Georgij Gapon

Picture of Georgij Gapon

Date of Birth: 02/17/1870

Age: 36

Place of birth: Poltava

Citizenship: Russia


Gapon Georgy - leader of the revolutionary period of 1904 - 05 years. Born around 1870 .; He came from the Little Russian Cossacks; at the end of the Poltava Seminary served briefly Zemsky statistician in Poltava province, then there was a priest. Entered the St. Petersburg Theological Academy, from which he graduated in 1903. Even during his stay in the Theological Academy began his dual service: on the one hand, the revolutionary workers` movement, on the other hand - the Police Department and the Police Department. He made friends with the chief of the Moscow Police Department Zubatovs with Rachkovskiy and other officials of the Police Department and thanks to these relations could relatively freely to participate in the life of the working class of St. Petersburg, as its organizer and agitator. In 1903, he received a priest in St. Petersburg transit prison and, with the permission of the administration, founded the "Society of Russian factory workers", held in St. Petersburg from 11 departments, which has thousands of members. These departments met to discuss their cases, have the cashier; their organization was the mediator between the workers and the employers, as well as the City of St. Petersburg, who regarded Hapon his own man. Gapon at the beginning managed to acquire huge popularity among the workers. He then promoted the idea that the monarchy does not contradict the requirements of the working class; he argued that workers should be properly organized to demand improvement in their condition -.. to increase wages, reduce working hours, improve the health, hygiene and other conditions of work and so on, but do not interfere in politics. Thus, his campaign had the character of a conservative-democratic or perhaps demagogic; but since the end of 1904 it changed its meaning, and it is clearly revolutionary. At the beginning of January 1905 dismissal of several workers Putilov has led Gapon society to present to the administration the requirement to reverse their decision-plant; when the request was not honored, it started a huge strike that covered up to 150 000 workers of St. Petersburg. On Sunday, January 9, 1905 Gapon organized a grand procession of workers from the premises of St. Petersburg department of his company in different parts of the city to the Winter Palace to present a petition to the Emperor. The petition was drawn up with his participation, and contained a variety of far-reaching economic and political demands: the eight-hour day, freedom of expression, strikes, etc. Crowds of workers with wives and children, carrying in front of the king`s portraits and banners taken from the church, with the singing of the prayer "Lord, save Thy people," marched to the Winter Palace, but were met with bullets, and a significant number of them were wounded and killed. Hapon managed to escape, he turned to the working class with a letter very revolutionary content, which has been distributed illegally, and fled abroad. There he made friends with various revolutionary parties, tried to play the role of mediator between the two, but he was completely unable to understand their programs and tactical issues that historical moment. In the fall of 1905, he secretly returned to St. Petersburg, had intercourse with Count Witte, who was then chairman of the Council of Ministers, received money from the government for the losses incurred by the Company as a result of its closure, was again close relations with the police department. March 28, 1906 he was killed by the Socialist-Revolutionaries Rutenberg on an empty cottage in Ozerki. Gapon`s personality still can not be considered entirely unclear. This he wanted to serve the working class or the police, and one of them he wanted to bring - to this question are given different answers. Anyway, he has played a very big role in the awakening of the working class, but at the same time, his ambiguous actions contributed to the introduction of the system in the working environment of the inner expansion elements, planting espionage, provocation, mutual distrust. Abroad was published in English of his autobiography - "The story of my life, by Father Gapon" (L., 1906), which represents a translation from the manuscript and made his dictation in his words. . - See V. Korolenko, "9 th of January in St. Petersburg" ( "Russian Wealth", 1905, number 1; generally sympathetic Gapon); Gurevich, "The people`s movement in St. Petersburg, January 9, 1905" ( "The Past", 1906,