Itzhak Ben-tzvi

Picture of Itzhak Ben-tzvi

Date of Birth: 11/24/1884

Age: 78

Place of birth: Poltava

Citizenship: Israel


He was forced to interrupt his studies because of the general strike. In the same year in Ukraine was a wave of anti-Jewish pogroms. Yitzhak Ben-Zvi joined the ranks of activists of the Jewish youth organization, created in Poltava in self-defense. Isaac is also beginning to play a prominent role in the Zionist socialist party Poale Zion, which was founded in 1906 in Ukraine.

In 1907, Ben-Zvi moved to Eretz Yisrael. In the same year he was a delegate to the Eighth Zionist Congress, held in The Hague, the party Poale Zion. In 1907, Ben-Zvi took part at the base of the military organization Bar Giora. In 1909, he met Rachel Yanait, leader of the labor movement, whom he married in 1918. Together, they participated in the formation of the organization HaShomer.

In 1909, the party Poale Zion directs Yitzhak Ben Zvi in ??Turkey, where he established ties with the Jewish communities and Jewish leaders of the labor movement. . In 1910, Ben-Zvi, together with Rachel Yanait and others founded the first organ of the socialist movement in Hebrew in Eretz Yisrael - Ahdut (Unity).

When the First World War, Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, David Ben-Gurion and other Zionist leaders were deported from Palestine. Ben-Zvi and Ben Gurion went to New York, where in 1915 founded the movement haHaluts with branches in many cities of America. In 1918, Yitzhak Ben-Zvi and Ben Gurion returned to Palestine as soldiers evreyskogolegiona in the British army.

In 1919, Ben-Zvi was elected to the central committee of the party Ahdut haAvoda, and a year later to the secretariat of the Histadrut (Federation of Workers of Eretz Israel). When creating Vaad Leumi (National Committee) Yitzhak Ben-Zvi became a member of its leaders, in 1931 became the chairman of the committee, and in 1945 - the president.

Since 1920, when the military organization Haganah, Ben-Zvi took an active part in the actions of self-defense of Jewish settlements it was formed. His son Eli, a member of the kibbutz movement, was killed during the War of Independence in 1948.

After the proclamation of the State of Israel`s independence in 1948, Ben-Zvi was elected to the Knesset ivtorogo first convocation (1949 -. 1952), it is represented in the Knesset, Mapai. After the death of Chaim Weizmann, Ben-Zvi was elected president of Israel in 1952. In 1957, the Knesset re-elected to his second term as president. In 1962, Ben-Zvi was the third time elected president. He died April 23, 1963.

Yitzhak Ben-Zvi headed the Institute for the Study of Oriental Jewish communities living in the Middle East, which he founded in 1948. Later, the institute was renamed the Ben-Zvi Institute. Yitzhak Ben-Zvi`s scientific activity was devoted to the study of the history of Jewish communities, religious movements, geography the land of Israel, traditions and cultural values ??of the ancient population of the Land of Israel.