Ambroise Vollard

Picture of Ambroise Vollard

Date of Birth: 07/03/1866

Age: 73

Place of birth: Saint-Denis

Citizenship: France


The son of a notary, was born and raised in the French colony of Reunion, he studied law in metropolitan France, first at Montpellier, then in the School of Law in Paris, where he graduated in 1888, earning a clerk during exercises at the art dealer.

Over the years he has quietly become a "Marshall-lover", and in 1893 Vollard bases its own art gallery Rue Laffitte, then became the center of the Parisian contemporary art market. There Vollard satisfied with his first major exhibition: for Manet and Gauguin others followed, the first posthumous exhibition of Van Gogh (4-30 June 1895), is organizing the first solo exhibition of Cezanne in 1904 - similar to Matisse. Thus, the Vollard "opens" these masters.

His appearance and manners often described ruthless words: "big, sharp, rude man" with "downcast eyes." However, he was quite furious businessman nazhivshim his fortune thanks to the motto "buy low - sell high." His clients included Gertrude Stein and her brother Leo, Sergei Shchukin and Ivan Morozov, Albert Burns (Albert C. Barnes), GO Hevemayer (HO Havemeyer). Later Vollard write the biography of Cezanne, Degas and Renoir.

Vollard died in a car crash in 1939 at the age of 73 years, when his chauffeur-driven car flew off the road. He died, leaving no direct heirs. His collection according to the will was distributed between distant relatives and close friends, although a significant number of important masterpieces were sold, lost or stolen during the war begins.

The relationship with the artists

Cezanne: one of the biggest successes of Vollard is considered its purchase of works by Cezanne. We absolutely unknown artist for a song he bought on the vine whole workshop (approx. 150 works). And then I gave him the name.

Gauguin: while the artist was living in Tahiti, having escaped from civilization, Marchand wrote to him and bought everything in bulk made them work there (taking thus virtually a monopoly). And Gauguin received funds to continue his solitary life.

Picasso: Ambroise Vollard had close contact with Picasso for pink and blue periods of the artist, in 1901 he organized his first exhibition. However Cubism did not accept, and tore cooperation. The artist began work again on Vollard in 1937, creating for his graphic series of etchings about the Minotaur - the so-called.. "The Suite Vollard".

Chagall: dealer support the master in the years of emigration, I gave him an order to illustrate Gogol and La Fontaine. Later, also for Vollard, he will illustrate the Bible.