Ivan Golikov

Picture of Ivan Golikov

Date of Birth: 1735

Age: 66

Place of birth: Kursk

Citizenship: Russia


Initial education Golikova was pretty meager. Early acquaintance with handwritten notes Archimandrite Michael, formerly chaplain under Peter the Great and the witness of many events of this era, it caused in Golikova childhood keen interest in the individual converter. Life in Moscow, Orenburg and St. Petersburg on business, as well as the election of a deputy to the commission to compose a new Code (1767), Golikova put into relations with people who knew close events Petrovsky reign. Little by little, Golikov began to write heard, collect written materials. Sentenced to exile in Siberia in the case of abuse of the wine bought off, Golikov was pardoned on the occasion of opening of the monument to Peter the Great in St. Petersburg., In 1782. Then Golikov publicly vowed to write the history of Peter the Great. After moving to Moscow, he devoted the rest of his life to the fulfillment of his promise. Great assistance rendered Golikova II Neplyuev, PI Rychkov, II Shuvalov, Krekshino, Count AR Vorontsov, Princess ER Dashkova, especially GF Miller and NN Bantysh-Kamensky. In addition, Golikov scooped material in the folk tradition, from Moscow booksellers, in the archives of the provincial (Voronezh). Archive of the Academy of Sciences, and - most important for him - foreign college became available for Golikova only after "the Acts", not earlier than 1789 Golikova own library contained 1,500 manuscripts and printed books. She subsequently moved to VN Karazin, and from him (the actual manuscript) - in drevnehranilische Pogodin. With the assistance of Demidov, Golikov published in 1788 - 1789 years "Acts of Peter the Great, the wise reformer of Russia collected from credible sources and arranged by year." The success of the book, which sold quickly prompted the author to release in 1790 - 97 years 18 volumes of the "Supplements". The second edition of the compact Golikova materials (M., 1837 - 43), the first is more convenient, thanks to the overall index, but it is less complete. The monumental work Golikova is a simple chronological set of data, also without checking the facts, with frequent errors in reading the manuscript material. The feeling of joy and boundless devotion to Peter, naive admiration for his "iroem" deprived Golikova opportunities critical to understand the sources. For its time, however, the "Acts" had great importance as the first set of facts and diligent attempt to systematize them. In the "Acts" brought up a generation of Russian people, and the extraordinary aura devoid of roots in the past, that up to half of the XIX century was surrounded by the work of Peter the Great, has been created to a large extent the work Golikova. Before Ustryalov and Soloviev, generally before the release of new data on the Petrine era (with the accession of Emperor Alexander II of), Golikov, one might say, as the only major source for almost all historians of the reign of Petrovsky (Gall, Bergman and OE). - Other works Golikova: 1) "Anecdotes related to Peter the Great" (izd. 2nd, M., 1798, Vol. 3 rd, 1807) - actually a reprint of Volume XVII "addition", with the addition of new data; 2) "The historical image of life Lefort" (Wiley, 1800) - part of planned further in the processing of "Acts" series of biographies of the companions of Peter the Great; 3) "The decline of Russian course and elevation" (Wiley, 1809).