Aleksandr Gorskij

Picture of Aleksandr Gorskij

Citizenship: Russia


In 1860 he was ordained a priest, not through marriage, and that same year received the rank of archpriest. In 1864 he received his doctorate in theology and appointed rector of the Academy. For his tremendous knowledge Gorsky called an encyclopedia. Time is not favorable for ensuring that the entire Gorski spoke in his scientific worldview system, across the breadth of their knowledge. Metropolitan Filaret restrict the freedom of scientific development and, as a theologian-dogmatist, did not sympathize with the church-historical setting of theological education. Gorski therefore wary of writing and left relatively few published works. On behalf of the Metropolitan Filaret Gorsky, in 1849, taken together with KI Nevostrueva, his most famous work, "Description of the Slavic manuscripts of the Moscow Synodal Library." Gorsky belonged academic edition of Labour and rukovoditelstvo his employee, first inexperienced. Some important sections are written by Gorsky. He worked for 13 years, until the appointment of the rector of the Academy, but did not leave their help Nevostrueva and after, when he led a business. Work Gorsky and Nevostrueva - a treasure trove of critically treated the facts in the history of Russian and South Slavic languages. Scientists descriptors made a number of discoveries in the field not only of ancient Slavic-Russian, but also Greek, ancient Christian literature. "Description" was not completed; It appeared in print only five volumes; Sixth, it is ready, not published, much of notebooks confused. - The rest of the works are sketchy Gorsky material objectivity builds extreme caution in the conclusions, conciseness, accuracy and simplicity of style. His research on the Russian and South Slavic history, which he did with a special love, almost all drawn on manuscript sources, and still retained a big difference. In a short article, usually without a signature, Gorsky published his discoveries in these areas. Lectures Gorsky differed novelty material and rigor of the method. With their character can be found in his course "The history of the evangelical and apostolic Church", published twice. Gorsky and Filaret Gumilevsky revolutionized the educational setting Theological Academies and most prominently placed story. Conductor of a new scientific field was the magazine "Additions to the works of the Holy Fathers", founded in 1843; Gorski was one of the editors and the most active of its employee. Conductor of a new direction in the academic environment was one Gorsky. By Gorsky sought guidance and advice such scholars as Pogodin, Sreznevsky, Sukhomlinov Bodyansky; others worked using Gorsky (AN Ants, Sawa, then of Tver, Count Mikhail Tolstoy, Filaret Gumilevsky). Gorsky`s principal works, besides the above: By I. The history of the ancient Church: "Education canon of the sacred books of the New Testament" ( "The addition to the works of the Holy Fathers", Vol. 24); "The Life of St. Athanasius of Alexandria" (ib, Vol. 10.); "The Life of St. Basil the Great" (ib., Vol. 3); "Life of Blessed Theodoret, Bishop of Cyrus" (ib., v. 14); "The dignity of bishop in regard to monasticism in the Eastern Church" (ib., V. 21). II. In the history of the Russian church: a) Publishing sites - "Monuments of the spiritual literature of the Grand Prince Yaroslav I" (ib., Vol. 2); "The message to Basil, Archimandrite Pechersk XII century." (Ib, Vol. 10.); "On the ancient canons of Saints Cyril and Methodius" (ib, Vol. 15.); "The ancient words of the holy Lent" (ib, Vol. 17.); b) study - "The historical description of the Trinity-Sergius Lavra" (otd. Vol., published many times); "On the Saints Cyril and Methodius" ( "Moscow", 1843, Part 3). "The relations of the Russian Church with Svyatogorsky inhabitants to the XVIII century" ( "Additions to the works of the Holy Fathers", Vol. 6); "On the religious schools in Moscow in the XVII century." (Ib., Vol. 3). Several biographies of Russian metropolitans: Cyril II of, St. Peter, St. Alexis, Cyprian, Photius, St. Jonah, Philip and Theodosius I, Peter Graves in "Additions to the works of the Holy Fathers" (kn. 1, 2, 6, 11, 14 and 16 ). III. The teachings of the question, published in the "Additions" and "Theological Journal". A detailed list of all the works Gorsky cm. In "History of the Moscow Theological Academy," SK Smirnov str. 124 - 127. - The most detailed biography is the book Gorski Popov: "The Rector of the Moscow Theological Academy, Archpriest AV Gorsky" (Sergiev Posad, 1897), a biography of a compressed-response - it acts Smirnova 22 October 1900 g .; fairly extensive literature on Gorski available here and there. - Avg. "Archpriest AV Gorsky in his memoirs about him the Moscow Theological Academy on the 25th anniversary of his death."