Francois Bozize

Picture of Francois Bozize

Date of Birth: 10/14/1946

Age: 70

Place of birth: Mouila

Citizenship: CAR


Start a career and reign Kolingba

Bozize was born in Mouila, Gabon, graduated from military college in the Central province of Bouar, received by 1975 the rank of captain. In 1978, Emperor Bokassa appointed him a brigadier general. After the overthrow Bokassa David Dacko in 1979, Bozize was appointed Minister of Defense, and during the rule of General Kolingba (1981-1993) - the post of Minister of Communications. However, Bozize subsequently was accused of preparing a coup, in July 1989 he was arrested in Cotonou, Benin, imprisoned and tortured. Acquitted and released it was only in late 1991,

Bozize announced his candidacy in the presidential election of 1993, but which has become lost as a result of President Ange-Felix Patasse.

Support Patasse

For many years Bozize was considered a supporter of Patasse, to help him suppress army mutinies in 1996 and 1997. Largely for these services, Bozize was appointed head of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Central African Republic.

against Patasse

However, in May 2001, against the background of another failed coup attempt loyalty Bozize has been called into question. The rebellion was crushed by a Libyan army units. Bozize refused to answer questions relating to his role in plotting a coup in late October 2001, he was dismissed from the post of Chief of the General Staff of the army, deprived of the rank of general, and in November, with 300 supporters fled to Chad.

With Chad, Bozize units throughout 2002 was carried out raids on the Central African Republic. In October, they even tried to seize the capital, Bangui, where fighting continued for six days. However, with the help of Libyan troops and 1,000 soldiers, aimed at helping President Patasse commander of the Movement for the Liberation of Congo (rebel group in the Democratic Republic of the Congo), Jean-Pierre Bemba, Patasse was able to repel the attack on the city. But knocking out the rebel capital, Bangui, the Allies began to plunder and do violence against its citizens, which led to accusations the president of abuse of power and treason. Responding to numerous opposition calls for dialogue, Mr. Patasse stated that he would "soon hold talks with leaders of political parties and the civilian population" and to discuss ways out of the crisis and accused the president of Chad Idriss Deby in helping the rebels, but Deby rejected all charges.

The last coup

March 15, 2003 attempt to seize power Bozize finally come to fruition. In the afternoon, armed opposition groups have invaded Bangui, who without encountering noticeable resistance, full control over the city, including the airport. During the battle for the capital of the short foreign embassies and their staff were not injured. However, the city has been caused minor material damage. The coup was carried out during the absence of the country`s President Patasse, who was on a visit to Niger. Patasse was forced to go to Cameroon and then Togo.

After coming to power Bozize suspended the constitution CAR 1995 The new constitution is not too different from the old one, was approved by voters in a referendum 5 December 2004 Initially, Bozize said he would not run for the upcoming presidential elections, but after the success of the constitutional referendum he announced his intention to stand as a candidate.

In late December 2004, participated in the presidential race 5 candidates, one of whom was Bozize. At the beginning of January 2005 Bozize announced that three previously expelled the candidate will also be allowed to participate in elections, and at the end of the month a group of contenders for the highest office in the state rose to 11 people. The only one who was not allowed to stand as a candidate was former President Patasse.

After a month delay on March 13, the first round, in which, according to official figures, Bozize managed to win a little less than 43% of the vote. In the second round, in addition to the incumbent president, he left the former Prime Minister of the Central African Republic Martin Ziguele. Voting took place on 8 May. According to official results announced on May 24 it won a victory in the Francois Bozize, who collected 64.6% of all votes. The official entry Bozize took office on 11 June. June 13, 2005 the new Prime Minister was appointed Elie Dote.

In early March 2004, the Central African Republic once again hit the front pages of newspapers the world, after it became known that Bozize decided to grant asylum to the deposed Haitian president Jean-Bertrand Aristide. However, for a long time in Central African Republic, Aristide was not late.