Alexander Golitsyn, Prince - statesman (1773 - 1844). Enrollment under Catherine II, pages, Golitsyn childhood had access to the court, where he first appreciated as a member of the children to play the Grand Dukes - Alexander and Constantine, and then - as a witty and clever gentleman. When Paul was expelled from St. Petersburg. Professional career of his starts already at Alexander. Appointed first chief prosecutor I Department of the Senate, Golitsyn in 1803, at the urging of Alexander, took over the post of Procurator of the Holy Synod. In 1810 Golitsyn becomes, while maintaining the same positions, chief superintendent of foreign confessions, in 1816 - the Minister of Education. Once in 1817 Ministry of Religious Affairs and Public Education were merged into one ministry, Golitsyn became the head of the latter, but was dismissed as chief prosecutor. Such position he held until 1824, when I had to resign from both departments, retaining only the title of supreme commander of the postal department (equivalent rank minister puteysoobscheniya). The latter position was occupied Golitsyn and under Nicholas I. Since 1810 was a member of the State Council, and during 1839 - 41 years - the chairman of the general assembly. Golitsyn played a prominent role in some institutions of public character was president of the Bible Society, president of the "Philanthropic Society" and took an active part in organizing the "keepers prison society", etc. In 1843, Golitsyn went to the Crimea, where he died.. Golitsyn - one of the brightest figures of Alexander`s reign. In his younger years Golitsyn - the typical libertine Catherine`s era, with cheerful frivolity relating to religious matters and the enjoyment of life prefers social activities. His appointment chief procurator of the Holy Synod was therefore a total surprise and explained solely by the desire to have Alexander on this important place of a loved one. Soon, however, the mood Golitsyn profound change occurs. He is imbued with religious interests, which are gradually taking his mystical direction, and therefore dramatically change your lifestyle. His new views Golitsyn tried to hold in the first place as president of the Bible Society; but even wider field was opened in front of him with his hands in union ministry of Religious Affairs and Public Education. Schooling was delivered in close dependence on the religious beliefs and feelings of the Ministry of the head, and piety was recognized as the basis of true education. In building schools and teaching statement made have been very significant changes. The same trends have affected and in relation to literature Golitsyn, in fault-finding at censorship. Golitsyn himself was a man of fairly good-natured; but it gained access to important positions different career seekers, such as the famous Magnitsky, and these individuals brought to the extreme reaction in the direction of the Ministry. Golitsyn fell because himself was not strong in piety: this suspicion have tried to impress upon the enemies of Alexander Golitsyn, formed by representatives of the new church and then the reactionary party (especially Archimandrite Photius), referring to his protivnyypravoslaviyu mysticism. With the loss of political significance Golitsyn is not lost, however, a friendly attachment to him by Alexander, and thanks to the personal intimacy even devoted was the last question of the succession to the throne, to hold, as we know, in strict confidence. In the "Readings of the Society Russian History and Antiquities", 1870, book I, I published Golitsyn`s work: "The view of the difference between Eastern and Western Church, the history of their separation", which he submitted to the Empress Elizabeth Alekseevna. - See .: P. von Gotze "Furst AN Galitzin und seine Zeit." (Review Karnovich in "Historic Messenger", 1882, number 4 and 5); NI Bars "Archimandrite Photius and Prince Golitsyn" ( "Russian Antiquities", 1881); "Tales of Prince AN Golitsyn, Bartenev recorded Yu" ( "Russian Antiquities", 1884); Grand Duke Nicholas Mikhailovich "Alexander I" (correspondence Golitsyn); MV Dovnar-Zapolskiy "Review of modern Russian history," that I.; IA Chistovich "Guidelines spiritual enlightenment figures in Russia" (St. Petersburg, 1894.); SV Christmas "Historical overview of the activities of the Ministry of National Education" (SPb., 1902). A. Zaozerskii.