Date of Birth: 09/01/1906
Citizenship: Dominican p.
Joaquin Balaguer Ricardo Amparo was born September 1, 1906 in the town of Navarrete (now the Villa Beeson). In the days of the Trujillo regime several times he held executive and diplomatic posts, shutting down the post of Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1954 and Vice President in the 1957-60 biennium.
Balaguer was sworn in when Hector Trujillo (General Rafael Trujillo`s brother) left the post due to his illness. Since Rafael was still concentrated in his hands all power, Balaguer, being only formally the president could carry out a very careful and subtle changes in the country. After the assassination of Rafael Trujillo in 1961, Balaguer tried to liberalize the government and the Organization of American States (OAS) lifted economic sanctions against the Dominican Republic during the Trujillo dictatorship.
However, Balaguer reforms were too fast for the supporters of Trujillo and too slow for others. In the summer of 1961 began the strike, mass rallies and demonstrations. On the suppression of the general strike in December of all armed forces of the country were abandoned the same year. Simultaneously Balaguer made a public statement on the establishment under his chairmanship of the Council of State, which assumed the supreme legislative and executive power. But despite feverishly to take measures to stabilize the situation, to establish order in the country Balaguer did not succeed.
The fragility of the military government, which came to power in a coup, forcing Balaguer to retire in 1962 and take refuge in the United States. He returned to his homeland only in 1965 after the US military intervention. In the elections of June 1, 1966, took place in conditions of military occupation Balaguer became president as a candidate he created in 1964 the Reform Party. Immediately after the elections the new president began to actively promote the penetration of US investment in all areas of economic life.
He was re-elected in 1970 and 1974, but these later presidential terms were marred by political instability, inflation and violations during the election campaign. Balaguer lost the elections in 1978 (the first since 1966, to kotoryhpobedu won the main opposition party), his rival Antonio Guzman Fernandez and elections in 1982. However, in 1986 he again became president (this time as a candidate of the Reformist Social Christian Party) and was re-elected in 1990 and 1994.
During his presidency, he has created an unprecedented program of public works, which spawned a huge domestic debt and endangered economic stability in the country. After the international observers have questioned the legality of the re-election of Balaguer in 1994, he was forced to cut its four-year term and appointed elections in 1996, which was won by the representative of the Dominican Liberation Party Lionel Reina.