He graduated from the course at St. Petersburg University of the historical-philological faculty. He received a master`s general history for his thesis: "The crusade of Emperor Frederick II" (St. Petersburg, 1863.), A doctorate - for his thesis: "Popovski King Henry IV Raspe, Landgrave of Thuringia, home of Louis the Bearded" (Kyiv, 1867); He was a professor of history at the University of Kiev. Other works of his that time: "Culture during the reign of Frederick II of" ( "Journal of the Ministry of National Education", 1865), "The first Hohenstaufen" (ibid), "Peter de Vinea" (ibid), "Kaiser Friedrich der II und die heilige Elisabeth "(in" Zschr. fur Thuringische Geschichts-und Alterthumskunde ", 1867)," The documentary sources chronicles of Matthew Paris "(" Kyiv university news ", 1867)," The nun Roswitha, writer of X in. " ( "Journal of the Ministry of National Education", 1873); "Cyril and Methodius on documentary sources" (SPb., 1868 and 1871), "Cech Jan Hus from Husince" (SPb., 1869). In these works Bilbasov following method worked out by the German school of historians from Ranke headed. In 1871 Bilbasov left a professorship, moved to St. Petersburg. and editor of "The Voice" for 12 years, published by the AA Krajewski, whose daughter was married Bilbasov. "The Voice" during the editorship Bilbasova became a body of moderate liberalism, in the economic sphere - the defender of big industry development in the area of ??foreign policy - the enemy of any "adventures" that could disturb the peace and upset the commercial and industrial business, in the field of domestic policy - a supporter of gradual moderate reforms, the development of self-management of urban and rural, stands a real education. At the closing of the newspaper (1883) Bilbasov, until the very end of his life, he worked on the history of Catherine II. At first there were some of his articles and separately published monographs: "Catherine II and Diderot" ( "Russian Antiquities", 1884), "Catherine II during the war with Sweden" (ibid, 1887), "Russian choices random people in the XVIII century" (ibid, 1886 - 87), "Diderot in Petersburg" (St. Petersburg, 1884). "the first political letter of Catherine II" (St. Petersburg, 1887.). In 1890, he published the first volume Bilbasov widely conceived labor of Ekaterina II, embracing the life of Catherine before its entry to the throne. The second volume of "History of Catherine II" was published in St. Petersburg., But banned and destroyed by the censor. In Berlin it was published I, II and XII volume. The fate of manuscripts Bilbasova and materials collected by them for the remaining volumes of his "History of Catherine II of", has not yet been clarified. And in its unfinished form Bilbasova work is a valuable contribution to the history of the era, to which he had worked out a little Russian researchers. From the book Bilbasova first looms before us the image of Catherine, a woman, completely distorted in the apocryphal legends, partly generated by a long ban, lying on the intimate life of the Empress. In addition to these works, Bilbasov put a lot of historical essays, articles and notes in the "Journal of the Ministry of National Education", "Russian Antiquity", "Kyiv University Izvestia", "Historic Messenger", "Notes of the Fatherland" and others. In the last years of his life Bilbasov was busy editing the "Archive graphs Mordvinova" (9 volumes), which he provided notes and prefaces, introductions to each volume. - See Art.. about Bilbasove in "critical-biographical dictionary" Vengerov and art. Gorodetsky in the "Historical Messenger" (1904, IX).