Ivan Borisov

Picture of Ivan Borisov

Citizenship: Russia


Since 1836, Bishop; the department held in Vologda and Kharkiv; He died Archbishop of Kherson and Tavria. He introduced a new method of presentation of theology - historical and historical-comparative, widely using the benefits of Western theological literature, mostly Protestant, original working on primary sources. In the course of 16 years as a professor, he taught in self-treatment, all the main branches of theology. With a great gift presentation, he revived interest in the scientist studies among students. In Kiev, he reached the abolition of teaching theology in Latin, was holding Russian theology in bondage to the Catholic theology. They introduced new items of teaching, according to the level of scientific development in the West. He formed a whole generation of Russian scholars and scientists, and took an active part in the reconstruction of the spiritual and educational institutions, in the preparation of new academic programs and seminar courses. Innovation in its theology was greeted with hostility by many; One time, he had a reputation for "neology"; was even instituted a "secret inquiry" about his way of thinking, it ended in complete justification. Church-historical works of his "Life of the Apostle Paul," "Life of St. Cyprian," "The last days of the earthly life of Jesus Christ," marked the beginning of his scientific fame, but of these the latter was recognized as too "liberal" and for 30 years have not It could be reissued. In Kiev, it was founded the weekly "Sunday Reading", in which he placed, mainly his work. From a number of other scientists of his businesses has been completely carried out only one thing: "Monument of Faith" - a collection of veroizlozheny and characters from the beginning of the church until a later time; but was printed by the end of Innocent`s life, "Monument" is not released to the public. His other works (other than translations): "History of the Christian Church in Poland" (two chapters of this work they are printed in the "Journal of the Ministry of National Education", but in general the form of an essay did not appear); "Vertograd spiritual" - a collection of the best sermons (only materials collected); "Church Archives" - library of ancient and modern works of the church (the program). Many scientists of the enterprise for which they are detailed notes, made after it (eg, "The meeting of church rules", "The Acts of the Ecumenical and Local Councils"). He is the initiative of the scientist describing libraries and collection of manuscripts of the monasteries in the centers scientists - Academy, as well as the initiative of the restoration and description of antiquities of the Crimea and the Caucasus, and all the other places where he episkopstvoval. In Odessa, they founded "Bulgarian rector," which, to the liberation of Bulgaria, gave shelter and education to hundreds of Bulgarian youths. Innocent Mostly famous as a preacher. Possessing a strong oratorical talent, he preached in nearly each of its liturgy, always making a big impression on the audience. Although not the originality and boldness of thought, Innocent`s sermons are an excellent example of the orthodox rhetoric. Printed sermons its spread throughout Russia; some of them translated into languages ??- French, German, Polish, Serbian, Greek, Armenian. Preaching talent Innocent developed mainly on the study of Chrysostom, Bossuet, and other celebrities Massilona West. Standing at the head of the dioceses, he resumed and re-arranged the monasteries, built churches, cared about improving the material life and the rise of education of the rural clergy. In close relationship to the chief procurator of the Synod and to the other bishops, of which more than twenty have been in correspondence with him, Innocent had a great influence on the general course of church affairs, at least for a quarter century. Much courage and energy showed Innocent in the Crimean campaign; often being in the fire, he consoled and encouraged soldiers dying. The real biography of Innocent has not yet been written. Works of his are published several times in St. Petersburg, in 1871 - 74 and 1908. - See MP. Pogodin "wreath on the tomb of Innocent" (1864); "Materials for the biography of Innocent" (Collected by Prof. NI Barsov 1884 and 1887..); NI Barca in the "Russian Biographical Dictionary"; Priest Boutkevitch "Innocent, Archbishop of Kherson" (SPb., 1887). The main material for the biography of Innocent - a collection of letters to him and others of his papers, manuscripts are in the Imperial Public Library.