Konstantin Kalajdovich

Picture of Konstantin Kalajdovich

Date of Birth: 1792

Age: 40

Place of birth: Elnya

Citizenship: Russia


After graduating (1810) Course of the Moscow University, published a series of articles in the "Journal of Europe", with whose editor, Kachenovsky was close. The selected member of the Russian History and Antiquities, made essays: "The antiquity of the Slavic-Russian", "Notes on Article Prince Shcherbatova of one coin" and others. At the suggestion was made to society Kalaidovich edition "Russian memorability" editing of which was entrusted to Kalaidovich. In 1814 Kalaidovich enlisted in the Moscow archives foreign counterparts. Under the influence of a number of failures, he soon began to drink. Restless mood marked by its scandal in Vladimir. To save Kalaidovich from prosecution, his father declared him crazy; Kalaidovich six months spent in the house for the insane, and then the year (1815 - 1816) in the monastery Pesnoshskom to novice status. After leaving the monastery he stayed for some time in Kaluga, where he found a valuable manuscript Kirsa Danilova, "Old Russian poem"; Kalaidovich it was published in 1818 with a detailed foreword, representing the first research experience bylevogo Russian epic. In 1817 he joined the archaeological Kalaidovich mug Chancellor Rumyantsev; in the position "counter-corrector", he participated in the publications committee of state printing contracts and letters of the Moscow archives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In this field Kalaidovich met a serious competitor in the face of PM Stroyev. At the insistence of Kalaidovich Society of History and Antiquities has issued 13 sheets of publication Laurentian Chronicle. In the same 1817 Kalaidovich joined PM Stroyev in his famous Archaeological and Ethnographic Expedition. On this trip Kalaidovich played a prominent role; them such large finds have been made, as the "Code of Law of Ivan III" and the famous "Svyatoslav`s Miscellany 1073". Build and Malinowski merits Kalaidovich these findings carefully suppressed in their reports Rumyantsev. With the active mediation of the living and the assistance of Count FA Kalaidovich Tolstoy gradually made a rich collection of monuments of ancient literature, as described and instructed (1818 - 1824) Kalaidovich. But last again prevented Stroyev, who was able to lead the business so that Count Tolstoy, in spite of its promise, the sequel to "describe" instructed not Kalaidovich and Stroyev. This unexpected blow strongly shook Kalaidovich, the summer 1825 he prohvoral "nervously relaxation". In this difficult time, significant support has Kalaidovich Rumyantsev, instructed him to write a description of the Slavic and Russian manuscripts of the Moscow Synodal Library. Kalaidovich set to work, but not for long: the death Rumyantsev finally struck him. He showed signs of mental disorder. In 1828 Kalaidovich still trying to publish the magazine "Russian Spectator", but the loss of reason forced to give up the case. A year later, however, mental illness has passed, but the health of the body is not recovered, and in 1832 Kalaidovich died. The most remarkable work was Kalaidovich essay "John, the Exarch of the Bulgarian. The study explains the history of the Slavic language and literature in the IX and X centuries" (1824). The appendix contains texts and translations of the works of John and pictures. The wealth of new material and extensive conclusions Kalaidovich this work is one of the first places in a number of Russian works on Slavic philology. Of the other works and publications Kalaidovich important: "Russian memorability" (Part I, 1815); "The language of the Lay" (1818); "The laws of the Grand Prince Ivan III and Ivan IV the king of Law" (1819); "Monuments of Russian literature of XII century" (1821), here the way and included the creation of Cyril of Turov, the word of Daniel the Exile and others; "Description of manuscripts FA Count Tolstoy" (1825). In this edition of "Description" and "Laws of the Grand Prince Ivan III" was involved and build. The talented researcher, detailed in his research, with great critical talent, Kalaidovich belonged to the school and Schlozer Timkovsky. He had an inexhaustible energy and a rare capacity for work. The predominant character Kalaidovich activity depends on the state of contemporary historical science; This was the time of collecting historical material from which the scientific development were only available parts, among others. - Avg. Bessonov, "Reading the Imperial Society of History and Antiquities of Russia" (1862, II); Pogodin, "The fate of archeology in Russia" ( "Journal of the Ministry of Education," 1869; 9); also "The experience of Russian historiography" Ikonnikova, "Notes important and petty KF Kalaidovich" in the "Annals of Russian literature", 1861, III; "Letters to the archpriest Kalaidovich Grigorovich" ( "Reading Society of History and Antiquities", 1864, II); "Correspondence with the Metropolitan Eugene Count NP Rumyantsev", "Correspondence of Count Rumyantsev and Moscow scientists" ( "Reading Society of History and Antiquities", 1882, I); Leopards, "Chancellor Rumyantsev" ( "Ancient and New Russia", 1877, number 5); Kochubinsky, "The initial years of Russian Slavic Studies". K-seam.