Fustel De Coulanges

Picture of Fustel De Coulanges

Date of Birth: 03/18/1830

Age: 59

Place of birth: Rome

Citizenship: France


ND Fustel de Coulanges (1830-1889), he took part in archeological expeditions, conducted excavations in Greece. As a historian was engaged mainly studying classical antiquity. From 1860 to 1870 - a professor of history at Strasbourg University, those later with some interruptions - at the Sorbonne. The most important of his work on the history of religion has been published in France in 1864 - the work of the ancient city (in Russian lane "Civic community of the ancient world", St. Petersburg, 1906...). Fustel de Coulanges one of the first to understand that religious ideas are the elements of the social environment. He argued that social antiquity institutions (in the ancient world - such as the family, phratry, urban community) will remain a mystery, unless we understand the religious beliefs of the era should be explained, and to find the correct assessment of the religion to understand, in particular, the Greek and Roman civilizations which onzanimalsya. The main changes in their history are related to the changes in the religious life. The historian must find the roots of religious practices and beliefs in the society which he is studying, try to determine the function of these rituals, customs and ideas in the social structure.

It should be recognized a significant difference between the ancient and modern societies, not to idealize or "modernize" religion of ancient societies, taking into account both the indisputable fact the progressive development of human intelligence

In the works of Fustel de Coulanges historical study of religion has brought to the discovery of its social dimension, in which perhaps the first historical research methods were connected with sociological.

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Religion and Society: Readings on the sociology of religion. - Moscow: Aspect Press, 1996.