Boris Vilkitskiy

Picture of Boris Vilkitskiy

Date of Birth: 03/22/1885

Age: 75

Citizenship: Russia


Born in the family of Andrew Ippolitovich Vilkitskogo. He graduated from the Naval Cadet Corps (1904), participated in the Russian-Japanese war of 1904-1905, with the rank of warrant officer. the ships of the squadron of the Pacific Ocean. In 1908 he graduated from the Nikolaev Naval Academy by hydrographic department (Mate specialization). In 1908-1912 gg. fulfilled important hydrographic and geodetic works on the Baltic Sea and the Far East.

In early 1913, the captain of the 2nd rank Vilkitsky appointed commander of the icebreaker "Taimyr" and Assistant Chief of the Hydrographic Expedition of the Arctic Ocean. Icebreaker "Taimyr" and "Vaigach" had to shoot the coast and islands of the Arctic Ocean, to identify opportunities of navigation along the Northern Sea Route. Due to the sudden illness of the chief of the expedition, Colonel Corps naval navigators I.S.Sergeeva, Minister of the Navy in July 1913 laid Vilkitsky manual. In 1913 expedition discovered the Earth Emperor Nicholas II (Severnaya Zemlya), Tsarevich Alexei Island (Small Taimyr) and Starokadomsky Island. In the years 1914-1915 made the first through voyage Northern Sea Route from Vladivostok to Arkhangelsk, opening new Novopashennogo island (now - Zhokhov Island).

In the years 1915-1917 Vilkitsky commanded a destroyer "Flyer", participated in the fighting on the fronts of World War II in the Baltic Sea. In 1917-1918, Captain 1st rank Vilkitsky - officer in charge of operational department of the Baltic Fleet Liaison Service. In June 1918, he was appointed head of the hydrographic expedition of the West Siberian region of the Arctic Ocean for the export of grain cargoes in the European part of Russia.

It is at the disposal of anti-Soviet government of the High North Management (headed by a member of the Constituent Assembly NV Tchaikovsky), which in 1919 awarded Vilkitsky rank of Rear Admiral. During the evacuation of troops of the Northern Army General Miller from Arkhangelsk on 19-21 February 1920 in charge of this operation, at the same time commanding the icebreaker "Cosmas Minin" with passengers on board and towing boat "Yaroslavna", accompanied by the icebreaker "Canada". On the way to Norway in the area of ??the peninsula fishing, taking under his command even steamers "Kildin" and "Lomonosov", which came from Murmansk, 26/02/1920 Admiral Vilkitsky brought ships from the White Army soldiers and refugees in Norway. Overcoming exit from Arkhangelsk ice fields and prolonged persecution and pursuit (with artillery fire) ships of the Red Fleet, Admiral squad Vilkitsky 26.02.1920 entered the port of Tromso Fjord. After the delivery of General Miller and passengers in Norway led his icebreaker "Cosmas Minin" and accompanied his ships on Chernoemore, placing them in the Crimea, the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Army of General Wrangel.

In February 1920, he emigrated to England, where he lived and worked until 1922. In the name of Vilkitsky were named the island in the Laptev Sea, the Amundsen expedition opened in 1919. While abroad, Vilkitsky remained interested in the problems of the Russian North, made a number of constructive proposals on the organization of navigation on the so-called Kara Sea Route. In 1923-1924 at the invitation of the foreign trade organizations of the USSR took part in the preparation and holding of the 3rd and 4th Kara barter expeditions, was the chief of the marine part of the business, to ensure the successful transition of large groups of transport vessels and cargo operations.

Since 1925 - again in England, where he was in the service of private shipping companies. Then he moved to Africa and worked hydrographer in the Belgian Congo. He died in Brussels in 1961.