Andrey Gordyagin

Picture of Andrey Gordyagin

Date of Birth: 10/29/1865

Age: 66

Birthplace: Perm

Citizenship: Russia


Born into a military family, his father - an officer, took part in the defense of Sevastopol in 1854-1855. Secondary education in the Perm classical school, which he graduated with a silver medal.

First Kazan period (1883-1909)

In 1883 he entered the University of Kazan medical school, but the following year he transferred to the natural history department of physics and mathematics.

In 1888 he graduated from the university course with the degree of candidate of sciences. His graduation essay was "Essay vegetation city neighborhoods Krasnoufimsk Perm province." Over the next three years on behalf of the Society of Naturalists studied soil and botanical research in the Kazan province.

After completing the course AY Gordyagin from 1889 to 1891 years, located at Universite Kazan as a professorial fellow in the Department of Botany.

In 1891, he was approved as an assistant professor of Kazan University on the taxonomy of higher rasteniyi and in the autumn of the same year led a workshop on the systematics of seed plants. Simultaneously, from 1891 to 1898, he served as curator at the Botanical Office. Since 1897 he taught a course in anatomy and physiology of plants.

In the years 1892-1901 in the summer months, Andrei Y. engaged botanical and geographical research in the Middle Urals and Western Siberia. The net result of these studies was the Master`s thesis "Materials for the knowledge of Western Siberia, soil and vegetation," which he defended at the University of Kazan in May 1901. The scientific value of this work has been recognized so high that it was immediately awarded a doctorate in botany (bypassing master`s degree) and a silver medal to them. NM Przewalski by the Russian Geographical Society.

Since September 1901 Andrey Y. was approved by the extraordinary professor in the Department of Physiology of the University of Kazan plant, with a August 1903 - full professor in the Department of Botany, Botanical head office, and in 1908 & # 8722; 1909 is also the head of the Botanical Garden.

At the beginning of June 1902 AY Gordyagin together with entomologist MD Ruzsky made a brief tour of the hill Big Bogdo (Astrakhan region, the Volga delta). Three years later Gordyagin published work "trip to the Astrakhan desert" (1905), in which an attempt was first made to compile all available data at the time of the flora, the Big Bogdo, in the future be able to assess changes in this flora. At the end of Gordyagin is "List B. Bogdo mountain plants" (170 species), based not only on their own fees (82 species), but also on literature data, contained in the works of Pallas, Claus, Auerbach, Becker, Pachosky, Schmalhausen, as well as herbarium fees Eversmann, Wagner, R. B. Rizpolozhenskii and Keller.

At the beginning of the XX century around AY Gordyagin organized circle of "older generation" of his university students, many of whom later became prominent scientists: N. Busch, BA Keller, VR Zalensky, VI . Taliev, II Sprygin, DE Janiszewski, Smirnov.

Saratov period (1909-1914)

In July 1909 AY Gordyagin was transferred to full professor on the medical faculty of Saratov Imperial University, who was still in the stage of organization and headed the Department of Botany.

The first Rector of the University Professor VI Razumovsky later wrote: "A prominent scientist, an experienced professor, an excellent teacher, he seemed to me a necessary also to maintain the good old academic traditions in the new University - and the role it undoubtedly carried out then."

In Saratov AY Gordyagin lot of effort spent on the new equipment of the department, on the establishment of educational and research work. As a member of the University Board, he took an active part in the formation of the whole university, and also spent a lot of work, as a member of the building committee for the construction of university buildings.

AY Gordyagin from the first days in Saratov began exploring the local flora. The main focus of his work and the work of the department headed by him were botanical geography and phytosociology. For five years in Saratov, he published five papers on Diplachne and cleistogamous cereals (1913), and gave an overview of the first biometric Russian literature and a detailed review of a book by PV Syuzeva "Abstract flora of Ural" (1914). This work was highly relevant then and have not lost their importance today.

In addition to working at the Department of Botany at the University of Saratov Nicholas, AJ Gordyagin paid great attention to higher agricultural courses (since 1922 Saratov Agricultural Institute), the organization of which he actively participated, and after opening in 1913, became its director, a member of the Pedagogical Council and the first head of the Department of botany.

Saratov students struck in AY Gordyagin how easily he lectured, figuratively opened before them a vast world of plants. Convinced that "the professor should not be gramophone", in one of his letters he wrote: "Always ... I`ve talked with the audience and students are not within the textbooks, but also about how I myself - often absurd - seems this or another question. It usually has an impact on the audience. "

In Saratov, he worked for a brief five years. Against his will was moved to the Minister of Education Kasso back to Kazan University. Warm seeing AJ Gordyagin from Saratov coincided with the 25th anniversary of his scientific-pedagogical activity. During these years, he was awarded the Order of St. Anne (2nd degree), and St. Vladimir (4th degree). Until the end of his days he was in Saratov, a member of two scientific societies.

In Saratov University around AY Gordyagin formed a group of students, many of whom also later became izvestnyim scientists: AM Levshin, VR Zalensky, MV Aleskovsky, AJ Ponomarev, VI . Baranov, VA Kruger, Beilin IG, VI Ivanov et al.

The second Kazan period (1914-1932)

In 1922, AJ Gordyagin wrote: "Unfortunately, I have a sudden movement of the summer of 1914 from the Saratov University in Kazan marked the end of my work on Halobyscus Jaczewskii, because in Kazan I was deprived of its own laboratory conditions, but the beginning of the war and the revolution did not allow create a new one. "

In 1929, for outstanding scientific achievements he was elected a corresponding member of USSR Academy of Sciences and he was awarded the honorary title of Hero of Labor.

AY Gordyagin was a wonderful teacher and since 1917 at the University of Kazan in the process of large-scale regional geo-botanical research around it formed a third, "younger" generation of his disciples: MV Markov, VI Baranov, LN Vasilyev, VS porphyry VD Avdeev, VS Kornilov, GA Annunciation, S. Markov, AD Sokolov, Pletnev, NM Kuznetsov, MI Zamaraeva (Firsov), and others.

Honorary titles and awards

The Order of St. Anne (2nd degree).

The Order of St. Vladimir (4th degree).

The honorary title of Hero of Labor.