Iurij Venelin

Picture of Iurij Venelin

Date of Birth: 05/04/1802

Age: 36

Place of birth: Tibava

Citizenship: Russia


Intrigued by history, Venelin secretly goes to Galicia, in 1822 enters the University of Lviv and change the name to Venelovich-Venelin to spiritual authorities did not recognize his fellows. Interest in Russian and Slavic history led Venelin in Russia. In Chisinau, he was a teacher in the seminary, where he met with Bulgarian emigrants and became interested in the distant past of the Bulgarians. With great difficulty he got to Moscow (1825), but did not at the History and Philology and Faculty of Medicine. This had unfortunate consequences for Venelin: medicine he was bored, and historical lessons remained an amateur. Impact on Venelin had Aksakov (his son, Constantine, Venelin giving lessons) and Pogodin, and Venelin intensified interest Pogodin to Slavs. Review of a book on Yakovenko Romanians Venelin appeared in print ( "Moscow Journal", 1828); after a year out of his "ancient and present Bulgaria in the political, narodopisnom, historical and religious their attitude to the Russians" (vol. I, M., 1829). He studied here, mainly the question of the origin of the Bulgarians, proving that they belong to the Slavic-Russian tribe, not the Tatar (opinion Tunmana and Engel), indicating the similarity between the Russian and Asian (Volga) Bulgarians in language, manners, customs, religion and . etc. Conclusion Venelin that the Slavs -. such as the old-timers in Europe, as the Greeks and Romans, runs through the whole of his book, which has a value not a scientific study, but rather a Slavophile appeal with enthusiasm before the past and hopes for the future of the great Slavic people, with thoughts of equal rights of all of the tribes. Deprived of a method that is independent of the authorities, "self-taught" in collecting and kommentirovke material suppressed in advance matured the idea of ??kinship Bulgarians with Russian enthusiast Venelin was not appreciated by Russian criticism, do not pay attention to the only valuable part of the book, where they talked about the modern Bulgarians. This information was full of news: the book Venelin Bulgaria, which until recently was mixed with the Serbs, were presented for the first time how much people within the former Bulgaria, Rumelia, Macedonia, Thessaly, Albania, the Romanian lands, Bessarabia and Novorossiysk province. Do not be adverse political environment, they are, according to Venelin could be as huge nation like the Russians; they continue to speak their native language (before the war in 1828 stated in a Moscow magazine, that the Balkan Slavs disappeared and have not heard Slavic sounds beyond the Danube). None of the "European publicists, philanthropic politicians", sighing over the fate of the Greeks, does not remember about the Bulgarians; Russian historians list the extinct tribes Pomeranian Slavs and Bulgarians know about living, from which Russia received the baptism in the language which the read and write almost Lomonosov. Book Venelin adopted rather unfavorably, although no serious objections made to him. Venelin dreamed of a trip to Bulgaria. Moscow patrons gave him through Shishkova first time trip for a year by the Academy of Sciences for the study of written records, archeology and "novobolgarskogo" language. In the spring of 1830 Venelin goes to "for classical philologists and historians Slavic country", "home Bayan, Slavic Ossian." I saw it in reality very little, and then only with difficulty, had to limit ourselves to only the north-eastern point (Russian troops had already left Bulgaria), complained about the suspicion of the Bulgarians; I learned of the existence of the "History of Paisii Hilandar" and in the autumn he moved to Wallachia. The linguistic and folkloric material (about 50 songs) he collected from Bulgarian emigrants, but not in Bulgaria itself. He wrote off a lot of letters in the Bucharest archdiocese and individual and through Moldova Chisinau and returned to Moscow (1831). Heavy material conditions, lessons, magazine work, passion for big and dark scientific issues, and other circumstances detained him Academy report, and only two years later he sent her a copy of the 66 "Vlaho-Bulgarian or Daco-Slav" credentials, with 20 photographs, historical preface , commentaries and dictionaries. In 1834, the Department of Slavic were established in Russian universities. Pogodin recommend Venelin Moscow University, for anything but the Bulgarian grammar and a list of works, presented the Faculty of valuable and now widely conceived "Summary of teaching the history of the Slavic language and literature", composed by the definition of Council of Moscow State University (printed P. Lavrov in II T. "Proceedings of the Slav Kom Antiquities of the Moscow Archaeological Society...", 1898, II of the Department, 110 -. 124). Did not have a scientific degree, Venelin not poluchilkafedry. He continued to develop materials, wrote an essay "On the source of folk poetry in general and in particular the southern Russian" (Wiley, 1834) with the characteristic of Great and Little-Russian songs, the rest of the manuscript the first time "Grammar of the current Bulgarian dialect" (Venelin not know different dialects, in fact, very different, fond of hypotheses, sometimes fantasized, and in general his idea of ??randomly Bulgarian); He published the book "The nature of folk songs Transdanubian Slavs" (Wiley, 1835), with a very nice feature of the Slavic soul on the basis of images and moods song (Wed. review Belinsky, "Complete Works", S. Vengerov edition, II, 397 - 401), and then study "The ancient and present Slovenia in political, narodopisnom, historical and religious their attitude to the Russians" (history of the Pannonian Slavs, which always fascinated Venelin relates and, of course, non-Slavic peoples such as the Etruscans). Other works: "Skandinavomaniya and its fans, or Centenary research Varangian" (against the theory and Schlozer Bayer); "About the bud novobolgarskoy literature" ( "Moscow Observer", 1837, IX and 1838 Dep.); "The adoption of Christianity to the Slavic peoples of Cyril and Methodius" (1839). Illness, service in one of the institutions, as a result of the dismissal of some intrigue on the part of the printing failure of his books (completed after the death of Venelin), quarrelsome character, isolation, frustration chain - all poisons his last years Venelin. I buried it in the Danilov Monastery.