Fedor Berg

Picture of Fedor Berg

Date of Birth: 05/15/1794

Age: 79

Place of birth: Schloss Zagnits

Citizenship: Russia


Born in 1793 in the town of Schloss Zagnits, Livonia. He died in St. Petersburg, January 6, 1874; buried in the estate Katengof, Livonia. Berg belonged to Livonia rather poor noble family.

Berg originally was not going to make a military career and enrolled at the University of Dorpat. After the start of World War II in 1812 nineteen Berg recorded a volunteer in the Russian army. It is determined cadet in Libava infantry regiment, who was a member of the Riga body to defend the north-western borders of the Russian Empire. Thanks to the formation of Berg was soon assigned to the Quartermaster.

Berg scored not once in the ranks and fought in several battles. The fight at Danenkirhen while the detachment Lieutenant General Levisa, Berg moved, having made a bold move with an army of a ford across the Vistula. Traveler with a report on the case to the Emperor Alexander I, Berg himself from it received the rank of lieutenant, and at the same time he was transferred to headquarters (retinue of the Russian emperor). In the transition of Russian troops across the border, Berg was in the partisan detachments Gistenborna and Kutuzov, operating in northern Prussia, participated in the occupation of Konigsberg and Berlin. At the same time, he also served as a difficult diplomatic assignments: from Konigsberg was sent to the island of Helgoland to purchase 10,000 rifles from the British to the city of Hamburg; then he was sent to Copenhagen for talks on the alliance. Berg also participated in the campaigns of 1813 and 1814, fought at Leipzig and at the time of the persecution of Napoleon reached the Rhine.

In 1814, Berg was transferred to headquarters and held various diplomatic assignments in Switzerland, Italy and the Balkans. In 1820, Berg temporarily left the military service and the rank kollezhskogosovetnika passed the civil service and served at embassies in Munich, Rome and Naples; He rose to the rank of State Councilor and received court title chamberlain.

Military static description of Turkey, composed Berg, drew attention to the Emperor of Russia, and in 1822 Berg was responsible task. While trans-Caspian region was still very little examined, among the native population Kirghiz steppe Kaisak appeared numerous robbery gang, without prejudice to the Russian trade in Asia; caravan connection with the East was almost completely interrupted. Berg was instructed to collect more detailed and accurate information about the Transcaspian region and facilitate ordering of affairs in the region. To this end, he made two expeditions to the steppe, in 1823 and 1825 respectively. Expeditions these, in addition to many individual details of economic and geographic character, brought quite valuable scientific data: it was composed of military and topographical description of the space between the Caspian and Aral Seas (Ustyurt) and from Astrakhan to Guriev, it was first produced barometric altitude determination of the Aral Sea.

Since 1826 Berg served in the embassy in Constantinople and there continued his studies on the topography.

After the war of 1828-1829 Berg returned to military service and was appointed Quartermaster General of the Second Army. Thanks to his knowledge Berg, facilitate the transition of Russian troops across the Danube at Satunova, he took part in the siege of Silistra, along with Gorchakov was negotiating the surrender of the city and participated in the capture of Adrianople. Topographical works Berg is not interrupted during the war and in the years 1828-1829 - he made filming in Bulgaria. Learning about erupted in Poland in 1831 uprising, Berg asked to be transferred to the army, where he distinguished himself in the battles of Nura and Ostroleka and stormed part of the Warsaw suburb of Will. In addition, he bowed to the surrender of the city of Warsaw, the Polish military leaders and Krukovetskogo Malachowski. In 1843, Berg was promoted to the rank of General of Infantry and was appointed Quartermaster General of the General Staff. The main headquarters of Berg ruled for 20 years.

The merits of Berg during his management staff and in topography and geodesy unmistakable. At his suggestion in 1849 was a committee (chaired by him) to increase trigonometric operations. This committee, it was decided to take for the calculation of the network card of the Gauss method, and for topographical shootings - Myuflinga. Also, the 200 Fathoms scale has been replaced by a mile, it has accelerated work on the Russian tr