Boris Bratchenko

Picture of Boris Bratchenko

Date of Birth: 09/10/1912

Age: 91

Place of birth: Armavir

Citizenship: Russia


Born on October 9, 1912 in the city of Armavir, Krasnodar Krai. His father - Feodor Bratchenko Nazarovich. Mother - Bratchenko Polina Alexandrovna. Wife - Bratchenko Clara Samoilovna. Sons Bratchenko Vladimir Borisovich, Bratchenko Alexander Borisovich. Granddaughter - Bratchenko Catherine`s grandson - Boris Bratchenko.

Household as a character trait appeared Boris largely due to a large family of hard-working grandfather, Alexei Ivanovich, which all members worked in good faith - as the landlord at the mill, and in their wealth in their yards.

In school, Boris lived with his mother, helping her smoothly, studied hard. Even from a young age, in any case, he wanted to be a cheerleader - Leadership among peers is not inferior to any of the Pioneer organization, nor in the Komsomol. After completing secondary school, Boris decides to become an engineer, and soon the great joy in the family came the news of his admission to the Moscow Mining Institute.

And among the students, despite their younger age, Boris Bratchenko not shunned leadership. The seriousness, diligence, initiative gradually evolved in the authority - is already on the 1st course of his institute was elected group leader.

The first initiation in the mining business took place during a practical training on behalf of the OGPU mine under construction in the city of Novoshakhtinsk Rostov region. Boris and his classmates participated in all mining operations and do them accurately. The first lava at the mine have been prepared with the participation of students of the Mining Institute.

Industrial practice underground in intelligent professionals, study of mining sciences from renowned scientists AA Skochinskiy, AM Terpigoreva, other equally wise teachers helped BF Bratchenko become professionals with in-depth knowledge and broad outlook.

After graduating in 1935, the Moscow Mining Institute, Boris Fedorovich worked as an assistant chief, chief of section of the mine "Capital" number 2 trust "Kizelugol" engineer of the technical department of the trust "Shahtantratsit", then - assistant chief engineer of mine named after the October Revolution of the same trust. In 1940 he was appointed chief engineer of the MV mine Frunze in the city of Rostov region.

The news of the outbreak of the war chief engineer Bratchenko brought early morning June 22, 1941 a messenger from the recruiting office. Every day the front line moved rapidly to the east, and it was necessary to evacuate people and equipment into the country, disabling mines that have not got to the enemy. In 1942, in the post of Chief of the mine "Komsomolskaya Pravda" BF Bratchenko supervised the dismantling and shipping of equipment, evacuation specialists in the Urals, Kuzbass, Karaganda. What they could not take out, blasted, including mine shaft and pile driver.

... The Nazis devastated, burned land. Only in the city of Mines, they destroyed about 14 thousand people, in the trunk of the Krasin mine dropped more than 3500 innocent victims, including the sister of Boris Fedorovich wife. None of the mines and the union local, working in the region, has not been preserved.

From the city mines BF Bratchenko was sent to the east, in Khakassia, which was evacuated his family - wife and two children. With family, he spent less than a day - he was summoned to Moscow, the People`s Commissariat of the coal industry of the USSR and was appointed senior engineer of the production department of the district, and then transferred to the Administration of People`s Commissars of the USSR assistant head of the secretariat of the group of the coal industry. But already in the beginning of September 1943, after the liberation of Donbass from fascist invaders in the workbook Boris Fedorovich record appears: "Released from work in the affairs of People`s Commissars of the USSR Office on secondment at his own request in order Narkomuglya".

So, at the personal request, he went to restore the mine "Komsomolskaya Pravda", which explodes. Return to the life destroyed and flooded mines of Donbass in scope and technical complexity of the task was extraordinary difficulties.

Mine is recovering from copra. I had to use a previously blasted copra. New steel structures were not used old: straightens, bends, welded, riveted. For a short time in the Donbass have been several accidents due to the weakness of headgears designs. From Moscow, sent a commission of experts of the scientists, led by AM Terpigorevym. They studied the state headgears and made recommendations. Koper, restored under the leadership of BF Bratchenko, has existed for a long time, until the closure of the mine - hence, the calculation was made with a margin of safety.

In this difficult period, the coal industry Commissar Vasily Vahrushev with a group of experts is in the Donets Basin. With his characteristic drive he forced himself and his subordinates to work, they say, without sleep or rest, to engage wholeheartedly with one thing - to raise from the ruins of the pool to the metallurgical and defense plants could issue more weapons to quickly restore the ruined national economy. Hit the scale and pace of rehabilitation works: from 314 mines destroyed almost simultaneously restored 220!

Then the young head of the mine, "Komsomolskaya Pravda" met with the People`s Commissar, and promised to introduce him to the second lava to the Day of the Soviet Army - the obligation in those circumstances almost inconceivable (in their deliverability doubted himself Vahrushev). We had three weeks to restore the airway. But Bratchenko kept his word - to the celebration anniversary of the mine began to give out "on-mountain" coal with simultaneous reduction of the workings and preparation of the work front. It was at this time, Boris Fedorovich received his first award and a congratulatory telegram from Stalin.

From 1945 to 1949, Boris Fedorovich worked in the trust "Shahtantratsit" first chief engineer and then acting manager of the trust. In November 1949, in accordance with the order of the Ministry of Coal Industry of the USSR Boris Fedorovich was urgently transferred to the chief engineer in the factory "Karagandaugol" - a farm in Kazakhstan, there are two dozen mines with three cuts.

Boris Fedorovich as the chief engineer is primarily interested in the technical condition of mining enterprises, the organization of coal mining process, the selection of competent personnel; the necessary attention to it and other important issues of plant operation. His predecessor was dismissed from his position for a major accident and immediately left, so things did not take one. To a large extent it helped that in the pool was a lot of fellow-professionals, including Donbas miners who were evacuated during the occupation. Is building and operation of the mine, each had to set the operating mode to create a safe working environment for the people - and a huge responsibility for the successful solution of the tasks lying on the shoulders of BF Bratchenko.

After the Decree of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1947, the miners received a number of benefits and advantages: annual bonuses for years of service, increased pensions and allowances for temporary disability and others. Wage miners went on one of the first places in the country - large earnings consisted of high tariff rates and bonuses. Then in Donetsk, Rostov and Luhansk regions in the faces appeared the latest technology, allows to achieve the highest productivity.

Among the technical innovations proved to be excellent shearer "Donbass". In Karaganda on "Donbass" is only heard, and Boris Fedorovich went directly to the Minister of Coal Industry of the USSR AF Zasyadko with a request for pool 5 combines. Alexander F. listened plant chief engineer of the request "Karagandaugol", promised to send 25 combines and kept his word. Already in February 1950, "Donbass" came to Karaganda, where markedly influenced the increase of labor efficiency-miners miners and facilitate working conditions underground.

Great organizational skills and experience in dealing with complex issues in a time before the coal industry, deservedly nominated BF Bratchenko among the industry leaders. In 1953 he was appointed Deputy Minister of Coal Industry of the USSR, in 1957-58 he was the chairman of the economic council Kamensky, the first deputy chairman of the Rostov Economic Council and later head of the department of coal, peat and oil shale industry Gosplan. Since 1959 he worked as the chairman of the Karaganda Economic Council, from 1961 to 1965 - Chairman of the State Planning Commission - Vice-Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Kazakh SSR.

Between 1965 and 1985 BF Bratchenko holds the post of Minister of Coal Industry of the USSR - a position with enormous powers, abilities, duties and responsibilities. He had the important mission: after the elimination of the economic councils to withdraw the coal industry of the country in the mode of self-employment, to reach the level of advanced coal industries of Western countries, to find fresh strength to the scientific and technological restructuring.

Two decades of creative work as minister inscribed in golden letters the name of Boris Fedorovich Bratchenko in the history of the state. Over the years, coal production in the country increased by more than 1.3 times and amounted to 718 million. Tonnes in 1985.

Effective solutions to problems of industry contributed to a good understanding minister to the people of his "team", the composition of the professionals of the highest level, such as the First Deputy Minister (and his friend) Leonid E. Counts - people with comprehensive knowledge of the coal industry and the unique qualities charming, diplomatic, head - and many others. Ministry Collegium (think tank industry) has reached perfection in an extraordinary ability to find and make the best decisions are often justified risk.

With a name associated Bratchenko truly great construction projects in major coal basins of the USSR. Create and reconstructed, large highly mechanized coal and oil shale companies such as mine "Raspadskaya" in the Kuzbass, "Vorgashorskaja" in the Pechora basin, "Tentekskaya" in Karaganda, "Estonia" in the Baltic States, the cut "Bogatyr" in Ekibastuz, a major coal mine in Yakutia , concentrating factory "Siberia" in the Kemerovo region and other, and thus created living conditions, developed subsistence agriculture for miners` families with food. a lot of work has been done for the development of Siberia, the major sources of raw materials to the creation of Kansk-Achinsk, Ekibastuz and South Yakutia fuel and energy complexes, and which are now the basis for productive capacity-building in those regions.

When Bratchenko has created a powerful scientific and technical base for the development of modern technologies in the mining industry. Institutes and plants designed and manufactured for "podzemnikov" powerful complexes for "otkrytchikov" - mighty giant excavators. As a result, miners team reached unprecedented efficiency at wastewater treatment works under, a record volume of coal production and productivity on the cuts.

This period was the most constructive for the coal industry in all areas. It accounts for the intensive development of mutually beneficial industrial and scientific and technical foreign relations. Of course, all this was the result of sound economic policy; led by industry experienced professionals, who climbed to the summit of power, consistently walking on the official stages. This characterization applies fully to Boris Fedorovich, which has always been and still remains outstanding personality - a man of great knowledge in the field of mining and Humanities, a unique production management practices, a psychologist, an artist, an interesting conversationalist ...

Since the beginning of the 1990s, Boris Fedorovich was behind the creation of the Academy of Mining Sciences and was elected its honorary president, he took an active part in the development of the "Law on coal" and the company "RosUgol" to restructure the industry.

And now he has been active career. Since 1998, an adviser to the director of the State institutions for the reorganization and liquidation of unprofitable mines and cuts (GURSH). For many years, BF Bratchenko heads the Council of veterans of war and labor "Shakhtar", which brings together more than 800 people in its ranks. Since 1992 he worked as first deputy chief editor of the trade magazine "Coal".

Boris Fedorovich - Hero of Socialist Labor (1982), laureate of the State Prize (1949, for the development and implementation of powerful coal-cutting machines). He was elected a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR VI-X convocations, he was a delegate XXII, XXVI congress of the CPSU, a candidate member of the CPSU Central Committee, member of the Central Committee of the CPSU to XXIV-XXVI congresses. He served as chairman of the Soviet of the Standing Committee of the CMEA on the coal industry.

Author of several books, pamphlets and articles on the development of the coal industry of the USSR and foreign countries, the editor of many publications in the area of ??the coal industry, the author of a number of inventions.

He was awarded four Orders of Lenin (1948, 1966, 1971, 1981), Order of the October Revolution (1976), Red Banner of Labor (1956), fourteen medals, among which the most expensive for him to medal - "For the restoration of the coal mines of Donbass" (1948). He was awarded the title "Honored Worker of the coal industry" (1995), holder of the sign "Miner`s glory" of all three degrees. For his great contribution to the development of the coal industry and many years of diligent work by Boris Fedorovich Bratchenko the eve of his 90th anniversary of gratitude from the President of Russian Federation VV Putin.

Lives and works in Moscow.