Date of Birth: 02/10/1887
Place of birth: Kiev
Source of information:. the book "Dictionary of killers", s.86-90.
Stolypin was a strong personality, carried out harsh reforms to strengthen the state and limit the autocratic power, for which he did not like, again as revolutionaries and monarchists. However, it was difficult to love. Stolypin fought from the first Russian revolution and of its consequences so hard, I deserve a terrible nickname "executioner" and "Hangman" by the people, and the rope loop on the gallows dubbed Stolypin necktie. Here are the statistics of executions, made during his premiership (according to Professor MN Gernet): 1906 - 574 people, in 1907 - 1139 persons, 1908 - 1340 people, in 1909 - 717 persons, in 1910 - 129 people , 1911 - 73 people.
On the other hand, the Stolypin actually demanded from the king of the changes of government in the direction of the constitutional constraints of the monarchy. In this situation, Nicholas II, too, would not be saddened by death-powerful prime minister, rather the contrary. Gendarmerie knew that Stolypin preparing another attempt, but not only did not prevent this, and helped the future killer.
In my life, Stolypin often went close to death. Start with the fact that he married a bride of his brother, who was killed in a duel, and then shot himself with his brother killer. When he was governor of Saratov Stolypin it attacked a man with a revolver. Stolypin coolly opened his coat and said, "Shoot The assailant, a loss, let his weapon Another time the governor was not afraid to go to the train station, where the ignorant crowd wanted to tear a country doctor from the crowd threw stones, one of them seriously injured Stolypin hand Widely!... Stolypin`s famous phrase about the terrorist activities of the revolutionaries, "will not be intimidated!" Former Minister of foreign Affairs of AP Isvolsky recalled: "it is interesting to note that the risk of meeting with an amazing courage and sometimes even flaunting it, he always had a premonition that he would die a violent death. He told me about this a few times with remarkable calm. "
When Stolypin became chairman of the Council of Ministers, the revolutionaries, terrorists blew up his dacha in August 1906. The explosion killed 27 people, injured son and daughter of the prime minister. Stolypin was overturned by the power of the explosion to the ground, but was not injured. A week after the attack, the government issued a decree on martial courts. For 8 months of this decree 1,100 people were executed in Russia. However, the penalty did not help either Russia or Stolypin protect themselves from revolutionary terror.
Prime Minister Killer became Mitya-burzhuy.zhandarmskom manage it bears traces of secret-service information:
"Bogrov, Dmitry G. was born January 29, 1887, the son of a barrister Grigory Bogrov, a rich landlord in Kiev, known in the city charity. Father Bogrov occupies a prominent position in the city and has an extensive acquaintance in different areas.
In the social-democratic movement began to participate, while still a schoolboy. While studying at the University of Kiev joined the Socialist-Revolutionary Party, moved in 1906 to the maximalists, and then, in 1907 - to the monarchists. For a while he lived in St. Petersburg. In 1907, he was arrested. When arrested, he hid the real name and under the false name transported to Kiev, where his identity was established, he was released from custody as a result of the application of his father before the governor and the head of the Kyiv Police Department, as well as due to the fact that, apart from an extremely non-specific agents` reports, no other evidence to support his anti-government activities, was not. Bogrov Quick release from custody was the basis for the charges of his comrades in the party of treason. Bogrov was accused of secret connections with the Okhrana and embezzlement are in his party money. The accusation was put forward Voronezh maximalists. In 1908, over Bogrov it was a massacre public trial of his comrades, but he was acquitted after which, with the approval of the vice-governor Chikhacheva, went abroad, where for a long time lived in Nice, Monte Carlo, Munich and Paris. The stay Bogrov in Paris in 1909, the head of the foreign agents of the Police Department was obtained undercover report, stating that supposedly one of the gatherings of immigrants, anarchists, he said that still need to kill either the emperor or Stolypin, and that he would welcome a party mission. Under these conditions, life is not worth it to pull it.
At the beginning of May 1909 Bogrov returned to Kiev, where the secret police found secret surveillance over him. Nothing untoward has not seen him. In February 1910 Bogrov graduated from Kiev University and moved back to Paris. In February 1911 he returned to Kiev. Currently she lives in his parents` home on Bibikov Boulevard and is actively developed. During the intelligence development Bogrov set any concrete evidence of his anti-government activities have not yet succeeded, moreover, that he met several times with some Muravyov, consisting on the account as an anarchist-terrorist living in Kiev in hiding under an assumed name, and preparing emigrate abroad. Study Bogrov has shown that the nature of it is very closed, capable of the most extravagant things. "
To help has been made and a few extracts from letters Bogrov. They breathed fatigue and melancholy: "There is no interest in life nothing but an endless series of chops that I have to eat in my life And if my practice it will allow sadness, boring, and most importantly - lonely...."
And again: "In general, I`m tired of all decent and want to throw anything extravagant, but not Gypsy case".
Using this same desire, the gendarmerie colonel Spiridovich conducted a brilliant operation - helped Bogrov September 1, 1911 to enter the Kiev Opera House to present, where Stolypin was present. This is how there was an attempt on the Prime Minister, according to the recollections of the Kiev governor-general A. Girs:
"At the beginning of the second act, I walked slowly along the left aisle to his chair, looking at the figure standing in front of me Stolypin. I was on the line of the 6th or the 7th row, when I was ahead of the tall man in civilian clothes frock coat. On the line of the second row, he suddenly stopped. at the same time, flashed a gun in his outstretched hand, and I heard two short dry shot that followed one after the other. in the theater, talking loudly and shot heard a few, but when in the room shouts, all eyes fixed on the PA Stolypin, and all was quiet. PA as though did not realize for a few seconds, what had happened. He cocked his head and looked at his white coat, which is on the right side, below the rib cage, has poured blood.
The offender, having made a shot, rushed back, hand clearing their way, but when you exit out of the pit he blocked the passage. He escapes not only youth, but also the elderly, and began to beat him with sabers, swords and fists. From the mezzanine boxes popped up someone and fell about killer. Colonel Spiridovich, released during the intermission at work on the street and ran into the theater, prevented almost lynching occurred; He took out his sword and declared that the perpetrator was arrested, made everyone move.
I still went for the killer in the room, where they led him. He was in a ragged coat, with a torn collar starch-shirt, face purple and blue streaks, his mouth was bleeding ... "
When Stolypin carried in one of the rooms of the theater and hastily bandaged, it became clear that the instantaneous death saved him the cross of St. Vladimir, which got the first bullet. She shattered the cross and walked away from the heart. Yet this bullet had pierced the chest, the pleura, midriff and liver. Other injury was not as dangerous - a bullet pierced his left hand.
Doctors ordered to put the wounded man in the prime minister Dr. Makovsky clinic. Agony Stolypin lasted 4 days. Towards the end he began a terrible hiccups. He then fell into oblivion from which no longer came. pronounced dead on 5 September.
Bogrov survived his sacrifice only a week. Injured when lynching mob, at the first interrogation he behaved calmly and with dignity. He said that he is convinced anarchist, that the attack was prepared and carried out in isolation, but any further questions refused to answer.
September 9 held a closed meeting of the Kiev military district court hearing the case Bogrov. Lawyer of the defendant was not - because of the protection he refused. True, he spoke, but the performance is a story not preserved, because at that time the military courts were not protocols. The trial lasted just 3:00. Then the judge retired to the meeting, and after 20 minutes passed sentence: death by hanging.
Bogrov here preserved an enviable composure. Appeal against the judgment or to petition for pardon, he refused.
Three days later, at four o`clock in the morning, he was awakened and led to his execution. Witness penalty recalls: "... Go to the executioner approached Bogrov At this point Bogrov addressed the audience with a request to convey his greetings to his parents last executioner then tied his hands behind his back, led to the gallows, put it under the shroud of the shroud already Bogrov asked...: "The head lift up, or what? Then Bogrov neck was thrown over the rope. He climbed on a stool. At this point, the executioner pushed the stool from under his feet. hanging body. In this position, as required by law, the body is hung for about 15 minutes. The executioner removed the noose. The doctor confirmed his death. The corpse was put in a pit filled and leveled. All this is generally continued for about 45 minutes. "
Maximalist called herself splinter group SRs, 1906 turned into an independent party. The central point of maximalist theory was the idea of ??the possibility of an immediate transition to socialism Russia. For this alleged socialization of the land, factories and plants. The method of struggle - individual terror, expropriation. In 1907 maximalists numbered 400 people, mostly in St. Petersburg. By the end of 1919, the party broke up. (Back)
Spiridovich Alexander (1873-?) - The police officer at the end of the general`s career. In the years 1903-1905 he was the head of the Kiev secret police, and in the years 1901-1916 was in charge of the palace at the palace commandant agents.