Gabrielle Dee Giffords
Date of birth: 08.06.1970
Place of birth: Tucson
Citizenship: United States
Gabrielle Dee "Gabby" Giffords (Gabrielle Dee "Gabby" Giffords) was born June 8, 1970 in Tucson, Arizona, USA. Giffords grandfather on the paternal side, Hornshteyn Akiba (Akiba Hornstein), was the son of a rabbi from Lithuania. In 1940 he settled in Southern Arizona, and changed his name and surname to Giffords Gif (Gif Giffords). Father Gabriel called Spencer (Spencer), and her mother was a Christian, her name Gloria (Gloria). Later, Giffords has actively participated in the activities of religious Jewish communities in his state.
In 1993, Giffords graduated from Scripps College (Scripps College) in California with a degree in Latin American history and sociology, and then for a year doing research in the Mexican state of Chihuahua as a Fulbright Scholar (Fulbright program). In 1996 (according to other sources, in 1997 ) Giffords also graduated from Cornell University (Cornell University) with a degree in Regional Planning Master. After that, she worked for a year in audit company of PricewaterhouseCoopers, in 1997, returned to Tucson and became the CEO of El Campo Tire Company, which was founded by her grandfather and was engaged in selling tires. In 2000, the Giffords family sold the business and went into politics.
From 2001 to 2003, Giffords was a member of the House of Representatives of Arizona, was elected to the State Senate from the US Democratic Party in 2002 and took the post in January 2003. She took part in the work of the ADL (Anti-Defamation League), a human rights organization dedicated to fighting anti-Semitism, in 2005, it has provided voluntary assistance to the victims of Hurricane Katrina.
In 2006, Giffords won the elections in the US House of Representatives from Arizona`s 8 electoral district, beating Republican Randy Graf (Randy Graf) and became the first Jew to be elected to Congress from the state. Giffords officially has taken over the new position on January 3, 2007. She successfully re-elected in 2008 and 2010, and 2010 elections were one of the worst: she was small margin (48.8 vs. 47.3 percent of the vote) was able to defeat the Republican candidate Jesse Kelly (Jesse Kelly) - the candidate of the so-called " Tea party "(Tea party), brings together the most conservative wing of the Republican right. The press called Kelly even more conservative than Sarah Palin, candidate for US vice-president in 2008.
In the House, Giffords enjoyed a reputation as a centrist politician. She advocated for strengthening the protection of the border with Mexico, but voted in favor of an increase in the quota for immigrant workers in this country and has been vice-chairman of the interparliamentary group of the US-Mexico. Giffords was a member of the House Committee on Armed Services and the Committee worked with the US National Aerospace Agency (NASA). In 2009, she opposed the termination of funding for the program "Constellation", which provided a new manned mission to the Moon. In 2010, the decision to close the program "Constellation" was made by President Barack Obama.
Giffords has been a supporter of the transition to renewable energy sources, in 2010, it has made allocation of $ 1.45 billion from the federal budget for the construction of a solar power plant in Arizona. She also advocated the reduction of salaries of congressmen. In 2010, Giffords voted for President Obama`s proposed health care reform. In early 2010, Sarah Palin, oppose this reform, has published a scandalous list under the heading "Do not abandon - insert a new cartridge" (Don`t Retreat, Instead -! RELOAD), gdefamiliya congressmen, including Giffords was tagged familiar sight. It is noteworthy that after the vote for reform Giffords office in Tucson podvergnulis vandalized, and to Congressman e-mail received threats.
January 8, 2011, during a meeting with voters in Tucson on Giffords was assassinated. The offender opened fire indiscriminately, killing six people, including federal judge John Rolla (John Roll) and a nine-year girl. 14 people were injured, most Giffords was shot in the head. The gunman was immediately arrested and identified as Jared Lee Loughner, a native of Tucson. It was also reported that Lofner had an accomplice.
After the news of the attempt on Giffords Palin expressed her condolences to the bereaved families. The site, which was published a scandalous list was closed, but observers believed that this event will inevitably cause damage Pyelin campaign if she decides to run for president in 2012.
Giffords is married, her husband Mark Kelly (Mark Kelly) - astronaut, a member of the two missions, "Space Shuttle". Cousin Giffords - known American actress, winner of the award "Oscar" Gwyneth Paltrow (Gwyneth Paltrow).