Date of Birth: 06/14/1848
Place of birth: Rock Hall, Northumberland County
Citizenship: United Kingdom
Bosanquet, Bernard (Bosanquet, Bernard) (1848-1923), British philosopher, representative of neo-Hegelianism. Born in Rock Hall (county of Northumberland, England) June 14, 1848. He was educated at Harrow and Balliol College, Oxford University. From 1870 until 1881 was a research fellow and tutor at University College, Oxford University; then moved to London, took an active part in the work of the Relief Society, the London Ethical Society, lectured within the university educational activities. From 1903 until 1908 he served as professor of moral philosophy at the University of St. Andrews (Scotland), and in 1911-1912 he lectured at the University of Edinburgh. The most significant results were obtained Bosanquet in logic, metaphysics and aesthetics.
However F.Bredli, his friend and colleague at Oxford, Bosanquet was the head of the English school of absolute idealism, drawing on the main ideas of the philosophy of Plato and Hegel. The core of his teachings was the idea that only in the framework of the whole, in complete and absolute system of things, we find the real truth and reality. Consider chto-libo abstract, ie, out of context - it means not to see the reality. To understand what a kakoy-nibud bodily organ, for example the stomach, we should see its function within the body. Similarly, to understand that such a body, we need to establish its relationship with the environment, and in exactly the same with each subsequent integrity. Each successive integrity is more clear, and not so much because of the scale, but in the strength of their organization; each closer to the perfect system in which each part is supposed to the other parts. This kind of system Bosanquet called "concrete universals" or "individual".
In his most famous work The principle of individuality and value (The Principle of Individuality and Value, 1912), this system is a measure of truth, goodness and beauty. The truth is not in accordance ideas brute facts of perception: such facts do not exist. The very perception is the thinking design, built on a foundation of feeling, and in a measure of the scale and design of the connection, this is the truth.
At the same considerations based bozanketovsky self ideal of ethics and politics. The mind by its very nature is an attempt by the fragmentary experience to make yourself organized integrity. By itself, it can not achieve this, since it is the only body in the system of the social organism and its true purpose - to serve the community. As the benefit of the community is the moral purpose of each of its members, the community laws - even if they involve punishment - are "real will" of the individual. For Bosanquet, as well as for his teacher T.Grina, political commitment based on the need of the state and serves the common good; policy is applied ethics. The accusation of totalitarian tendencies against Bosanquet unfounded: he was a pronounced liberal and internationalist. Bosanquet died in London on February 8, 1923.