Date of Birth: 10/14/1814
Place of birth: Silesia
Kunik, Arist Aristovich - historian. Born October 14, 1814 in Silesia, died January 18, 1899 Back in Breslau University began studying the history of the West Slavic tribes. In 1838, on completion of a university course, Kunik came as a private tutor in Moscow. In 1844 he moved to St. Petersburg and received a place keeper numismatic cabinet Academy of Sciences. The fundamental work: "Die Berufung der Schwedischen Rodsen durch die Finnen und Slaven" (., St. Petersburg, 1844) he revised to the last details of the grounds and the age-old debate about the origins of Norman and Russia again decided it in favor of the Norman theory. The main advantage of this work - a broad and critical use of strictly linguistic data and new facts from the history of the Slavic and Nordic antiquities. Elected assistant professor at the Academy, then an academic, he has held senior Hermitage custodian, a member of the Archaeological Commission and its chief editor for the publication of foreign acts. In his latest research on the history of the southern, eastern and northern Russia relations ancient Kunik extensive use of data and historical linguistics and ethnography. These are his "Notes to the passage of the Varangian question Gedeonov S." (1862), "The comparative study of Slavic and Lithuanian dialects" (1863), "On the note toparha Gothic" (1847), "Tokhtamysh and Firkovich" (1876 and separately) "Proceedings of the Al-Bekri and other authors of Russia and the Slavs" (1878 and separately, in cooperation with the Baron Rozen), "Notes to the Caspian Dorn" (1882). Among the numerous (over 120) of articles, notes and memos Kunik ones stand out, which belong to the field of historical ethnography: "The effect on the fate of the Iranian tribe Semitic peoples" (1856); "Pechenegs, Torquay, Polovtsy" (1888); "Description of the Slavic lands of Ibrahim ibn Jakub" (1890). It is very important the development of Byzantine Kunik attached. This area includes his work: "The objective of the program for the award of the Byzantine chronography" ( "Journal of the Ministry of National Education", h LXIII.); "Why Byzantium remained a mystery in the world history" ( "Notes of the Academy of Sciences", that II.); "Studies on the life of St. George Amastridskogo" (ibid, 1845, and is being 1881); Note on drawing up the list of Byzantine letters and letters (1894). On the history of education in Russia are the following works Kunik: "Collection of materials for the history of the Academy of Sciences in the XVIII century" (St. Petersburg, 1865.), Dedicated to the life and literary activity Trediakovsky and University; "On the scientific books and periodicals of the Academy of Sciences from 1726 - 1852 G." (In "Memoirs of the Academy of Sciences", that I.); "A list of the works of VN Tatishchev and materials for his biography" (ibid, vol. XLVII). He also published works of the Circle and the "Russian-Livonian Acts, 1189 - 1601" (St. Petersburg, 1868.). -. See obituary Kunik VG Basil in "Proceedings of the Imperial Academy of Sciences", 1899, and outline of his life and works of AS Lappo-Danilevsky (ibid, 1914).