David Ben-gurion

Picture of David Ben-gurion

Date of Birth: 10/16/1886

Age: 87

Birthplace: Plonsk

Citizenship: Israel


In 1912, Ben-Gurion entered the Law Faculty of Istanbul University. In 1914, he came home for the holidays, but did not return to Istanbul since the First World War. In 1915, the Turks, the then owners of Palestine, on charges of Zionist activity sent Ben-Gurion of Palestine. He settled in Egypt, and then moved to the USA, where he founded a youth movement re-Halutz. In 1918, Ben-Gurion proposed the idea of ??creating a Jewish volunteer brigades in the British Army. He was one of the first to come into this team and served as her private.

After the First World War, Ben-Gurion returned to Palestine and resumed active in the labor movement. Histadrut - In 1920, in Palestine with the direct participation of Ben-Gurion`s trade union association was founded. In 1921, Ben-Gurion was elected its general secretary and held this post for 14 years. Under the leadership of Ben Gurion Histadrut has become a powerful organization of workers is not only an association of trade unions, but also the concern of agricultural, industrial, construction and commercial enterprises.

In 1923, Ben-Gurion visited the USSR during the international agricultural exhibition in Moscow, which was attended and the Histadrut. In 1930 the Labour Party Mapai and Ben-Gurion was created was one of its main leaders. In 1935, Ben-Gurion was elected chairman of the Jewish Agency (JAFI). In this position he remained until the State of Israel.

November 29, 1947 the United Nations adopted a resolution on the partition of Palestine into Jewish and Arab states. May 14, 1948 (the day of the British Mandate expiry) David Ben Gurion read out in Tel Aviv Declaration of Independence of the State of Israel, the head of the Provisional Government, of which he has become. Ben-Gurion was prime minister and minister of defense of Israel until his retirement in June 1963 (with the exception of the period from December 1953 to November 1955). In 1961, he resigned in connection with the "Lavon affair" after the parliamentary elections (1961), again headed the government. In 1963, at age 77, Ben-Gurion resigned from the government, but remained the Knesset. In 1965 he left the Mapai and Rafi created a party.

In 1971, at the age of 85 years, Ben-Gurion resigned from the Knesset. He finally withdrew from politics and devoted his time to the memoirs. He died on December 1, 1973 at Kibbutz Sde Boker.