.
December 9, 1990 th Lech Walesa won the presidential election; in 1993 he created a new political party. When Walesa country has gone through privatization and transition to market economy; at Valence passed the first completely free parliamentary elections and has radically changed the international policy (for example, from Poland withdraw all Soviet troops, and the external debt of the country was heavily slanted). Lech has made the adoption of the country into NATO and the European Union. Of course, I was with him and opponents; however, even in the `Solidarnosti` their conflicts missing. Little by little the popularity of Walesa began to subside and the election of 1995, he lost - albeit not very big difference.
After retiring from the post of President Walesa has lectured on the history and politics, he had his own political wing think tank, and in other ways participate in the political life of the country. From `Solidarnosti` Lech resigned in 2006, due to internal disagreements.