Charles Woolley

Picture of Charles Woolley

Date of Birth: 04/17/1880

Age: 79

Place of birth: London

Citizenship: United Kingdom


He graduated from Oxford University, and then in 1907-1912 took part in the British archaeological expeditions to Nubia and Egypt in 1912-1914 and in 1919 - in the excavations of the city of Carchemish on the Euphrates. In 1921-1922 was the head of the excavation Woolley former pharaoh Akhenaten Ahetatona capital near Tell el-Amarna. Since 1922, Woolley led the work of the British-American archaeological expedition in Ur, continues until 1934. In the course of these excavations was discovered a number of the most important monuments of the period I and III Dynasty of Ur, and the time of Sargon of Akkad. These include the early archive temple management, the royal tombs of Ur I, several Sumerian temples, the royal household archive period of Ur III and many inscriptions in particular Urschi standard.

The most important discovery in Urenauchnaya public perceived the discovery in 1927-1928 sixteen royal tombs of Ur I dynasty with those found in their complexes with numerous human sacrifices. Thanks to archaeological activities Woolley at Ur was to reconstruct the history and daily life in the largest Sumerian city-state. It was through his writings began a systematic study of Sumerian society. However, in his writings Woolley somewhat exaggerated the importance of the Sumerian civilization in the entire Middle East, in some aspects, even considering it the progenitor of the Egyptian, and the image of the social system of early states in Mesopotamia allowed them a certain idealization. Before and after World War II, in 1936-1939 and 1946-1949 Leonard Woolley unearthed the ruins Alalakh in Turkey.