Ivan Briuhoveckij

Picture of Ivan Briuhoveckij

Age: 45

Place of birth: Bryukhovychi

Citizenship: Russia


Education was, apparently, as soon as elementary; but he was not deprived of his giftedness, eloquent, resourceful. A distinctive feature of Briukhovetsky were full unscrupulousness and impudence in achieving their goals. He began his career in the personal service of Hetman Khmelnitsky, father and son. Yuri Khmelnitsky sent him with the request to Zaporozhye, and this trip was for Briukhovetsky crucial. He did not return to Zaporozhye, since realized that he could make it support his elevation. Zaporozhye at that time played a big role in the Ukrainian society, constantly interfering in political developments and directing them according to their likes and interests. Zaporozhye has always acted as a representative of the mob in the bifurcation between the Cossack leaders, on the one hand, and on the other pospolstvom, which has already become to take shape at this time. Bryukhovetsky assumed the role of an ardent demagogue: beautiful folk thought of Ganja Andybere keep the memories of the role in which he performed at Zaporozhye. Soon he was chosen - "Hetman kosh," as was the call itself. But the state of Zaporizhzhya Cossack was Bryukhovetskaya a convenient stage for the implementation of its ambitious plans. He gained favor Boyar Romodanovsky, which was in the hands of the heads of Moscow army in the Ukraine, and made friends with the influential Bishop Methodius, was considered the guardian of the Metropolitan See. Methodius, which was shared equally Briukhovetsky complete lack of principle, has become a powerful tool to achieve the intended purpose Bryukhovetskaya them. This goal was to seize power in the left-bank hetman Ukraine. Just at that time already become perceptible gap between the right bank and left bank. Right Bank had its special Hetman Teteria in the face; on the left bank struggled for power two contenders, both relying on kinship with Bogdan Khmelnitsky: Pereyaslav Colonel Somko Zolotarenko and Nijinsky. Somko already enjoyed the title of acting hetman and Cossack leaders was selected on its council in real hetman. But the feud for power between the two colonels continued, and it took a third, suddenly speaking, a contender for the hetman - Bryukhovetsky. In view of this danger and Somko Zolotarenko reconciled; but it was too late. Bryukhovetsky managed to bring Moscow`s intervention and its insistence that the choice for Hetman was convened so-called black glad t. E. Is pleased with the participation of not only the elders or the Cossacks, but just pospolstva and Zaporozhye. This pleased held under Nezhin in June 1663 in the presence sent from Moscow Boyar Velikogagina. The first day of glad resolved dump between supporters and Somko Briukhovetsky; on the second day was Bryukhovetsky peacefully chosen hetman, as all Cossack regiments, after the Cossacks and black, crossed to his side. After the election, began looting property Cossack. Representatives hostile Bryukhovetskaya elders were arrested and then exiled to Siberia, and Somko Zolotarenko - executed. Having become hetman, Bryukhovetsky left demagogic stance and began to strengthen its position ties with Moscow. He has brought in its relations with the Moscow government the servility and sycophancy, from which so far refrained Ukrainian hetman: In an address to the king, he wrote himself "Ivashka" "footrest" king, etc. The first of the hetman went he bow to.. Moscow took the title of nobleman, married Moscow boyaryshne Saltykova. But most importantly, what he hoped to buy a fully favor in Moscow and to consolidate its position - the proposal to the Moscow government, ostensibly on behalf of their country-driven, enhanced interference in its internal life. Such a proposal was extremely pleased to Moscow since cleared the way to the coveted its traditional policy. In all the great cities were sent to the Ukraine is now in Moscow magistrates with extended competence and the right to levy taxes. For the purpose of levying the tax-paying population census, instituted the general murmur was arranged. In its cooperation Bryukhovetsky went so far as to ask the appointment of Metropolitan of Moscow, which has refused from the Moscow government is not considering himself the right to dispose of the Kyiv Metropolis without the blessing of the Patriarch of Constantinople. All layers Little Russian society were outraged by the actions of the Hetman. Meanwhile, in 1667 brought Andrusovo contract. Cleavage of Ukraine on the left bank and right bank became a political fact, secured the agreement of Poland and Moscow, that without the participation of the Ukrainian population is shared between its territory. Public discontent took the form of sharp and focused on Bryukhovetskiy, who became the object of general hatred. At the same time, on the right bank came to the fore as the hetman Doroshenko, in which all feel patriot and ardent advocate of the unity of Ukraine. Doroshenko had sent on the left bank "lovely" letter that troubled minds. Doroshenko Demolition and Bryukhovetskaya, urging him to abandon Moscow and promising to help him make the hetman under the auspices of Turkey and the Crimea. Feeling the fragility of his position, Bryukhovetsky surrendered. He changed Moscow and raised a revolt against it: first of all the governors were expelled. But it did not save Briukhovetsky, as there was a general desire to have a hetman Doroshenko. Last appeared with his army on the left bank; Both Hetman Serbinskom met on the field near the village of Dikanka. Cossacks Briukhovetsky immediately declared themselves supporters Doroshenko, Briukhovetsky grabbed and dragged it to the right-bank hetman. Doroshenko ordered to chain him to the gun, and at the same time made a sign with his hand: the Cossacks took the gesture for death sentence and killed Briukhovetsky. Terribly disfigured corpse was taken to him by order of Doroshenko in Gadyach, where he was buried with honors Hetman. - See Kostomarov, "Monographs", vol XV, SE "Hetmanship Briukhovetsky" ( "Kiev Antiquity", 1881)...