Konrad Gesner

Picture of Konrad Gesner

Date of Birth: 03/26/1516

Age: 49

Citizenship: Switzerland


The son of a furrier; father was killed during the Second kappelskoy War (1531). Conrad raised his uncle instilled in him a taste for literature and botany.

Friends Protestant, in the first place - Heinrich Bullinger, helped the youth to study in Zurich, Basel, Strasbourg, Bourget, Paris and Montpellier.

In 1537 he was elected professor of Greek at Lausanne.

In 1541 he received his doctorate in medicine.

In 1557 he was appointed professor of natural philosophy in Zurich, where at the same time practiced medicine.

Gesner arranged Botanical Garden, and marked the beginning of the first natural history museum.

He died during the plague epidemic, treating infected.

Gesner belongs to one of the first attempts at classification of plants (Enchiridion historiae plantarum, 1541): it has divided the plant kingdom, based on the signs of the flower and the seed; I divided the class, order, genus and species, thereby outlining the principles of a binary nomenclature.

Slava one of the fathers of botany came to him posthumously, when Nuremberg was published his essay Opera botanica (Vol. 1-2, 1754, 1759). Carl Linnaeus considered the greatest discovery in the range of botanical science Gesner generative organs of plants (flower, fruit and seed) as a basis for their classification. This principle was consistently implemented in Linnaean taxonomy of plants.

Studying plants Gesner made thousands of sketches shoots, flowers and fruits. Due to the constant exercise hands and eyes, he achieved great precision drawing. Detecting the subtle details of the structure of bodies, looking at the shades of colors, Gesner elicited important to diagnose types of signs, thus developing a method of learning, improving not only the quality of the scientific picture, but also the concept of Organography and systematics. Original drawings Gesner less conditional than woodcut, illustrate his natural scientific works [1].

Work Bibliotheca universalis sea catalogas omnium scriptorum locupletissimus in tribas linguis, Graeca, Latina et Hebraica etc. (1545-1555) laid the foundations of the bibliography and was of great importance for the history of literature.

The most famous fundamental work in zoology Gesner Historia animalium (launched in 1551, the last 22 that came out after the death of the author). Looks zoologist Gesner-influenced-Rudolf Jacob Camerarius, Carl Linnaeus, Georges Cuvier.

The approach presented in his work in comparative linguistics Mithridates. De differentiis linguarum tum ueterum, tum quae hodie apud diuersas nationes in toto orbe terrarum usu sunt (1555, 21 volumes), was developed by Johann Christoph Adelunga.

Borges has repeatedly appealed to the writings of Gesner in his fantastic "Bestiary", as well as in the fantasies on themes of universal grammar and universal language.