Anatoliy Bakushinskiy

Picture of Anatoliy Bakushinskiy

Citizenship: Russia


Anatoly Bakushinskii was born in the village of Upper Lendeh Vladimir province. Nearby are ancient centers of iconography Kholui and Palekh, where the future scientist could observe the work of local artists-painters. There, he really became interested in drawing and sculpture, wishing to devote himself to the profession of the artist. Although his plan did not materialize, resulting in the youth knowledge and skills always helped in the future work Bakushinsky-art.

In 1911 Bakushinskii graduated from the History Department of History and Philology of Tartu University (now - Tartu). For six years, in addition to history, he studied art history, philosophy seriously engaged. In 1912 Bakushinskii entered the Pedagogical Institute named after PG Shelaputina. Created in Moscow Institute for persons who already had higher education, distinguished by a special program. Within two years, the students along with general subjects engaged in music, singing, exercise, necessary for the harmonious development. The main attention was paid to the development of the most methods of teaching that attracted Bakushinsky in the number of listeners.

The resulting knowledge in the institute, he successfully implemented in their own teaching activities at Moscow`s Peter and Paul School, where young scholar was reading at the time course of the history of art.

Problems of art education and psychology of perception of fine arts for Bakushinsky become one of the leading themes. Chief aktsentv developed by him in 1918-1921 the system of artistic perception Bakushinskii raised to "directly experience the creative works of art."

From the first days of the revolution Bakushinskii gives his wealth of experience and knowledge to the aesthetic education of the masses, for the first time attached to the world artistic heritage. He published a series of articles on "How to view a picture of" facing the workers` audience; conducts systematic work to improve the quality level of artistic excursions that saw Vakushinskomu one of the most effective forms of propaganda art. Anatoly thought excursion same creative act, as well as the art itself. He created a creative excursion School saw their main task is to "learn to look" works of art. She tried to solve them, students organized a seminar in 1918, in which, except for the head, taught by such prominent figures of Soviet art, as an architect IV Zholtovsky sculptor VN Domogatskii, graphics VD Falileev and JH . Pavlov. Seminars were held in these Tsvetkovskaia gallery, which offered rich possibilities of comparison and analysis of the works, so necessary for the methods scientist. Since 1917 Anatoliy was a keeper of the gallery - collection of Russian art, a gift brought by Moscow in 1909, a bank clerk and. ]?