Ilya Gromoglasov

Picture of Ilya Gromoglasov

Date of Birth: 07/19/1869

Age: 68

Place of birth: village Ermishi Temnikov County Tambov province

Citizenship: Russia


Born in a poor family rural church deacon. He was married to the girl Lydia, the daughter of Prince Nikolai Fedorovich Dulova.

Graduated Shatskikh seminary, Tambov seminary, the Moscow Theological Academy in 1893 with a degree in Theology (The theme of the work: "Whether ministering the marriage of persons applying from split and lived before going to marriage (Experience resolve the issue on the dogmatic-canonical basis ) ", work awarded Metropolitan Joseph Prize).

In 1893-1894 - professor`s scholarship at the Academy. Master of Theology (1908, thesis: "... the definition of marriage in the Rudder and their importance in the study of the form of the Christian brakozaklyucheniya Issue 1 Introduction The definition of marriage in chapter 48 Helmsman"; this work was awarded the Prize of Metropolitan Macarius).

In 1914 he passed the exam at the Faculty of Moscow State University and was awarded a diploma of the first degree. In 1916, he survived oral examinations on church and state law on the degree of Master of canon law.

From 1894 - fulfilling an associate professor at the Department of Russian history of the division. Since 1900, also taught English. He was a member of the Moscow Society of Lovers of spiritual enlightenment, uniting liberal church leaders.

From April 1909 - the senior lecturer. Since December 1909 - an extraordinary professor in the Department of Russian Academy of division history. In 1911 he was dismissed for "progressive views" expressed by them in the newspaper, as well as belonging "to the number of professors who joined the so-called liberation movement." He was supported by the liberal professors Academy and initiated dismissal was rector of Bishop Theodore (Pozdeevsky), known for extremely conservative views.

In 1909-1912 - an inspector of classes Mariinsky female schools. In 1912-1916 - the assistant to a member of the Moscow City Government, Head of the school`s office. Also, teaching Russian literature and general history at the Moscow girls` school, which was in charge of his wife. Since 1916 - assistant professor of the law faculty of Moscow University in the department of ecclesiastical law and ecclesiastical law lecturer of the Higher Courses for Women Law VA Poltoratsky.

In 1917, after the February Revolution, he was restored to the rank of Professor of the Moscow Theological Academy on the faculty of canon law, while at the same time professor of Moscow State University (until 1921, when he was dismissed because of ideological differences with the Soviets) and the teacher of the school of the second stage. In 1920 he was elected full-time professor at the academy, which by that time had already functioned informally.

In May 1917 he became a member of the Board of Preconciliar. Member of the Local Council of 1917-1918, where he was elected a member of the Supreme Church Council of the Laity. He was an active supporter of the movement for the participation of the laity they put the church and for the conduct of the conciliar principle in its management. Initially advocated synodal church management vosstanovleiya against the Patriarchate. When discussing the message of Patriarch Tikhon, which excommunicated by angry (by which was meant the Bolsheviks), supported the document, saying: "This is the moment of our self-determination; everyone has the face of his conscience and the Church to decide for itself, to say who he is - a Christian or not, whether he remained faithful to the Church, or changed to Christ, faithful to it the banner of the Church, or dropped it, stomps his feet and goes for those who trample our sanctuary ". Spoke out against the resolution of the second marriage for the clergy, defended the inviolability of church canons.

February 18, 1922, Patriarch Tikhon ordained him to the diaconate to the temple of the Holy Martyr Antipas in Moscow, and on February 20 - a priest of the same church. March 22, 1922 was arrested. In the process to seize church property, he was sentenced to one and a half years in prison, which is then replaced by the reference year. However, in Moscow it was left - was kept in Butyrskaya, Sokolniki house of correction, and in the inner prison of the GPU. After his release, August 1, 1923 he was provisionally appointed rector of the Resurrection church in Kadashi, and on 30 September the congregation elected him to the post. March 8, 1924 he was arrested again and sentenced to three board OGPU years of exile to the Urals, but the sentence was suspended.

He was an admirer of Patriarch Tikhon. After his death in April 1925 he was one of the first who predicted his canonization: "We believe and we know that he is blameless doer Church will stand before the throne of God and intercede with groanings neizglagolannymi of the Russian Church, the angel that he was among us. And we believe that the Lord have mercy on the Russian Orthodox Church through the prayers of His Holiness Patriarch Tikhon of our father ... ".

In 1925 he was arrested for the third time and exiled for three years in the village of Surgut Tobolsk District (reference period began May 19, 1925). At the end of the reference he was forbidden to live in Moscow and other big cities. He settled in Tver, where he served in the temple of the Mother of God of the Burning Bush.

In the night from 2 to 3 November 1937, he was arrested for the fourth time. Accused of involvement in the counter-revolutionary fascist-monarchist organization headed by Archbishop Thaddeus. He pleaded not guilty, the charges emphatically rejected any names "accomplices" did not call.

December 2 NKVD troika sentenced him to death. The sentence was executed two days later. I buried in a common grave at the cemetery Volyn Tver.

September 19, 1999 as a locally venerated saints canonized Tver diocese. Canonized the New Martyrs and Confessors Russian on the Jubilee Bishops` Council of the Russian Orthodox Church in August 2000 for churchwide veneration.